Document



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM F-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

VECTIVBIO HOLDING AG
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Switzerland
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
Not Applicable
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
Aeschenvorstadt 36
4051 Basel
Switzerland
Telephone: +41 61 551 30 30
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

VectivBio US, Inc.
60 Broad St. Suite 3502
New York, New York 10004
Telephone: +1 800 811 9520
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

Copies to:
Ryan Sansom
Brandon Fenn
Divakar Gupta
Cooley LLP
55 Hudson Yards
New York, NY 10001
+1 212 479 6000
Andreas Müller
Homburger AG
Prime Tower
Hardstrasse 201
CH-8005 Zurich
Switzerland
+41 43 222 10 00
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
If only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box:   
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box.
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.C. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Commission, pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.C. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933. Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of Securities Act.  
†The term “new or revised accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.


The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until this registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.



EXPLANATORY NOTE

The registration statement contains two prospectuses:
a base prospectus, which covers the offering, issuance and sale of an unspecified amount of the registrant’s ordinary shares, debt securities, warrants and units from time to time in one or more offerings, which together shall have an aggregate initial offering price not to exceed $200,000,000; and
a sales agreement prospectus covering the offering, issuance and sale by us of up to $75,000,000 of the registrant’s ordinary shares that may be issued and sold from time to time under the Sales Agreement between the registrant and SVB Securities LLC, or SVB Securities.
The base prospectus immediately follows this explanatory note. The specific terms of any other securities to be offered pursuant to the base prospectus will be specified in one or more prospectus supplements to the base prospectus. The sales agreement prospectus immediately follows the base prospectus.




The information contained in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. No securities may be sold pursuant to this prospectus until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission with respect to such securities has been declared effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and no offers to buy these securities are being solicited in any jurisdiction where their offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED MAY 4, 2022
PROSPECTUS
https://cdn.kscope.io/ac8a0ceeb0c0c90f0d11aa9b81aca53b-image_3.jpg
VectivBio Holding AG

$200,000,000

Ordinary Shares
Debt Securities
Warrants
Units
VectivBio Holding AG, a Swiss stock corporation (Aktiengesellschaft), may offer, from time to time, in one or more offerings, ordinary shares, senior debt securities, subordinated debt securities, warrants and units, which we collectively refer to as the securities. The aggregate offering price of the securities that we may offer and sell under this prospectus will not exceed $200,000,000. We may offer and sell any combination of the securities described in this prospectus in different series, at times, in amounts, at prices and on terms to be determined at or prior to the time of each offering. This prospectus describes the general terms of these securities and the general manner in which these securities will be offered. We will provide the specific terms of these securities in supplements to this prospectus. The prospectus supplements will also describe the specific manner in which these securities will be offered and may also supplement, update or amend information contained in this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement before you invest.
The securities covered by this prospectus may be offered through one or more underwriters, dealers and agents, or directly to purchasers. The names of any underwriters, dealers or agents, if any, will be included in a supplement to this prospectus. For general information about the distribution of securities offered, please see “Plan of Distribution” beginning on page 31 of this prospectus.
YOU SHOULD READ THIS PROSPECTUS AND ANY SUPPLEMENT TO THIS PROSPECTUS CAREFULLY BEFORE YOU INVEST.
Our ordinary shares are listed on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “VECT.” On May 2, 2022, the last sale price of our ordinary shares as reported by the Nasdaq Global Market was $5.00 per ordinary share.
We are an “emerging growth company” and a “foreign private issuer” as defined under the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, and, as such, we have elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements for this prospectus and future filings. Please see “Implications of Being an “Emerging Growth Company” and “Implications of Being a Foreign Private Issuer.”
Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense. 
 
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 4 of this prospectus. In addition, please review any additional risk factors in any accompanying prospectus supplement, any free writing prospectus and any documents we incorporate by reference.
The date of this prospectus is , 2022.



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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is a part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may, from time to time, sell up to $200,000,000 of any combination of the securities described in this prospectus. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities that may be offered by us. Each time we sell securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement accompanied by this prospectus. The prospectus supplement will contain specific information about the nature of the persons offering securities and the terms of the securities being offered at that time. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus.
 
Before buying any of the securities that we are offering, you should carefully read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement with all of the information incorporated by reference in this prospectus, as well as the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Information Incorporated by Reference.” These documents contain important information that you should consider when making your investment decision. We have filed or incorporated by reference exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. You should read the exhibits carefully for provisions that may be important to you.
 
To the extent there is a conflict between the information contained in this prospectus, on the one hand, and the information contained in any prospectus supplement or in any document incorporated by reference in this prospectus, on the other hand, you should rely on the information in this prospectus, provided that if any statement in one of these documents is inconsistent with a statement in another document having a later date—for example, a prospectus supplement or a document incorporated by reference in this prospectus—the statement in the document having the later date modifies or supersedes the earlier statement.
 
The information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any document incorporated by reference in this prospectus is accurate only as of their respective dates, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus or the sale of any securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed materially since those dates.
 
Neither we nor any underwriters, dealers or agents have authorized anyone to provide you with information that is different from that contained in this prospectus, any amendment or supplement to this prospectus, or any free writing prospectus we may authorize to be delivered or made available to you. Neither we nor any underwriters, dealers or agents take responsibility for, or provide assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the securities described in this prospectus or an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy such securities in any circumstances in which such offer or solicitation is unlawful.
 
For investors outside the United States: Neither we nor any underwriters, dealers or agents have taken any action that would permit the offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. Persons outside the United States who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of the securities described herein and the distribution of this prospectus outside the United States.

Unless otherwise noted or the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus to “VectivBio,” “the Company,” “our company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to VectivBio Holding AG and its subsidiaries.
TRADEMARKS AND TRADENAMES
We have filed trademark registrations for “VectivBio” and “Vectiv” in Switzerland, the European Union, Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. This prospectus includes trademarks, tradenames and service marks, certain of which belong to us and others that are the property of other organizations. Solely for convenience, trademarks, tradenames and service marks referred to in this prospectus appear without the ®, ™ and SM symbols, but the absence of those symbols is not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert our rights or that the applicable owner will not assert its rights to these trademarks, tradenames and service marks to the fullest extent under applicable law. We do not intend our use or display of other parties’ trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply, and such use or display should not be construed to imply, a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other parties.

PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION
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In this Registration Statement on Form F-3, or Registration Statement, unless otherwise specified, all monetary amounts are in U.S. dollars, all references to “U.S. dollars,” “$,” “US$” and “USD” mean United States dollars and all references to “CHF” mean Swiss francs.
Our consolidated and carve-out financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and in accordance with IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or IASB. None of the financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP.
We historically did not operate as an independent, standalone company, but rather as a part of a larger group of companies controlled by Therachon Holding AG, or THAG, and reported our results as part of THAG prior to July 1, 2019, when THAG distributed the shares of VectivBio Holding AG to the existing THAG shareholders, referred to as the Spin-off. The financial information for the period prior to July 1, 2019 has been derived from THAG’s historical financial records as if the Apraglutide Business (as defined in the section of this prospectus titled “Prospectus Summary–Company Overview”) had been a standalone business. Accordingly, the financial information for the periods prior to the Spin-off has been prepared on a “carve-out” basis to present the results of operations and the costs of doing business. There are limitations inherent in the preparation of the carve-out financial statements since our business was previously part of a larger organization. The basis of preparation included in our consolidated and carve-out financial statements provides a detailed description of the treatment of historical transactions in the period prior to the Spin-off.
During this period, our net loss was impacted by the following consequences of carve-out accounting and the Spin-off: an allocation of expenses for the services provided by THAG and its subsidiaries for research and development costs, shared corporate costs for professional services, legal services, other administrative support, and employee-related costs for senior management and other shared employees. The amounts of these allocations may not necessarily be indicative of the similar costs we would incur as an independent, standalone company. The total amount allocated to us from THAG related to the expenses described above was $4.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2019. Subsequent to the Spin-off on July 1, 2019, the financial information for the Apraglutide Business was prepared on a consolidated basis. For further information on the basis of presentation refer to Note 2 to our consolidated and carve-out financial statements beginning on page F-1 of our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, or Annual Report, incorporated by reference herein.

MARKET AND INDUSTRY DATA

This prospectus contains industry, market and competitive position data that are based on general and industry publications, surveys and studies conducted by third parties, some of which may not be publicly available, and our own internal estimates and research. Third-party publications, surveys and studies generally state that they have obtained information from sources believed to be reliable, but do not guarantee the accuracy and completeness of such information. These data involve a number of assumptions and limitations and contain projections and estimates of the future performance of the industries in which we operate that are subject to a high degree of uncertainty. We caution you not to give undue weight to such projections, assumptions and estimates.




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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and our financial statements and other documents and information incorporated by reference in this prospectus contain forward-looking statements, including statements concerning our industry, our operations, our anticipated financial performance and financial condition, and our business plans and growth strategy and product development efforts. These statements constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Many of the forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “expect,” “should,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate” and “potential,” among others. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of their dates. These forward-looking statements are based on estimates and assumptions by our management that, although we believe to be reasonable, are inherently uncertain and subject to a number of risks and uncertainties.
The following represent some, but not necessarily all, of the factors that could cause actual results to differ from historical results or those anticipated or predicted by our forward-looking statements:
the ability of our clinical trials to demonstrate acceptable safety and efficacy of our product candidates;
the timing, progress and results of clinical trials for our product candidates, including statements regarding the timing of initiation and completion of studies or trials and related preparatory work, the period during which the results of the trials will become available, and our research and development programs;
the timing, scope and likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;
our ability to obtain marketing approvals of our product candidates and to meet existing or future regulatory standards or comply with post-approval requirements;
our expectations regarding our ability to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements with our cash and cash equivalents and net proceeds of this offering;
future milestone or royalty payments to or from our licensing partners or other third-parties, and the expected timing of such payments;
our expectations regarding the potential market size and the size of the patient populations for our product candidates, if approved for commercial use;
our expectations regarding the potential advantages of apraglutide over existing therapies for short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure, or SBS-IF, and our expectations regarding potential uses of apraglutide to treat other indications;
developments and projections relating to our competitors and our industry, including competing therapies;
the impact of COVID-19 on our business, operations and prospects and on our clinical trials;
our potential to enter into new collaborations;
our expectations with regard to our ability to develop additional product candidates or leverage our current product candidates for other indications, and our ability to identify additional products, product candidates or technologies with significant commercial potential that are consistent with our commercial objectives;
our ability to develop, acquire and advance additional product candidates into, and successfully complete, clinical trials;
the commercialization and market acceptance of our product candidates;
our marketing and manufacturing capabilities or those of third parties with which we contract;
our ability to operate our businesses without infringing the intellectual property rights and proprietary technology of third parties;
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the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering our product candidates;
estimates of our expenses, future revenue, capital requirements, our needs for additional financing and our ability to obtain additional capital;
regulatory development in the United States, Europe and other jurisdictions;
our ability to effectively manage our anticipated growth;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;
our expectations regarding the time during which we will be an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act and continue to qualify as a foreign private issuer; and
other risk factors disused herein under “Risk Factors” or incorporated herein by reference.
Our actual results or performance could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, any forward-looking statements relating to those matters. Accordingly, no assurances can be given that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will transpire or occur, or if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations, cash flows or financial condition. Additionally, some of the risks and uncertainties identified above may be amplified by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not possible to predict or identify all such risks. There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown. Except as required by law, we are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update, alter or otherwise revise any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
This summary highlights selected information that is presented in greater detail elsewhere, or incorporated by reference, in this prospectus. It does not contain all of the information that may be important to you and your investment decision. Before investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including the matters set forth under the section of this prospectus captioned “Risk Factors” and the financial statements and related notes and other information that we incorporate by reference herein, including our Annual Report on Form 20-F and reports on Form 6-K, before deciding to invest in our securities.
Company Overview
We are a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of life-transforming medicines for patients living with severe rare conditions for which there is a significant unmet medical need. We are led by an experienced management team with a strong track record in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry. Our goal is to become a leading, patient-centric, fully integrated global rare disease company. Our current product pipeline is focused on rare gastrointestinal, or GI, metabolic disorders, and we intend to in-license or acquire additional transformational, differentiated rare disease assets. Our lead product candidate, apraglutide, is a next generation, long-acting synthetic peptide analog of glucagon-like peptide-2, or GLP-2, which we are developing as a differentiated therapeutic for a wide range of rare diseases, with an initial focus on short bowel syndrome, or SBS. Based on our preclinical and clinical data to date, we believe that apraglutide has the potential to advance the treatment of SBS intestinal failure, or SBS-IF, through improved clinical outcomes and less frequent dosing than the only currently approved GLP-2 for SBS-IF. Apraglutide is currently being evaluated in a global Phase 3 clinical trial called STARS for the treatment of patients with SBS-IF, and a global Phase 2 clinical trial called STARGAZE for the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). We also plan to evaluate apraglutide’s therapeutic potential in additional rare GI, liver and other conditions that could benefit from GLP-2 activation. Our pipeline includes a platform of first-in-class preclinical small molecule assets known as Comet for the treatment of rare inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs).
Our product candidate, apraglutide, is a next generation, long-acting, synthetic GLP-2 analog that is designed to increase nutrient absorption in the intestine and reduce the burden of parenteral support, or PS, thereby improving patient quality of life. Apraglutide has been rationally designed to have unique properties to address the known issues with native GLP-2 and teduglutide. In our preclinical studies and completed clinical trials, apraglutide has shown a significantly longer half-life and more consistent on-target drug exposure, potentially allowing for once-weekly dosing versus once-daily dosing for teduglutide, and enhanced trophic effects on the small intestine, when compared to other GLP-2 analogs. We believe that these properties have the potential to translate into increased pharmacological activity and improved patient adherence to treatment relative to other GLP-2 analogs, thereby allowing a subset of patients who currently receive PS to achieve enteral autonomy. In addition, we have designed a development strategy that will allow us to adapt the use of apraglutide to treat different SBS patient subtypes based on their GI anatomy.
We were founded in 2019 through a spin-off, or the Spin-off, of the GLP-2 analog apraglutide program, or the Apraglutide Business, from the rare-disease focused company Therachon Holding AG following its acquisition by Pfizer, for an upfront payment of $340 million and additional milestone payments of up to $470 million. To date, we have raised approximately $144 million in private financings from leading biotechnology investors. Our ordinary shares began trading on the Nasdaq Global Market on April 9, 2021 and we received aggregate gross proceeds from our initial public offering of approximately $154.1 million from leading biotechnology investors, including OrbiMed Advisors, Versant Ventures, Novo Holdings, Bpifrance, Cowen Healthcare Investments, Surveyor Capital (a Citadel company) and Eventide Asset Management.
Corporate Information
We are a Swiss stock corporation incorporated on May 22, 2019, in Switzerland. Our registered office in Switzerland is located at Aeschenvorstadt 36, 4051 Basel, Switzerland and the telephone number of our registered office is +41 61 551 30 30. Our agent for service of process in the United States is VectivBio US, Inc., 60 Broad St. Suite 3502, New York, New York 10004. Our website address is www.vectivbio.com. Information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not a part of, and shall not be incorporated by reference into, this prospectus. We have included our website address in this document solely as an inactive textual reference.
From our inception on May 22, 2019 until June 30, 2019, we were fully owned by Therachon Holding AG, or THAG, and together with its subsidiaries, the Parent Group. We were created for the purpose of spinning off the Apraglutide Business, following a corporate reorganization of the Parent Group in order to effectuate the separation. The separation, which has been considered as a reorganization under common control for the purpose of the preparation of the consolidated and carve-out financial statements, resulted in the transfer of certain assets (including 100% of the shares of GlyPharma (as defined below)), liabilities and contracts related to the Apraglutide Business at


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their historical book values from the Parent Group to VectivBio Holding AG and its subsidiaries prior to the spin-off date, which occurred on July 1, 2019. On July 1, 2019, THAG distributed by way of dividend in kind the shares of VectivBio Holding AG to the existing THAG shareholders, or the Spin-off, and VectivBio Holding AG and its subsidiaries began operating as a standalone entity.
On September 30, 2018, THAG, through its 100% owned subsidiary, Therachon AG, acquired 100% of the shares of GlyPharma Therapeutic Inc., or GlyPharma, from a third party. GlyPharma’s principal activity was to develop the Apraglutide Business. After the acquisition of GlyPharma, the Apraglutide Business was integrated into the Parent Group, with certain business functions carried out by multiple legal entities in the Parent Group. From September 30, 2018 until June 30, 2019, the Apraglutide Business was 100% owned by the Parent Group. During this period, the Apraglutide Business was managed from Switzerland, with operations in Canada.
Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company
 
We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other burdens that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:
 
·a requirement to have only two years of audited financial statements in addition to any required interim financial statements and correspondingly reduced Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations disclosure;
 
·an exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act; and
 
·reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and other filings and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation, including golden parachute compensation.

We may take advantage of these provisions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We will remain an emerging growth company until the earliest of (i) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more; (ii) December 31, 2025; (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the previous three years; and (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer under the rules of the SEC, which means the market value of our ordinary shares that are held by non-affiliates equals or exceeds $700.0 million as of the prior June 30.
 
Implications of Being a Foreign Private Issuer
 
We are also considered a “foreign private issuer.” Accordingly, we report under the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, as a non-U.S. company with foreign private issuer status. This means that, even after we no longer qualify as an emerging growth company, as long as we qualify as a foreign private issuer under the Exchange Act, we will be exempt from certain provisions of the Exchange Act that are applicable to U.S. domestic public companies, including:
 
·the sections of the Exchange Act regulating the solicitation of proxies, consents or authorizations in respect of a security registered under the Exchange Act;
 
·the sections of the Exchange Act requiring insiders to file public reports of their stock ownership and trading activities and liability for insiders who profit from trades made in a short period of time; and
 
·the rules under the Exchange Act requiring the filing with the SEC of quarterly reports on Form 10-Q containing unaudited financial and other specified information, or current reports on Form 8-K, upon the occurrence of specified significant events.
 
We may take advantage of these exemptions until such time as we are no longer a foreign private issuer. We would cease to be a foreign private issuer at such time as more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are held by U.S. residents and any of the following three circumstances applies: (i) the majority of our executive officers
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or directors are U.S. citizens or residents, (ii) more than 50% of our assets are located in the United States or (iii) our business is administered principally in the United States.
 
In this prospectus and in the documents and information incorporated by reference in this prospectus, we have taken advantage of certain of the reduced reporting requirements as a result of being an emerging growth company and a foreign private issuer. Accordingly, the information contained in this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus may be different than the information you receive from other public companies in which you hold equity securities.
 
The Securities That May Be Offered
We may offer or sell ordinary shares, debt securities, warrants and units in one or more offerings and in any combination. Each time securities are offered with this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will describe the specific amounts, prices and terms of the securities being offered and the net proceeds we expect to receive from that sale.
The securities may be sold to or through underwriters, dealers or agents or directly to purchasers or as otherwise set forth in the section of this prospectus captioned “Plan of Distribution.” Each prospectus supplement will set forth the names of any underwriters, dealers, agents or other entities involved in the sale of securities described in that prospectus supplement and any applicable fee, commission or discount arrangements with them.
Ordinary shares
We may offer our ordinary shares, nominal value CHF 0.05 per ordinary share, either alone or underlying other registered securities convertible into and/or exchangeable for our ordinary shares. Holders of our ordinary shares are entitled to receive dividends, if any, as may be approved from time to time by our general meeting of shareholders out of funds legally distributable for the payment of dividends. We have not paid dividends in the past and have no current plans to pay dividends. Each holder of our ordinary shares is entitled to one vote per ordinary share. Pursuant to Swiss law, the holders of our ordinary shares have pre-emptive rights (Bezugsrechte) to subscribe for newly issued ordinary shares, unless such pre-emptive rights are withdrawn or limited by our general meeting of shareholders, or upon authorization by our general meeting of shareholders, our board of directors in certain circumstances.

Debt Securities
We may offer secured or unsecured obligations in the form of one or more series of senior or subordinated debt. The senior debt securities and the subordinated debt securities are together referred to in this prospectus as the debt securities. The subordinated debt securities generally will be entitled to payment only after payment of our senior debt. Senior debt generally includes all debt for money borrowed by us, except debt that is stated in the instrument governing the terms of that debt to be not senior to, or to have the same rank in right of payment as, or to be expressly junior to, the subordinated debt securities. We may issue debt securities that are convertible into and/or exchangeable for ordinary shares.
The debt securities will be issued under an indenture between us and a trustee to be identified in an accompanying prospectus supplement. We have summarized the general features of the debt securities to be governed by the indenture in this prospectus and the form of indenture has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. We encourage you to read the indenture.
Warrants
We may offer warrants for the purchase of our ordinary shares or debt securities. We may offer warrants independently or together with other securities.
Units
We may offer units consisting of our ordinary shares, warrants or any combination of such securities. We may offer units independently or together with other securities.
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RISK FACTORS
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. The prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus applicable to each offering of our securities will contain a discussion of the risks applicable to an investment in our securities. Prior to making a decision about investing in our securities, you should carefully consider the specific factors discussed under the section in the applicable prospectus supplement captioned “Risk Factors,” together with all of the other information contained or incorporated by reference in the prospectus supplement or appearing or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. See “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation by Reference.” You should also consider the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed under “Part I—Item 3.D—Risk Factors” of our most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F and reports on Form 6-K we file after the date of this prospectus, that are incorporated herein by reference, as may be amended, supplemented or superseded from time to time by other reports we file with the SEC in the future. The risks and uncertainties we have described are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our operations. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results in future periods. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be seriously harmed. This could cause the trading price of our securities to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. Please also carefully read the section titled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”



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CAPITALIZATION
 
We intend to include information about our capitalization and indebtedness in the prospectus and applicable prospectus supplements.
 


OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
 
We may offer ordinary shares, debt securities, warrants and units, in one or more offerings, with a total aggregate offering price of up to $200,000,000. The actual price per ordinary share of the securities that we will offer pursuant hereto will depend on a number of factors that may be relevant as of the time of offer. See “Plan of Distribution.”

 

REASONS FOR THE OFFER AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement or in any free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you in connection with a specific offering, we intend to use any net proceeds from the sale of securities under this prospectus for pipeline development, general corporate purposes and working capital. Accordingly, we will have significant discretion in the use of any net proceeds. Additional information on the use of net proceeds we receive from the sale of securities covered by this prospectus may be set forth in the prospectus supplement relating to the specific offering.

 

THE OFFER AND LISTING
 
Our ordinary shares are currently traded on the Nasdaq Global Market, or Nasdaq, under the symbol “VECT.” The ordinary shares began trading on Nasdaq on April 9, 2021.


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DESCRIPTION OF SHARE CAPITAL AND ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION

The following is a summary of the material terms of our share capital and current articles of association. Such summaries do not purport to be complete. For a more complete discussion, please refer to our articles of association, a copy of which can be accessed on our website www.vectivbio.com. Information contained on, or that can be accessible through, our website is not a part of this prospectus and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.
The Company
We are a Swiss stock corporation (Aktiengesellschaft) organized under the laws of Switzerland. We were incorporated on May 22, 2019 with our registered office and domicile in Basel, Canton of Basel-City, Switzerland. Our registered office and head office is currently located at Aeschenvorstadt 36, 4051 Basel, Switzerland.
Share Capital
As of December 31, 2021, our share capital as registered with the commercial register of the Canton of Basel-Stadt, Switzerland, or the Commercial Register, amounted to CHF 1,831,785.65, divided into 36,635,713 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each.
Changes in our Share Capital
In this section, our share capital and the number and nominal value of shares are presented as of the date of the relevant transaction, without accounting for (i) the five-to-one reverse split of our registered shares effected on April 1, 2021, or (ii) the conversion of our preferred shares into ordinary shares immediately prior to the completion of the Public Offering.
As of the date of our incorporation, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register amounted to CHF 471,153.56, divided into 47,115,356 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each. Since our incorporation, the events described below have changed the number and classes of our issued and outstanding share capital.
On September 9, 2019, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on September 10, 2019 was increased by CHF 13,600.00 through the issuance of 1,360,000 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each.
On December 10, 2019, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on December 17, 2019 was increased by CHF 4,500.00 through the issuance of 450,000 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each.
On February 5, 2020, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on February 12, 2020 was increased by CHF 21,850.00 through the issuance of 2,185,000 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each.
On September 11, 2020, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on September 21, 2020 was increased by CHF 707,037.23 through the issuance of 14,100,000 ordinary shares, 20,979,805 series A1 preferred shares and 35,623,918 series A2 preferred shares, in each case with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each.
On September 29, 2020, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on October 19, 2020 was increased by CHF 121,642.66 through the issuance of 12,164,266 series A2 preferred shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 each.
In the five-to-one reverse split of all issued shares effected on April 1, 2021, 44 ordinary shares, 25 series A1 preferred shares and 46 series A2 preferred, each with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 per share, were issued by way
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of conversion of equity surplus into share capital to balance fractional shares, increasing our share capital by CHF 1.15, and (i) 65,210,400 ordinary shares, (ii) 20,979,830 series A1 preferred shares, and (iii) 47,788,230 series A2 preferred shares, each with a nominal value of CHF 0.01 per share, were consolidated into (i) 13,042,080 ordinary shares, (ii) 4,195,966 series A1 preferred shares and (iii) 9,557,646 series A2 preferred shares, each with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 per share.
On April 13, 2021, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on April 13, 2021 was increased by CHF 453,308.80 through the issuance of 9,066,176 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each.
On September 9, 2021, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on September 10, 2021 was increased by CHF 9,280.40 through the issuance of 185,608 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each.
On November 26, 2021, our share capital as registered in the Commercial Register on November 26, 2021 was increased by CHF 29,411.85 through the issuance of 588,237 ordinary shares with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each.
Certain Important Provisions of our Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Swiss Law
The following is a summary of certain important provisions of our articles of association, organizational regulations and certain related provisions of Swiss law. Please note that this is only a summary and is not intended to be exhaustive. For a more complete discussion, please refer to our articles of association, organizational regulations and Swiss law.
On June 19, 2020, the Swiss Parliament approved legislation that will modernize certain aspects of Swiss corporate law. Most relevantly, the legislative reform addresses, among other topics, (i) the modernization and increased flexibility for a stock corporation’s capital base, (ii) corporate governance and executive compensation matters, (iii) the strengthening of shareholder rights and the protection of minorities, (iv) financial distress / restructuring measures and (v) certain socio-political topics (e.g., gender representation and disclosure requirements for companies active in the raw materials sector). Other than with respect to the new rules on gender representation and disclosure requirements for companies active in the raw materials sector, which, subject to transitional periods, entered into force on January 1, 2021, the effective date of the new legislation will be January, 2023 (with certain transitional periods as provided for therein). In light of these reforms, certain sub-sections discussed in more detail below will be subject to the changes and modifications pursuant to this new legislation.
Share Capital and Shares
Ordinary Capital Increase, Authorized and Conditional Share Capital
Under Swiss law, we may increase our share capital (Aktienkapital) with a resolution of the general meeting of shareholders (ordinary capital increase) that must be carried out by the board of directors within three months in order to become effective. Under our articles of association and Swiss law, in case of a subscription and increase against contributions in cash, a resolution passed by an absolute majority of the votes represented at the general meeting of shareholders is required. In case of a subscription and increase through the conversion of equity surplus, against contributions in kind or for purposes of an acquisition of assets, or the granting of special benefits, or when shareholders’ statutory pre-emptive rights are limited or withdrawn, a resolution passed by two-thirds of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented is required.
Furthermore, under the Swiss Code of Obligations, or the CO, our shareholders, by a resolution passed by two-thirds of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented at such meeting, may empower the board of directors to issue shares of a specific aggregate
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nominal amount, in each case up to a maximum of 50% of the existing share capital as registered in the Commercial Register, in the form of:
conditional capital (bedingtes Kapital) for the purpose of issuing shares (i) through the exercise or mandatory exercise of conversion, exchange, option, warrant or similar rights for the subscription of shares granted to shareholders or third parties in connection with bonds, notes, options warrants or other securities or contractual obligations of the Company or any of its group companies or (ii) through the issuance of rights to subscribe for new shares to members of the board of directors, members of the executive committee, employees, contractors or consultants of the Company or its group companies or other persons providing services to the Company or its group companies to subscribe for new shares; and/or
authorized capital (genehmigtes Kapital) to be utilized by the board of directors, subject to our articles of association, within a period determined by the shareholders but not exceeding two years from the date of the shareholder approval.
Any subscription and direct or indirect acquisition of new shares either in connection with or under an ordinary capital increase, authorized or conditional share capital and any subsequent transfer of such shares are subject to certain transfer restrictions.
Pre-emptive Rights
Pursuant to the CO, shareholders have pre-emptive rights (Bezugsrechte) to subscribe for newly issued shares. With respect to conditional capital in connection with the issuance of conversion or option rights, convertible bonds or similar debt instruments, shareholders have advance subscription rights (Vorwegzeichnungsrechte) for the subscription of these instruments.
A resolution passed at a general meeting of shareholders by two-thirds of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented at such meeting may withdraw or limit (in case of an ordinary capital increase) or authorize our board of directors to withdraw or limit the pre-emptive rights and/or advance subscription rights in certain circumstances.
If pre-emptive rights are granted, but not exercised, our board of directors may allocate such unexercised pre-emptive rights at its discretion.
With respect to our authorized share capital, our board of directors is authorized by our articles of association to withdraw or limit the pre-emptive rights of existing shareholders, and to allocate them to third parties, the Company or any of its group companies if:
the issue price of the newly issued shares is determined by reference to the market price;
the newly issued shares are used for raising capital in a fast and flexible manner, which would not be possible, or might only be possible with great difficulty or delays or at significantly less favorable conditions, without the exclusion of the pre-emptive rights of existing shareholders;
the newly issued shares are used for the acquisition of companies, part(s) of companies or participations, for the acquisition of products, intellectual property or licenses by or for investment projects of the Company or any of its group companies, or for the financing or refinancing of any of such transactions through a placement of shares;
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the newly issued shares are used for purposes of broadening our shareholder constituency in certain geographic, financial or investor markets, for purposes of the participation of strategic partners, or in connection with the listing of new shares on domestic or foreign stock exchanges;
the newly issued shares are used for purposes of granting an over-allotment option or an option to purchase additional shares in a placement or sale of shares to the respective initial purchaser(s) or underwriter(s);
the newly issued shares are used for the participation of members of the board of directors, members of the executive committee, employees, contractors, consultants or other persons performing services for the benefit of the Company or any of its group companies;
a shareholder or a group of shareholders acting in concert having accumulated shareholdings in excess of 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register without having submitted to all other shareholders a takeover offer recommended by the board of directors; or
the newly issued shares are used for the defense of an actual, threatened or potential takeover offer that the board of directors, upon consultation with an independent financial advisor retained by it, has not or will not recommend to the shareholders to accept on the basis that the board of directors does not find such takeover offer to be financially fair to the shareholders or to be in the Company’s interest.
The board of directors is entitled to permit, to restrict or to exclude the trading in pre-emptive rights. The board of directors may further permit the expiration of pre-emptive rights that have not been exercised, or it may place such rights or shares as to which pre-emptive rights have been granted, but not exercised, at market conditions or may use them otherwise in the interest of the Company.
Our Authorized Share Capital
Under our articles of association, our board of directors is authorized to increase the share capital at any time, including in connection with an intended takeover, until April 1, 2023, by a maximum aggregate amount of CHF 793,700.00 through the issuance of not more than 15,874,000 ordinary shares, which would have to be fully paid-in, with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each.
Increases in partial amounts are permitted. Our board of directors has the power to determine the issue price, the type of contribution, the date of issue, the conditions for the exercise of pre-emptive rights and the beginning date for dividend entitlement.
Our board of directors is also authorized to withdraw or limit pre-emptive rights as described above. This authorization is exclusively linked to the particular available authorized share capital set out in the respective article. If the period to increase the share capital lapses without having been used by the board of directors, the authorization to withdraw or limit the pre-emptive rights lapses simultaneously with such authorized capital.
Our Conditional Share Capital
Conditional Share Capital for Participation Programs
Our share capital may be increased by a maximum aggregate amount of CHF 381,506.25 through the issuance of up to 7,630,125 ordinary shares, which would have to be fully paid-in, with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each, through the issuance of rights to subscribe for new shares to members of the board of directors, members of the executive committee, employees, contractors or consultants of the Company or one of its group companies, or other persons providing services to the Company or one of its group companies. Shares, options or subscription rights therefor shall be issued pursuant to one or more regulations to be issued by our board of directors, or to the extent
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delegated to it, our compensation committee, and in each case in accordance with our articles of association. Shares, options or subscription rights therefor may be issued at a price or with an exercise price lower than the market price. The pre-emptive rights and advance subscription rights of our shareholders are excluded in connection with the issuance of any shares, options or subscription rights therefor.
Conditional Share Capital for Financing, Acquisition and Other Purposes
In addition, our share capital may be increased, including in connection with an intended takeover, by a maximum aggregate amount of CHF 450,886.00 through the issuance of up to 9,017,720 ordinary shares, which would have to be fully paid-in, with a nominal value of CHF 0.05 each, through the exercise or mandatory exercise of conversion, exchange, option or warrant rights or rights for the subscription of shares or the triggering of conversion, exchange, purchase or similar obligations for the subscription of shares granted to, or imposed on, shareholders or third parties in connection with bonds, notes, options, warrants or other securities or contractual obligations by the Company or any of its group companies. The pre-emptive rights of shareholders are excluded upon conversion, exchange, exercise or the triggering of any of the aforementioned financial instruments in connection with the issuance of ordinary shares, and the then-current owners of such financial instruments are entitled or obligated to acquire the new ordinary shares upon conversion, exchange, exercise or the triggering of any financial instrument. The main conditions of such financial instruments are to be determined by our board of directors.
When issuing relevant financial instruments, our board of directors is authorized to limit or withdraw the advance subscription rights of shareholders to subscribe for the relevant financial instrument:
if the issuance is for purposes of financing or refinancing, or the payment for, the acquisition of companies, parts of a company, participations, products, intellectual property rights, licenses or investments;
if the issuance occurs in national or international capital markets or through a private placement;
following a shareholder or a group of shareholders acting in concert having accumulated shareholdings in excess of 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register without having submitted to all other shareholders a takeover offer recommended by the board of directors;
for the defense of an actual, threatened or potential takeover offer that the board of directors, upon consultation with an independent financial adviser retained by it, has not recommended or will not recommend to the shareholders to accept on the basis that the board of directors has not found such takeover offer to be financially fair to the shareholders or to be in the Company’s interest; or
if the financial instruments are issued at reasonable terms and conditions, in particular if (1) the financial instruments are issued or entered into at market conditions, (2) the conversion, exchange or exercise price of the financial instruments is set with reference to, and/or subject to change based upon, the valuation of the Company’s equity and/or market conditions, and (3) the financial instruments may be converted, exchanged, exercised or triggered during a maximum period of 10 years from the date of the relevant issuance or contract conclusion.
Uncertificated Securities
Our shares are uncertificated securities (Wertrechte, within the meaning of article 973c of the CO) and, when administered by a custodian (Verwahrungsstelle, within the meaning of the Federal Act on Intermediated Securities, or FISA), qualify as intermediated securities (Bucheffekten, within the meaning of the FISA). In accordance with article 973c of the CO, we will maintain a non-public register of uncertificated securities (Wertrechtebuch). We may
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at any time without the approval of our shareholders and at our cost convert shares issued as uncertificated securities into another form (including global certificates) or convert shares issued in one form into another form. Following the entry in the share register, a shareholder may at any time request from us a written confirmation in respect of the shares held by such shareholder. Shareholders are not entitled, however, to request the printing and delivery of certificates or the conversion of the shares in one form into another form. We may print and deliver certificates for shares at any time.
General Meeting of Shareholders
Ordinary and Extraordinary General Meetings of Shareholders
The general meeting of shareholders is our supreme corporate body. Under Swiss law, ordinary and extraordinary general meetings of shareholders may be held.
An annual ordinary general meeting of shareholders must be held annually within six months after the close of a corporation’s financial year. In our case, this means on or before June 30 of any calendar year. The annual general meeting of shareholders is convened by our board of directors or, if necessary, our auditors.
An extraordinary general meeting of shareholders may be called (1) by a resolution of the board of directors or by our auditors, in each case when deemed necessary, or by our liquidators or the representatives of bondholders, if any, (2) if so resolved by a general meeting of shareholders or (3) if shareholders who hold, alone or together, ordinary shares representing at least 10% of the share capital request such general meeting of shareholders in writing, indicating the matters to be discussed and the corresponding proposals and, in case of elections, the names of the nominated candidates, including the information required for a request for inclusion of an item on the agenda as set forth below (“—Agenda Requests”). Further, our board of directors must convene an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders and propose financial restructuring measures if, based on our annual stand-alone statutory balance sheet, half of our share capital and reserves are no longer covered by our assets.
Powers
The following powers are vested exclusively in the general meeting of shareholders:
adoption and amendment of the articles of association, including an amendment of the purpose or the relocation of the registered office;
election and dismissal of the members of the board of directors, the chairperson of the board of directors, the members of the compensation committee, the independent proxy and the auditors;
approval of the annual management report, the annual consolidated financial statements and the annual stand-alone statutory financial statements and decision on the allocation of profits shown on the balance sheet, in particular with regard to (interim) dividends and the repayment of the statutory capital reserves;
approval of the compensation of the board of directors and of the executive committee pursuant to the articles of association;
granting discharge from liability to the members of the board of directors and the persons entrusted with management; and
passing of resolutions as to all matters reserved by law or under the articles of association to the general meeting of shareholders or that are submitted to the general meeting of shareholders by our board of directors subject to its non-transferable and inalienable powers and duties.
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Voting and Quorum Requirements
Shareholder resolutions and elections (including elections of members of the board of directors) require the affirmative vote of the absolute majority of the votes represented at the general meeting of shareholders, unless otherwise stipulated by law or our articles of association.
Under Swiss corporate law or our articles of association, a resolution of the general meeting of shareholders passed by two-thirds of the votes represented at the meeting and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented at such meeting is required for:
the amendment of the Company’s purpose;
the creation of shares with privileged voting rights;
the restriction on the transferability of shares and the cancellation of such a restriction;
an authorized or conditional increase in share capital;
an increase in share capital through the conversion of equity surplus, against contribution in kind or for purposes of an acquisition of assets, or the granting of special benefits;
the limitation or withdrawal of pre-emptive rights;
the relocation of the registered office of the Company;
the dissolution of the Company;
the dismissal of any member of the board of directors, of the chairperson of the board of directors or of any member of the compensation committee before the end of his or her term of office; and
the amendment or repeal of the registration or voting restrictions, the provision setting a maximum board size, and the provision for indemnification of the members of the board of directors and the executive committee set forth in our articles of association.
The same voting requirements generally apply to resolutions regarding transactions among corporations based on Switzerland’s Federal Act on Mergers, Demergers, Transformations and the Transfer of Assets of 2003, as amended, or the Swiss Merger Act (including a merger, demerger or conversion of a corporation); see “—Compulsory Acquisitions; Appraisal Rights.”
In accordance with Swiss law and generally accepted business practices, our articles of association do not provide for quorum requirements generally applicable to general meetings of shareholders. To this extent, our practice varies from the requirement of Nasdaq Listing Rule 5620(c), which requires an issuer to provide in its bylaws for a generally applicable quorum, and that such quorum may not be less than one third of the outstanding voting shares.
Notice
General meetings of shareholders must be convened by our board of directors at least twenty days before the date of the meeting. The general meeting of shareholders is convened by way of a notice appearing in our official publication medium, currently the Swiss Official Gazette of Commerce. Shareholders of record may also be informed by ordinary mail, or, if legally permitted, by e-mail or on our website. The notice of a general meeting of shareholders must include the items on the agenda, the proposals of our board of directors and the shareholder(s)
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who requested that a general meeting of shareholders be held or an item be included on the agenda and, in case of elections, the names of the proposed candidates. Except in the limited circumstances listed below, a resolution may not be passed at a general meeting without proper notice. This limitation does not apply to proposals to convene an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders or to initiate a special investigation. No previous notification is required to put proposals to the meeting related to items already on the agenda or for debates of matters on which no resolution is to be taken.
Our annual report, the compensation report and the auditors’ reports must be made available for inspection by the shareholders at our registered office no later than 20 days prior to the annual general meeting of shareholders.
Agenda Requests
Pursuant to Swiss law and our articles of association, shareholders who alone or together either (1) hold shares with an aggregate nominal value of at least CHF 1,000,000 or (2) represent at least 10% of the share capital may request that an item be included on the agenda for a general meeting of shareholders. To be timely, the shareholder’s request must be made at least 45 calendar days in advance of the meeting. The request must be made in writing and contain, for each of the agenda items, the following information:
a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the general meeting of shareholders and the reasons for conducting such business at the general meeting of shareholders;
the proposals regarding the agenda item;
the name and address, as they appear in the share register, of the shareholder proposing such business;
the number of shares which are beneficially owned by such shareholder (including documentary support of such beneficial ownership);
the dates upon which the shareholder acquired such shares;
any material interest of the proposing shareholder in the proposed business;
a statement in support of the matter; and
all other information required under the applicable laws and stock exchange rules.
In addition, if the shareholder intends to solicit proxies from the shareholders of a company, such shareholder shall notify the company of this intent in accordance with SEC Rule 14a-4 and/or Rule 14a-8.
Shareholder Proposals
Under Swiss statutory law and our articles of association, at any general meeting of shareholders any shareholder may put proposals to the meeting related to items already on the agenda. In addition, even if the proposal is not part of any agenda item, any shareholder may propose to the meeting to convene an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders or to have a specific matter investigated by means of a special investigation where this is necessary for the proper exercise of shareholders’ rights.
Voting Rights
Subject to the voting rights limitation set forth in our articles of association, each of our shares entitles a holder to one vote. The shares are not divisible. We only accept one representative per share and the voting right and the rights associated therewith may only be exercised vis-à-vis us by a shareholder, usufructuary or nominee to the
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extent that such person is registered in the share register with voting rights at a cut-off date to be determined by our board of directors. Those entitled to vote in the general meeting of shareholders may be represented by the independent proxy (annually elected by the general meeting of shareholders), by their legal representative or by any other representative of their choice with authorization to act as proxy.
Our articles of association contain provisions that prevent investors from acquiring voting rights exceeding 18% of our issued share capital. Subject to Swiss law and our articles of association, no person or entity shall be registered in the share register as a shareholder with voting rights for, and no person or entity may directly or indirectly, formally, constructively or beneficially own, or otherwise control or direct, alone or together with third parties, voting rights (whether exercisable or not) with respect to, more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register. Legal entities and partnerships or other groups of persons or joint owners who are interrelated to one another through capital ownership, voting rights, uniform management or otherwise linked as well as individuals, legal entities or partnerships who act in concert or otherwise act in a coordinated manner or acquire shares indirectly shall be treated as one single person. Specifically, if an individual or legal entity acquires ordinary shares and, as a result, directly or indirectly, has voting rights with respect to more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register, the ordinary shares exceeding the limit of 18% shall be entered in the share register as shares without voting rights.
This restriction also applies to persons or entities who hold or acquire some or all of their shares through nominees, including via Cede & Co., New York (or any successor), as the nominee of The Depository Trust Company, New York, acting in its capacity as clearing nominee. Our board of directors may, in its own discretion, register persons who declare in the registration application that they hold the shares as nominees on behalf of third party beneficiaries in the share register as shareholders with voting rights. However, if shares are being held by a nominee for third party beneficiaries, which control or direct (alone or together with third parties) voting rights with respect to more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register, our articles of association provide that our board of directors may cancel the registration of the shares with voting rights held by such nominee in excess of the limit of 18%. Furthermore, our articles of association contain provisions that allow our board of directors to make the registration with voting rights of shares held by a nominee subject to conditions, limitations and reporting requirements and to impose or adjust such conditions, limitations and requirements once registered. However, any shareholders already being registered with, and/or having been allocated, more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register prior to the registration with the Commercial Register of our amended and restated articles of association (if any) will remain or will be registered with voting rights for such shares. Furthermore, our board of directors may resolve not to apply, in part or in full, these restrictions or limits by way of exception for justified reasons with the majority vote of two-thirds of all its members.
Further, no shareholder may exercise, directly or indirectly, voting rights with respect to own or represented shares in excess of 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register. This voting rights limitation applies equally to parties acting in concert. Our board of directors may resolve not to apply this voting rights limitation by way of exception for justified reasons with the majority vote of two-thirds of all its members. This voting rights limitation does not apply to the exercise of voting rights by shareholders or their proxies to the extent that their shares are validly registered with voting rights in the share register pursuant to our articles of association and they are still in compliance with our articles of association.
Dividends and Other Distributions
Our board of directors may propose to the general meeting of shareholders that a dividend or other distribution be paid but cannot itself authorize the dividend or distribution. Under Swiss law and our articles of association, dividend payments and other distributions require a resolution passed by an absolute majority of the votes
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represented at a general meeting of shareholders. In addition, our auditors must confirm that the dividend or distribution proposal of our board of directors conforms to Swiss statutory law and our articles of association.
Under Swiss law, we may pay dividends only if we have sufficient distributable profits brought forward from the previous financial years (Bilanzgewinn), or if we have distributable reserves, each as evidenced by our audited stand-alone statutory balance sheet prepared pursuant to Swiss law, and after allocations to reserves required by Swiss law or the articles of association have been deducted. We may not be permitted to pay interim dividends out of profit of the current financial year.
Distributable reserves are generally booked either as voluntary “retained earnings” (freiwillige Gewinnreserven), as statutory “retained earnings” (gesetzliche Gewinnreserve), as statutory capital reserves (gesetzliche Kapitalreserve) or as reserves from capital contributions (Kapitaleinlagereserven). Under the CO, if our general reserves amount to less than 20% of our paid-in nominal share capital, then at least 5% of our annual net profit must be retained as general reserves (statutory “retained earnings”). The CO permits us to accrue additional general reserves. Further, we are required to present the amount of the purchase price of own shares repurchased (whether by us or a subsidiary) as a negative item in equity, or as reserves for own shares, respectively, in our annual stand-alone statutory balance sheet, and such amount may not be used for dividends or subsequent repurchases. Finally, the CO under certain circumstances requires the creation of revaluation reserves which are not distributable.
Distributions out of issued share capital (i.e., the aggregate nominal value of our issued shares) are not allowed and may be made only by way of a share capital reduction. Such a capital reduction requires a resolution passed by an absolute majority of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders. The resolution of the shareholders must be recorded in a public deed and a special audit report must confirm that claims of our creditors remain fully covered despite the reduction in the share capital recorded in the Commercial Register. Our share capital may be reduced below CHF 100,000 only if and to the extent that at the same time the statutory minimum share capital of CHF 100,000 is re-established by sufficient new fully paid-in share capital. Upon approval by the general meeting of shareholders of the capital reduction, our board of directors must give public notice of the capital reduction resolution in the Swiss Official Gazette of Commerce three times and notify creditors that they may request, within two months of the third publication, satisfaction of or security for their claims. The reduction of the share capital may be implemented only after expiration of this time limit.
Our board of directors will determine the ex-dividend, record and payment dates. Dividends are usually due and payable shortly after the general meeting of shareholders has passed the resolution approving the payment, but shareholders may also resolve at the general meeting of shareholders to pay dividends in quarterly or other installments.
The decision to propose the payment of dividends or other distributions is a business decision that will be made by our board of directors from time to time based on our results of operations, financial position, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, business prospects, and such other considerations as our board of directors considers relevant.
Transfer of Shares
Shares in uncertificated form (Wertrechte) may only be transferred by way of assignment. Shares or the beneficial interest in shares, as applicable, credited in a securities account may only be transferred when a credit of the relevant intermediated securities to the acquirer’s securities account is made in accordance with applicable rules.
Voting rights may be exercised only after a shareholder has been entered in the share register with his or her full name, address and nationality or, in the case of legal entities, the company name and the registered office as a
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shareholder with voting rights. For a discussion of the restrictions applicable to the registration in the share register and the exercise of voting rights, see the section entitled “—Voting Rights”
Inspection of Books and Records
Under the CO, a shareholder has a right to inspect our share register with respect to his, her or its own shares and otherwise to the extent necessary to exercise his, her or its shareholder rights. No other person has a right to inspect our share register. Our books and correspondence may be inspected with the express authorization of the general meeting of shareholders or by resolution of the board of directors and subject to the safeguarding of our business secrets.
Special Investigation
If the shareholders’ inspection rights as outlined above prove to be insufficient in the judgment of the shareholder, such shareholder may propose to the general meeting of shareholders that specific facts be examined by a special examiner in a special investigation. If the general meeting of shareholders approves the proposal, we or any shareholder may, within 30 calendar days after the general meeting of shareholders, request the competent court to appoint a special examiner. If the general meeting of shareholders rejects the request, one or more shareholders representing at least 10% of the share capital or holding shares with an aggregate nominal value of at least CHF 2,000,000 may request, within three months after the general meeting of shareholders, that the competent court appoint a special examiner. The competent court will issue such an order if the petitioners can furnish prima facie evidence that our corporate bodies or any member thereof infringed the law or our articles of association and thereby caused damages to us or the shareholders. The costs of the investigation would generally be allocated to us and only in exceptional cases to the petitioners.
Shareholders’ Rights to Bring Actions for the Benefit of the Company
According to the CO, an individual shareholder may bring an action, in its own name and for the benefit of the Company, against the Company’s directors, officers or liquidators for the recovery of any losses we have suffered as a result of the intentional or negligent breach by such directors, officers or liquidators of their duties.
Compulsory Acquisitions; Appraisal Rights
Business combinations and other transactions that are governed by the Swiss Merger Act (i.e., mergers, demergers, conversion of a corporation and certain asset transfers) are binding on all shareholders. A statutory merger or demerger requires approval of two-thirds of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented at such meeting.
If a transaction under the Swiss Merger Act receives all of the necessary consents, all shareholders are compelled to participate in such transaction.
Swiss corporations may be acquired by an acquirer through the direct acquisition of shares. The Swiss Merger Act provides for the possibility of a so-called “cash-out” or “squeeze-out” merger if 90% of the shareholders of the transferring company who are entitled to vote give their consent. In these limited circumstances, minority shareholders of the corporation being acquired may be compensated in a form other than through shares of the acquiring corporation (for instance, through cash or securities of a parent corporation of the acquiring corporation or of another corporation).
For business combinations effected in the form of a statutory merger or demerger and subject to Swiss law, the Swiss Merger Act provides that if equity rights have not been adequately preserved or compensation payments in the
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transaction are not adequate, a shareholder may request the competent court to determine an adequate amount of compensation. Shareholders who consider their equity rights not to have been adequately preserved or the compensation received or to be received to be inadequate are entitled to exercise appraisal rights in accordance with the Swiss Merger Act by filing a suit against the surviving corporation with the competent Swiss civil court at the registered office of the surviving corporation or of the transferring corporation. The suit must be filed within two months after the merger or demerger resolution has been published in the Swiss Official Gazette of Commerce. If such a suit is filed, the court must assess whether the equity rights have been adequately preserved or the compensation paid or to be paid to the shareholders is adequate compensation and, should the court consider it to be inadequate, determine any additional adequate compensation. A decision issued by a competent court in this respect can be acted upon by any person who has the same legal status as the claimant. The filing of an appraisal suit will not prevent completion of the merger or demerger.
In addition, under Swiss law, the sale of all or substantially all of our assets may be construed as a de facto dissolution of the Company, and consequently require the approval of two-thirds of the votes represented at a general meeting of shareholders and the absolute majority of the nominal value of the shares represented at such meeting. Whether a shareholder resolution is required depends on the particular transaction, and the following circumstances are generally deemed relevant in this respect:
a core part of the company’s business is sold without which it is economically impracticable or unreasonable to continue to operate the remaining business;
the company’s assets, after the divestment, are not invested in accordance with the company’s business purpose set forth in its articles of association; and
the proceeds of the divestment are not earmarked for reinvestment in accordance with the company’s business purpose but, instead, are intended for distribution to the company’s shareholders or for financial investments unrelated to the company’s business.
Board of Directors
Number of Directors; Election
Our articles of association provide that our board of directors shall consist of a minimum of three members and a maximum of nine members.
The members of our board of directors and the chairperson are elected annually by the general meeting of shareholders for a term of office until completion of the next annual general meeting of shareholders and are eligible for re-election. Each member of our board of directors must be elected individually.
Powers
Our board of directors has the following non-transferable and inalienable powers and duties:
the ultimate management of the Company and the issuance of necessary instructions;
the determination of the organization of the Company;
the structuring of the accounting system, of the financial controls and of the financial planning;
the appointment and dismissal of the persons entrusted with management and representation of the Company, and issuance of rules on the signature authority;
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the ultimate supervision of the persons entrusted with management of the Company, in particular in view of compliance with the law, the articles of association, regulations and directives;
the preparation of the annual report and the compensation report;
the preparation of the general meetings of shareholders and the implementation of its resolutions;
the adoption of resolutions on the increase of the share capital to the extent that such power is vested in the board of directors, the ascertainment of capital increases, the report on the capital increase, and the respective amendments to the articles of association (including deletions);
the non-transferable and inalienable powers and duties of the board of directors pursuant to the Swiss Merger Act;
the submission of an application for debt-restructuring moratorium and the notification of the court if liabilities exceed assets; and
other powers and duties reserved to the board of directors by law or the articles of association.
The board of directors may, while retaining such non-transferable and inalienable powers and duties, delegate some of its powers, in particular the executive management of the Company, in whole or in part to one or several of its members, to committees or to third parties (such as executive officers) who need not be members of the board of directors nor shareholders. Pursuant to Swiss law and our articles of association, details of the delegation must be set forth in the organizational regulations issued by the board of directors. The organizational regulations may also contain other procedural rules such as quorum requirements. Our board of directors has delegated the executive management of the Company to our chief executive officer.
Indemnification of Directors and Executive Management
Under Swiss law, subject to certain limitations, a corporation may indemnify and hold harmless directors and other persons entrusted with its management out of the assets of the corporation from and against actions, costs, charges, losses, damages and expenses which they or any of them may incur or sustain by or by reason of any act done, concurred in or omitted, in connection with the execution of their statutory duties, provided that such indemnity (if any) shall not extend to any matter in which any of said persons is found to have committed an intentional or grossly negligent breach of his or her duties. Our articles of association contain provisions governing the indemnification of the members of our board of directors and of our executive committee and the advancing of related defense costs to the extent not included in insurance coverage or paid by third parties. In addition, under general principles of Swiss employment law, an employer may be required to indemnify an employee against losses and expenses incurred by such employee in the proper execution of his or her duties under the employment agreement with the employer.
We have entered into indemnification agreements with each of the members of our board of directors and of our executive committee.
Conflict of Interest; Management Transactions
Swiss law does not have a specific provision regarding conflicts of interest. However, the CO requires our directors and executive officers to safeguard the Company’s interests and imposes a duty of loyalty and duty of care on our directors and executive officers. This rule is generally understood to disqualify directors and executive officers from participating in decisions that directly affect them. Our directors and executive officers are personally liable to us for breaches of these obligations.
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Under Swiss law, directors and all persons engaged in the Company’s management are liable to the Company, each shareholder and in certain circumstances our creditors for damages caused by an intentional or negligent violation of their duties. Furthermore, Swiss law contains a provision under which payments made to any of our shareholders or directors or any person associated with any such shareholder or director, other than payments made at arm’s length, must be repaid to the Company if such shareholder, director or associated person acted in bad faith.
If in connection with the entering into a contract (except relating to daily business matters for a value of up to CHF 1,000) we are represented by the person with whom we are entering into the contract with, such contract must be in writing.
Our Code of Conduct and organizational regulations also cover a broad range of matters, including the handling of conflicts of interest.
Principles of the Compensation of the Board of Directors and Executive Committee
The Company is subject to the Compensation Ordinance.
Say on pay
The Compensation Ordinance requires a “say on pay” approval mechanism for the compensation of the board of directors and the executive committee pursuant to which the shareholders must vote on the compensation of the board of directors and the executive committee on an annual basis commencing with our first annual general meeting of shareholders following the Public Offering to be held in 2022. In accordance with these requirements, our articles of association provide that the general meeting of shareholders must, each year, approve separately the proposals of the board of directors regarding the aggregate amounts of:
(a)the maximum compensation of the board of directors until completion of the next annual general meeting of shareholders; and
(b)the maximum compensation of the executive committee for the following financial year.
The board of directors may submit for approval by the general meeting of shareholders deviating or additional proposals relating to the same or different periods.
If the general meeting of shareholders does not approve the proposed amount of compensation, the board of directors prepares a new proposal, taking into account all relevant factors, and submits such new proposal for the approval at the same general meeting of shareholders, a subsequent extraordinary general meeting of shareholders or the next annual general meeting of shareholders.
If the maximum aggregate amount of compensation of the executive committee already approved by the general meeting of shareholders is not sufficient to also cover the compensation of one or more persons who become a member of or are being promoted within the executive committee after the general meeting of shareholders has approved the compensation of the executive committee for the relevant period, each such person may per each compensation period be paid up to 100% of the aggregate amount of maximum compensation of the executive committee last approved by the general meeting of shareholders (supplementary amount).
Compensation principles in our articles of association
The Compensation Ordinance requires us to define the principles for the determination of the compensation of the board of directors and the executive committee in our articles of association. According to our articles of association, the compensation of the non-executive directors consists of fixed compensation elements and may
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comprise further compensation elements. The compensation of executive directors and members of the executive committee comprises fixed and variable compensation elements. Fixed compensation comprises the base salary and may consist of other compensation elements. Variable compensation may take into account the achievement of specific performance targets. The total compensation shall take into account the position and level of responsibility of the recipient. Compensation may be paid in the form of cash, shares, options or other share-based instruments or units, or in the form of other types of benefits. Our board of directors or, to the extent delegated to it, the compensation committee determines grant, vesting, exercise, restriction and/or forfeiture conditions and periods and may provide for continuation, acceleration or removal of vesting, exercise, restriction and/or forfeiture conditions and periods, for payment or grant of compensation based upon assumed target achievement, or for forfeiture, in each case for pre-determined events such as a change of control or termination of an employment or mandate agreement.
Our articles of association permit us or our subsidiaries to grant loans or credits to our directors and executive officers at market conditions whereby the total amount of such loans and credits may not exceed CHF 5 million.
Prohibited forms of compensation
The Compensation Ordinance prohibits certain types of compensation arrangements with members of a listed Swiss corporation’s board of directors and executive committee. In particular, the Compensation Ordinance prohibits severance payments in any form. Notice periods in employment agreements exceeding one year and employment agreements for a fixed term of more than one year are deemed to be prohibited severance payments. Post-employment non-compete covenants and consultancy agreements are not subject to the Compensation Ordinance’s severance pay prohibition, unless they are deemed to be disguised severance payments based on their terms. The Compensation Ordinance also restricts certain forms of advance compensation payments. Replacement awards compensating benefits and other entitlements that executive officers forfeit from their previous employers are permissible, whereas genuine and unconditional prepayments of salary (i.e., if the contractual salary is paid in advance without being subject to conditions) are not permitted. The Compensation Ordinance also prohibits certain types of transaction bonuses and certain other types of compensation and benefits not expressly provided for by a company’s articles of association.
Compensation disclosure
The Compensation Ordinance requires the board of directors to prepare an annual audited compensation report disclosing the compensation directly or indirectly awarded to members of the board of directors and the executive committee (and, to the extent not in line with market standards, to former members of and parties related to these bodies) for the past financial year. The compensation awarded to the board of directors has to be disclosed both on an aggregate basis as well as individually on a named basis for each director. The compensation awarded to the executive committee has to be disclosed on an aggregate basis; in addition, the compensation of the highest paid member of the executive committee needs to be disclosed individually on a named basis. In case the company pays compensation out of the supplementary amount as described above, such compensation has to be disclosed on an aggregate basis as well as individually on a named basis. In addition, we have to disclose the shares and other equity-linked positions held by members of the board of directors and of the executive committee or persons closely related to them in the notes to our annual financial statements.
Our articles of association provide that if the variable compensation of the executive committee is submitted to the annual general meeting of shareholders for approval for the following financial year, the compensation report for the relevant financial year is subsequently submitted to the annual general meeting of shareholders for an advisory vote.
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Criminal provisions
Directors or members of the executive committee who pay or receive certain impermissible forms of compensation and thereby act against their “better knowledge” (wider besseres Wissen) are subject to criminal liability (imprisonment and monetary penalty). Directors who do not comply with certain other provisions of the Compensation Ordinance against their “better knowledge” are also subject to criminal liability (imprisonment and/or a monetary penalty).
Borrowing Powers
Neither Swiss law nor our articles of association restrict in any way our power to borrow and raise funds. The decision to borrow funds is made by or under the direction of our board of directors, and no approval by the shareholders is required in relation to any such borrowing.
Repurchases of Shares and Purchases of Own Shares
The CO limits our right to purchase and hold our own shares. We and our subsidiaries may purchase shares only if and to the extent that we have freely distributable reserves in the amount of the purchase price. Further, the aggregate nominal value of all shares held by us must not exceed 10% of our share capital. Pursuant to the CO, where shares are acquired in connection with a transfer restriction set out in our articles of association, the foregoing upper limit is 20%. If we own shares that exceed the threshold of 10% of our share capital, the excess must be sold or cancelled by means of a capital reduction within two years. We must present the acquired shares on our stand-alone statutory balance sheet as a negative item in our equity.
Shares held by us or our subsidiaries are not entitled to vote at the general meeting of shareholders but are entitled to the economic benefits applicable to the shares generally, including dividends, pre-emptive rights in the case of share capital increases and advance subscription rights.
In addition, selective share repurchases are only permitted under certain circumstances. Within these limitations, as is customary for Swiss corporations, we may purchase and sell our own shares from time to time in order to, among other things, meet our obligations under our equity incentive plans, to meet imbalances of supply and demand, to provide liquidity and to even out variances in the market price of shares, or for purposes of cancellation.
Notification and Disclosure of Substantial Share Interests
The disclosure obligations generally applicable to shareholders of Swiss corporations under the Federal Act on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading, or the Financial Market Infrastructure Act, do not apply to us since our shares are not listed on a Swiss stock exchange.
Pursuant to article 663c of the CO, a Swiss corporation whose shares are listed on a stock exchange must disclose its significant shareholders and their shareholdings in the notes to its annual stand-alone statutory financial statements to the extent this information is known or ought to be known to it. Significant shareholders are defined as shareholders and groups of shareholders acting in concert who hold more than 5% of all voting rights.
Mandatory Bid Rules
The obligation of any person or group of persons that acquires more than one third of a company’s voting rights to submit a cash offer for all the outstanding listed equity securities of the relevant company at a minimum price pursuant to the Financial Market Infrastructure Act does not apply to us since our shares are not listed on a Swiss stock exchange.
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Limitation of Liability and Indemnification
Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to our directors, officers or persons controlling us pursuant to the foregoing provisions, we have been informed that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.
Transfer Agent and Registrar of Shares
Our share register will initially be kept by Computershare Trust Company, N.A., which acts as transfer agent and registrar. The share register reflects only holders of record of our ordinary shares, usufructuaries therein and/or nominees subject to the limitations set forth in article 5 of our articles of association (see for more details the section of our Annual Report entitled “Item 10.B. Memorandum and articles of association — Voting Rights”). Swiss law does not recognize fractional share interests.
Listing
Our ordinary shares are listed on The Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “VECT.”


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DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES
The debt securities will be our direct general obligations. The debt securities will be either senior debt securities or subordinated debt securities and may be secured or unsecured and may be convertible into and/or exchangeable for other securities, including our ordinary shares. The debt securities will be issued under one or more separate indentures between our company and a financial institution that will act as trustee. Senior debt securities will be issued under a senior indenture. Subordinated debt securities will be issued under a subordinated indenture. Each of the senior indenture and the subordinated indenture is referred to individually as an indenture and collectively as the indentures. Each of the senior debt trustee and the subordinated debt trustee is referred to individually as a trustee and collectively as the trustees. The material terms of any indenture will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
We have summarized certain terms and provisions of the indentures. The summary is not complete. The indentures are subject to and governed by the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended. The senior indenture and subordinated indenture are substantially identical, except for the provisions relating to subordination.
Neither indenture will limit the amount of debt securities that we may issue. We may issue debt securities up to an aggregate principal amount as we may authorize from time to time. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the terms of any debt securities being offered. These terms will include some or all of the following:
 
  classification as senior or subordinated debt securities;
 
  ranking of the specific series of debt securities relative to other outstanding indebtedness, including subsidiaries’ debt;
 
  if the debt securities are subordinated, the aggregate amount of outstanding indebtedness, as of a recent date, that is senior to the subordinated securities, and any limitation on the issuance of additional senior indebtedness;
 
  the designation, aggregate principal amount and authorized denominations;
 
  the date or dates on which the principal of the debt securities may be payable;
 
  the rate or rates (which may be fixed or variable) per annum at which the debt securities shall bear interest, if any;
 
  the date or dates from which such interest shall accrue, on which such interest shall be payable, and on which a record shall be taken for the determination of holders of the debt securities to whom interest is payable;
 
  the place or places where the principal and interest shall be payable;
 
  our right, if any, to redeem the debt securities, in whole or in part, at our option and the period or periods within which, the price or prices at which and any terms and conditions upon which such debt securities may be so redeemed, pursuant to any sinking fund or otherwise;
 
  our obligation, if any, of the Company to redeem, purchase or repay any debt securities pursuant to any mandatory redemption, sinking fund or other provisions or at the option of a holder of the debt securities;
 
  if other than denominations of $2,000 and any higher integral multiple of $1,000, the denominations in which the debt securities will be issuable;
 
  if other than the currency of the United States, the currency or currencies, in which payment of the principal and interest shall be payable;
 
  whether the debt securities will be issued in the form of global securities;
 
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  the terms and conditions, if any, for conversion into or exchange for ordinary shares;

  provisions, if any, for the defeasance of the debt securities;
 
  any material U.S. federal income tax consequences; and
 
  other specific terms, including any deletions from, modifications of or additions to the events of default or covenants described below or in the applicable indenture.
Senior Debt
We may issue under the senior indenture the debt securities that will constitute part of our senior debt. These senior debt securities will rank equally and pari passu with all our other unsecured and unsubordinated debt.
Subordinated Debt
We may issue under the subordinated indenture the debt securities that will constitute part of our subordinated debt. These subordinated debt securities will be subordinate and junior in right of payment, to the extent and in the manner set forth in the subordinated indenture, to all our “senior indebtedness.” “Senior indebtedness” is defined in the subordinated indenture and generally includes obligations of, or guaranteed by, us for borrowed money, or as evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or other similar instruments, or in respect of letters of credit or other similar instruments, or to pay the deferred purchase price of property or services, or as a lessee under capital leases, or as secured by a lien on any asset of ours. “Senior indebtedness” does not include the subordinated debt securities or any other obligations specifically designated as being subordinate in right of payment to, or pari passu with, the subordinated debt securities. In general, the holders of all senior indebtedness are first entitled to receive payment in full of such senior indebtedness before the holders of any of the subordinated debt securities are entitled to receive a payment on account of the principal or interest on the indebtedness evidenced by the subordinated debt securities in certain events. These events include:
 
  subject to Swiss law, any insolvency or bankruptcy proceedings, or any receivership, dissolution, winding up, total or partial liquidation, reorganization or other similar proceedings in respect of us or a substantial part of our property, whether voluntary or involuntary;
 
  (i) a default having occurred with respect to the payment of principal or interest on or other monetary amounts due and payable with respect to any senior indebtedness or (ii) an event of default (other than a default described in clause (i) above) having occurred with respect to any senior indebtedness that permits the holder or holders of such senior indebtedness to accelerate the maturity of such senior indebtedness. Such a default or event of default must have continued beyond the period of grace, if any, provided in respect of such default or event of default, and such a default or event of default shall not have been cured or waived or shall not have ceased to exist; and
 
  the principal of, and accrued interest on, any series of the subordinated debt securities having been declared due and payable upon an event of default pursuant to the subordinated indenture. This declaration must not have been rescinded and annulled as provided in the subordinated indenture.
Authentication and Delivery
We will deliver the debt securities to the trustee for authentication, and the trustee will authenticate and deliver the debt securities upon our written order.
Events of Default
When we use the term “Event of Default” in the indentures with respect to the debt securities of any series, set forth below are some examples of what we mean:
 
 (1)default in the payment of the principal on the debt securities when it becomes due and payable at maturity or otherwise;
 
 (2)default in the payment of interest on the debt securities when it becomes due and payable, and such default continues for a period of 30 days;
 
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 (3)default in the performance, or breach, of any covenant in the indenture (other than defaults specified in clauses (1) or (2) above) and the default or breach continues for a period of 90 consecutive days or more after written notice to us by the trustee or to us and the trustee by the holders of 25% or more in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of all series affected thereby;
 
 (4)the occurrence of certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, or similar proceedings with respect to us or any substantial part of our property; or
 
 (5)any other Events of Default that may be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
If an Event of Default (other than an Event of Default specified in clause (4) above) with respect to the debt securities of any series then outstanding occurs and is continuing, then either the trustee or the holders of not less than 25% in principal amount of the securities of all such series then outstanding in respect of which an Event of Default has occurred may by notice in writing to us declare the entire principal amount of all debt securities of the affected series, and accrued interest, if any, to be due and payable immediately, and upon any such declaration the same shall become immediately due and payable.
If an Event of Default described in clause (4) above occurs and is continuing, then the principal amount of all the debt securities then outstanding and accrued interest shall be and become due immediately and payable without any declaration, notice or other action by any holder of the debt securities or the trustee.
The trustee will, within 90 days after the occurrence of any default actually known to it, give notice of the default to the holders of the debt securities of that series, unless the default was already cured or waived. Unless there is a default in paying principal or interest when due, the trustee can withhold giving notice to the holders if it determines in good faith that the withholding of notice is in the interest of the holders.
Satisfaction, Discharge and Defeasance
We may discharge our obligations under each indenture, except as to:
 
  the rights of registration of transfer and exchange of debt securities, and our right of optional redemption, if any;
 
  substitution of mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen debt securities;
 
  the rights of holders of the debt securities to receive payments of principal and interest;
 
  the rights, obligations and immunities of the trustee; and
 
  the rights of the holders of the debt securities as beneficiaries with respect to the property deposited with the trustee payable to them (as described below);
when:
 
  either:
 
  all debt securities of any series issued that have been authenticated and delivered have been delivered by us to the trustee for cancellation; or
 
  all the debt securities of any series issued that have not been delivered by us to the trustee for cancellation have become due and payable or will become due and payable within one year or are to be called for redemption within one year under arrangements satisfactory to the trustee for the giving of notice of redemption by such trustee in our name and at our expense, and we have irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee as trust funds the entire amount sufficient to pay at maturity or upon redemption all debt securities of such series not delivered to the trustee for cancellation, including principal and interest due or to become due on or prior to such date of maturity or redemption;

 
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  we have paid or caused to be paid all other sums then due and payable under such indenture; and
 
  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel, each stating that all conditions precedent under such indenture relating to the satisfaction and discharge of such indenture have been complied with.
In addition, unless the applicable prospectus supplement and supplemental indenture otherwise provide, we may elect either (i) to have our obligations under each indenture discharged with respect to the outstanding debt securities of any series, or legal defeasance, or (ii) to be released from our obligations under each indenture with respect to certain covenants applicable to the outstanding debt securities of any series, or covenant defeasance. Legal defeasance means that we will be deemed to have paid and discharged the entire indebtedness represented by the outstanding debt securities of such series under such indenture and covenant defeasance means that we will no longer be required to comply with the obligations with respect to such covenants (and an omission to comply with such obligations will not constitute a default or event of default).
In order to exercise legal defeasance or covenant defeasance with respect to outstanding debt securities of any series:
 
  we must irrevocably have deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee as trust funds in trust for the purpose of making the following payments, specifically pledged as security for, and dedicated solely to the benefits of the holders of the debt securities of a series:
 
  money in an amount;
 
  U.S. government obligations; or
 
  a combination of money and U.S. government obligations,
in each case sufficient without reinvestment, in the written opinion of a nationally recognized firm of independent public accountants, to pay and discharge, and which shall be applied by the trustee to pay and discharge, all of the principal and interest at due date or maturity or if we have made irrevocable arrangements satisfactory to the trustee for the giving of notice of redemption by the trustee, the redemption date;
 
  we have delivered to the trustee an opinion of counsel stating that, under then applicable U.S. federal income tax law, the holders of the debt securities of that series will not recognize gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a result of the defeasance and will be subject to the same federal income tax as would be the case if the defeasance did not occur;
 
  no default relating to bankruptcy or insolvency and, in the case of a covenant defeasance, no other default has occurred and is continuing at any time;
 
  if at such time the debt securities of such series are listed on a national securities exchange, we have delivered to the trustee an opinion of counsel to the effect that the debt securities of such series will not be delisted as a result of such defeasance; and
 
  we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel stating that all conditions precedent with respect to the defeasance have been complied with.
We are required to furnish to each trustee an annual statement as to compliance with all conditions and covenants under the indenture.


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DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS
We may issue warrants to purchase debt securities, ordinary shares or other securities. We may issue warrants independently or together with other securities. Warrants sold with other securities may be attached to or separate from the other securities. We will issue warrants under one or more warrant agreements between our company and a warrant agent that we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.
The prospectus supplement relating to any warrants we offer will include specific terms relating to the offering. These terms will include some or all of the following:
 
  the title of the warrants;
 
  the aggregate number of warrants offered;
 
  the designation, number and terms of the debt securities, ordinary shares or other securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants and procedures by which those numbers may be adjusted;
 
  the exercise price of the warrants;
 
  the dates or periods during which the warrants are exercisable;
 
  the designation and terms of any securities with which the warrants are issued;
 
  if the warrants are issued as a unit with another security, the date on and after which the warrants and the other security will be separately transferable;
 
  if the exercise price is not payable in U.S. dollars, the foreign currency, currency unit or composite currency in which the exercise price is denominated;
 
  any minimum or maximum amount of warrants that may be exercised at any one time;
 
  any terms relating to the modification of the warrants;
 
  any terms, procedures and limitations relating to the transferability, exchange or exercise of the warrants; and
 
  any other specific terms of the warrants.
The terms of any warrants to be issued and a description of the material provisions of the applicable warrant agreement will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.


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DESCRIPTION OF UNITS

We may issue units comprised of one or more of the other securities that may be offered under this prospectus, in any combination. As specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may issue units consisting of our ordinary shares, debt securities, warrants or any combination of such securities. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security. The unit agreement under which a unit is issued may provide that the securities included in the unit may not be held or transferred separately at any time, or at any time before a specified date. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe:
 
 
the terms of the units and of the ordinary shares, debt securities and/or warrants comprising the units, including
whether and under what circumstances the securities comprising the units may be traded separately;
 
 
a description of the terms of any unit agreement governing the units or any arrangement with an agent that
may act on our behalf in connection with the unit offering;
 
 a description of the provisions for the payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units; and
 
 any material provisions of the governing unit agreement that differ from those described above.
 

The provisions described in this section, as well as those described under “Description of Share Capital and Articles of Association,” “Description of Debt Securities” and “Description of Warrants” will apply to the securities included in each unit, to the extent relevant and as may be updated in any prospectus supplements.

The description in the applicable prospectus supplement of any units we offer will not necessarily be complete and will be qualified in its entirety by reference to the applicable unit agreement, which will be filed with the SEC if we offer units. For more information on how you can obtain copies of the applicable unit agreement if we offer units, see “Where You Can Find More Information.”



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LIMITATIONS AFFECTING SHAREHOLDERS OF A SWISS COMPANY

Transfer of Shares and Transfer Restrictions
So long as shares are intermediated securities (Bucheffekten within the meaning of the Swiss Federal Act on Intermediated Securities, or FISA) based on uncertificated securities (Wertrechte) entered into the main register of a custodian, as is the case with our ordinary shares, (i) any transfer of shares is effected by a corresponding entry in the securities deposit account of a bank or a depository institution, (ii) no shares can be transferred by way of assignment, and (iii) a security interest in any shares cannot be granted by way of assignment.
The Company maintains its share register, or the Share Register, through Computershare Trust Company, N.A. and enters the full name, address and nationality (in the case of legal entities, the company name and registered office) of the shareholders (including nominees) and usufructuaries therein. A person entered in the Share Register must notify the share registrar of any change in address. Until such notification occurs, all written communication from us to persons entered in the Share Register is deemed to have been validly made if sent to the relevant address recorded in the Share Register.
Any person who acquires shares may submit an application to us requesting that we enter such person in the Share Register as a shareholder with voting rights, provided such person expressly declares to us that he, she or it has acquired and holds such shares in his, her or its own name and for his, her or its own account and to fulfill any other statutory requirements.
Subject to Swiss law and our articles of association, no person or entity shall be registered in the Share Register as a shareholder with voting rights for, and no person or entity may directly or indirectly, formally, constructively or beneficially own, or otherwise control or direct, alone or together with third parties, voting rights (whether exercisable or not) with respect to, more than 18% of the share capital registered in the commercial register of the Canton of Basel-City, Switzerland, or the Commercial Register. This restriction also applies to persons or entities who hold or acquire some or all of their shares through nominees, including via Cede & Co., New York (or any successor), as the nominee of The Depository Trust Company, New York, acting in its capacity as clearing nominee. Our board of directors may, in its own discretion, register persons who declare in the registration application that they hold the shares as nominees on behalf of third party beneficiaries in the Share Register as shareholders with voting rights. However, if shares are being held by a nominee for third party beneficiaries, who own or otherwise control or direct, alone or together with third parties, voting rights with respect to more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register, our articles of association provide that our board of directors may cancel the registration of the shares with voting rights held by such nominee in excess of the limit of 18%. Furthermore, our articles of association contain provisions that allow our board of directors to make the registration with voting rights of shares held by a nominee subject to conditions, limitations and reporting requirements and to impose or adjust such conditions, limitations and requirements once registered. However, any shareholders already being registered with, and/or having been allocated, more than 18% of the share capital registered in the Commercial Register prior to or on April 13, 2021 (if any) will remain or will be registered with voting rights for such shares. Furthermore, our board of directors may resolve not to apply, in part or in full, these restrictions by way of exception for justified reasons with the majority vote of two-thirds of all its members. See for more details the section of our Annual Report, incorporated by reference herein, entitled “Certain Important Provisions of our Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Swiss Law – Voting Rights.”
The board of directors may, after having heard the concerned shareholder of record or nominee, cancel entries in the Share Register that were based on false or misleading information or if such information becomes untrue or misleading with retroactive effect to the date of the entry. The party affected must be promptly informed of the cancellation.
Any acquirer of shares who is not registered in the Share Register as a shareholder with voting rights may not vote at or participate in any of our general meetings of shareholders, but will still be entitled to dividends and other rights with financial value with respect to such shares.
Ownership of Shares by Non-Swiss Residents
Except for the limitations on voting rights described above applicable to shareholders generally and the sanctions referred to below, there is no limitation under Swiss law or our articles of association on the right of non-Swiss residents or nationals to own ordinary shares or to exercise voting rights attached to the ordinary shares.
Foreign Investment and Exchange Control Regulations in Switzerland
Other than in connection with government sanctions imposed on certain persons from, in or related to the Republic of Iraq, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Central African Republic, Yemen, Lebanon, Libya, Sudan, the
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Republic of South Sudan, the Republic of Mali, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar (Burma), Somalia, Syria, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe, Belarus, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), Venezuela, Nicaragua, persons and organizations with connections to Osama bin Laden, the “Al-Qaeda” group or the Taliban, certain persons in connection with the assassination of Rafik Hariri as well as measures to prevent the circumvention of international sanctions in connection with the situation in Ukraine, there are currently no governmental laws, decrees or regulations in Switzerland that restrict the export or import of capital, including, but not limited to, Swiss foreign exchange controls on the payment of dividends, interest or liquidation proceeds, if any, to non-resident holders of shares.
Pre-emptive Rights and Advance Subscription Rights
Under Swiss law, any share issue, whether for cash or non-cash consideration, is subject to the prior approval of the shareholders at a general meeting of shareholders. Shareholders have certain pre-emptive rights (Bezugsrechte) to subscribe for new issues of shares and advance subscription rights (Vorwegzeichnungsrechte) to subscribe for convertible or warrant-bearing bonds or other financial market instruments in proportion to the nominal amount of shares held. A resolution adopted at a general meeting of shareholders by a majority of at least two-thirds of the votes and the absolute majority of the nominal share capital each as represented at such a meeting, may limit or withdraw pre-emptive rights or advance subscription rights in certain circumstances. Under our articles of association, our board of directors is authorized to limit or withdraw pre-emptive rights and advance subscription rights based on the authorized share capital and the conditional share capital in certain circumstances. See for more details the sections of our Annual Report, incorporated by reference herein, entitled “Certain Important Provisions of our Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Swiss Law – Pre-emptive Rights,” “Certain Important Provisions of our Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Swiss Law – Our Authorized Share Capital” and “Certain Important Provisions of our Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Swiss Law – Our Conditional Share Capital.”




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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We may offer and sell the securities in one or more of the following ways (or in any combination) from time to time:
 
·through underwriters or dealers;
 
·directly to a limited number of purchasers or to a single purchaser;
 
·in block transactions;
·in “at the market offerings,” within the meaning of Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act, to or through a market maker or into an existing trading market on an exchange or otherwise;
 
·through agents; or
 
·through any other method permitted by applicable law and described in the applicable prospectus supplement.
 
The prospectus supplement will state the terms of the offering of the securities, including:
 
·the name or names of any underwriters, dealers or agents;
 
·the purchase price of such securities and the proceeds to be received by us, if any;
 
·any underwriting discounts or agency fees and other items constituting underwriters’ or agents’ compensation;
 
·any public offering price;
 
·any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers; and
 
·any securities exchanges on which the securities may be listed.
 
Any public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers may be changed from time to time.
 
If underwriters are used in the sale, the securities will be acquired by the underwriters for their own account and may be resold from time to time in one or more transactions, including:
 
·negotiated transactions;
 
·at a fixed public offering price or prices, which may be changed;
 
·at market prices prevailing at the time of sale;
 
·at prices related to prevailing market prices; or
 
·at negotiated prices.
 
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Unless otherwise stated in a prospectus supplement, the obligations of the underwriters to purchase any securities will be conditioned on customary closing conditions and the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of such series of securities, if any are purchased.
 
The securities may be sold through agents from time to time. The prospectus supplement will name any agent involved in the offer or sale of the securities and any commissions paid to them. Generally, any agent will be acting on a commercially reasonable efforts basis for the period of its appointment.
 
Sales to or through one or more underwriters or agents in at-the-market offerings will be made pursuant to the terms of a distribution agreement with the underwriters or agents. Such underwriters or agents may act on an agency basis or on a principal basis. During the term of any such agreement, shares may be sold on a daily basis on any stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the ordinary shares are traded, in privately negotiated transactions or otherwise as agreed with the underwriters or agents. The distribution agreement will provide that any ordinary share sold will be sold at negotiated prices or at prices related to the then prevailing market prices for our ordinary shares. Therefore, exact figures regarding proceeds that will be raised or commissions to be paid cannot be determined at this time and will be described in a prospectus supplement. Pursuant to the terms of the distribution agreement, we may also agree to sell, and the relevant underwriters or agents may agree to solicit offers to purchase, blocks of our ordinary shares or other securities. The terms of each such distribution agreement will be described in a prospectus supplement.

We may authorize underwriters, dealers or agents to solicit offers by certain purchasers to purchase the securities at the public offering price set forth in the prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. The contracts will be subject only to those conditions set forth in the prospectus supplement, and the prospectus supplement will set forth any commissions paid for solicitation of these contracts.
 
Underwriters and agents may be entitled under agreements entered into with us to indemnification by us against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribution with respect to payments which the underwriters or agents may be required to make.
 
The prospectus supplement may also set forth whether or not underwriters may over-allot or effect transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of the securities at levels above those that might otherwise prevail in the open market, including, for example, by entering stabilizing bids, effecting syndicate covering transactions or imposing penalty bids.
 
Underwriters and agents may be customers of, engage in transactions with, or perform services for us and our affiliates in the ordinary course of business.
 
Each series of securities will be a new issue of securities and will have no established trading market, other than our ordinary shares, which are listed on Nasdaq. Any underwriters to whom securities are sold for public offering and sale may make a market in the securities, but such underwriters will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market making at any time without notice. The securities, other than our ordinary shares, may or may not be listed on a national securities exchange.


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TAXATION

The material U.S. federal income tax and, to the extent applicable, material Swiss tax consequences relating to the purchase, ownership and disposition of any of the securities offered by this prospectus will be set forth in the prospectus or applicable prospectus supplement pertaining to those securities.



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EXPENSES OF THE OFFERING
 
The following table sets forth the expenses (other than underwriting discounts and commissions or agency fees and other items constituting underwriters’ or agents’ compensation, if any) expected to be incurred by us in connection with a possible offering of securities registered under this registration statement. All amounts are estimated except for the SEC registration fee and FINRA filing fee.
 
Expenses Amount
SEC registration fee $18, 540 
FINRA filing fee  30,500 
Printing and engraving expenses  (1)
Legal fees and expenses  (1)
Accounting fees and expenses  (1)
Miscellaneous costs  (1)
Total $(1)
 
 
(1) These fees are calculated based on the securities offered and the number of issuances and accordingly cannot be estimated at the time.


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LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the securities offered hereby on behalf of VectivBio Holding AG and certain other matters of Swiss law, including matters of Swiss income tax law, will be passed upon for us by Homburger AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Certain matters of U.S. federal law will be passed upon for us by Cooley LLP, New York, New York. Additional legal matters may be passed on for us, or any underwriters, dealers or agents by counsel we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.

EXPERTS

Ernst & Young AG, independent registered public accounting firm, has audited our consolidated and carve-out financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, as set forth in their report, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus and elsewhere in the registration statement. Our financial statements are incorporated by reference in reliance on Ernst & Young AG's report, given on their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.
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ENFORCEABILITY OF CIVIL LIABILITIES

The Company is a corporation organized and incorporated under the laws of Switzerland with registered office and domicile in Basel, Switzerland, and the majority of our assets are located within Switzerland. Moreover, a number of our directors and executive officers are not residents of the United States, and all or a substantial portion of the assets of such persons are or may be located outside the United States. As a result, investors may not be able to effect service of process within the United States upon us or upon such persons, or to enforce judgments obtained against us or such persons in U.S. courts, including judgments in actions predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the federal securities laws of the United States.
There is doubt that a lawsuit based upon United States federal or state securities laws could be brought in an original action in Switzerland and that a judgment of a U.S. court based upon United States securities laws would be enforced in Switzerland.
The United States and Switzerland currently do not have a treaty providing for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments, other than arbitration awards, in civil and commercial matters. Consequently, a final judgment for payment given by a court in the United States, whether or not predicated solely upon U.S. securities laws, may not be enforceable in Switzerland.
However, if a person has obtained a final and conclusive judgment rendered by a U.S. court which is enforceable in the United States and files a claim with the competent Swiss court, such final judgment by a U.S. court may be recognized in Switzerland in an action before a court of competent jurisdiction in accordance with the proceedings set forth by the Swiss Federal Act on International Private Law (Bundesgesetz über das internationale Privatrecht) and the Swiss Federal Act on Civil Procedure (Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung) and, in certain circumstances, the Swiss Federal Act on Debt Collection and Bankruptcy (Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs). In such an action, a Swiss court generally would not reinvestigate the merits of the original matter decided by a U.S. court. The recognition and enforcement of a U.S. judgment by a Swiss court would be conditional upon a number of conditions including those set out in articles 25 et seqq. of the Swiss Federal Act on International Private Law, which include, among others:
the U.S. court having had jurisdiction over the original proceedings from a Swiss perspective;
the judgment of such U.S. court being final and non-appealable under U.S. federal or state law;
service of process to the defendant having been completed in accordance with the relevant legal requirements at the defendant’s domicile or permanent residence (including requirements resulting from applicable international treaties), or the defendant having unconditionally participated in the foreign proceedings;
the original proceeding not having been conducted under a violation of material principles of Swiss civil proceedings law, in particular the right to be heard;
the matter (Verfahren) between the same parties and on the same subject resulting in the judgment of the U.S. court not having been (i) commenced or decided by a Swiss court, provided that such Swiss matter was pending before a Swiss court prior to the U.S. court entered its proceedings or decided by a Swiss court before the decision of the U.S. court, or (ii) decided by a court in a third country, provided such third country matter was decided prior to the decision of the U.S. court and such third country matter is recognizable in Switzerland;
the enforcement of the judgment by the U.S. court not being manifestly incompatible with Swiss public policy (schweizerischer Ordre public); and
from a Swiss law perspective, such foreign procedure does not formally or functionally qualify as an insolvency-related, administrative or criminal procedure.
Moreover, a Swiss court may reduce the amount of damages granted by a U.S. court and recognize damages only to the extent that they are necessary to compensate actual losses or damages. Enforcement and recognition of judgments of U.S. courts in Switzerland are solely governed by Swiss procedural law. In addition, enforcement of a claim or judgment under Swiss debt collection or bankruptcy proceedings may only be made in Swiss francs and any foreign currency amount must accordingly be converted into Swiss francs in accordance with the applicable rules.
Original actions against persons in Switzerland based solely upon the U.S. federal or state securities laws are governed, among other things, by the principles set forth in the Swiss Federal Act on International Private Law. This statute provides that the application of provisions of non-Swiss law by the courts in Switzerland shall be precluded if the result was incompatible with Swiss public policy (schweizerischer Ordre public). Also, mandatory provisions of Swiss law may be applicable regardless of any other law that would otherwise apply.
Swiss civil procedure differs substantially from U.S. civil procedure in a number of respects. Insofar as the production of evidence is concerned, U.S. law and the laws of several other jurisdictions based on common law provide for pre-trial discovery, a process by which parties to the proceedings may prior to trial compel the
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production of documents by adverse or third parties and the deposition of witnesses. Evidence obtained in this manner may be decisive in the outcome of any proceeding. No such pre-trial discovery process exists under Swiss law. Rather, Swiss civil procedure provides for the possibility for judicial pre-trial proceedings concerning the precautionary production of evidence (vorsorgliche Beweisführung) only in certain circumstances and under certain conditions. In addition, during the main proceedings, a Swiss court would decide upon the claims for which evidence is required from the parties and the related burden of proof.
Our agent for service of process in the United States is VectivBio US, Inc., 60 Broad St. Suite 3502, New York, New York 10004.



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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We file annual and current reports and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Copies of certain information filed by us with the SEC are also available on our website at https://www.vectivbio.com/. Information contained on, or that can be accessible through, our website is not a part of this prospectus and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information in the registration statement. You should review the information and exhibits in the registration statement for further information on us and the securities that we are offering. Forms of any indenture or other documents establishing the terms of the offered securities are filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part or under cover of a Report on Form 6-K and incorporated in this prospectus by reference. Statements in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about these documents are summaries and each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the document to which it refers. You should read the actual documents for a more complete description of the relevant matters.



INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to incorporate by reference much of the information that we file with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those publicly available documents. The information that we incorporate by reference in this prospectus is considered to be part of this prospectus. Because we are incorporating by reference future filings with the SEC, this prospectus is continually updated and those future filings may modify or supersede some of the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any document previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded. This prospectus incorporates by reference the documents listed below and any future filings we make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (in each case, other than those documents or the portions of those documents furnished, rather than filed, and, except as may be noted in any such Form 6-K, exhibits filed on such form that are related to such information), until the offering of the securities under the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is terminated or completed:
our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on April 7, 2022; and
our Report on Form 6-K furnished with the SEC on March 30, 2022 and our Report on Form 6-K/A furnished with the SEC on April 7, 2022.
The description of our ordinary shares contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A, filed with the SEC on April 6, 2021, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating the description.
You can obtain any of the filings incorporated by reference in this prospectus through us or from the SEC through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Our filings with the SEC, including our annual reports on Form 20-F and reports on Form 6-K and exhibits incorporated in and amendments to those reports, are also available free of charge on our website (www.vectivbio.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The reference to our website is an inactive textual reference only, and information contained therein or connected thereto is not incorporated into this prospectus or the registration statement of which it forms a part. We will provide to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom this prospectus is delivered, a copy of any or all the reports or documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus at no cost, upon written or oral request to us at the following address:
VectivBio Holding AG
Aeschenvorstadt 36
4051 Basel, Switzerland
Attn: Investor Relations
+41 61 551 30 30
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VectivBio Holding AG

$200,000,000

Ordinary Shares
Debt Securities
Warrants
Units


PROSPECTUS


May 4, 2022



The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities or accept an offer to buy these securities until the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities, and it is not soliciting offers to buy these securities in any state where such offer or sale is not permitted.
 
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED MAY 4, 2022

PROSPECTUS
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VectivBio Holding AG

Up to $75,000,000

Ordinary Shares 

We have entered into a sales agreement, or the Sales Agreement, with SVB Securities LLC, or SVB Securities, dated May 4, 2022, relating to the sale of our ordinary shares, CHF 0.05 nominal value per share, offered by this prospectus . In accordance with the terms of the Sales Agreement, under this prospectus, we may offer and sell ordinary shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $75,000,000 from time to time through SVB Securities, acting as our sales agent.
Our ordinary shares are traded on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “VECT.” On May 2, 2022, the last reported sale price of our ordinary shares was $5.00 per ordinary share.
Sales of our ordinary shares, if any, under this prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus may be made in one or more transactions, including block transactions, or sales deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. SVB Securities is not required to sell any specific number or dollar amount of securities, but will act as a sales agent using commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices, on mutually agreed terms between SVB Securities and us. There is no arrangement for funds to be received in any escrow, trust or similar arrangement.
The compensation to SVB Securities for sales of ordinary shares sold pursuant to the Sales Agreement will be up to 3.0% of the gross proceeds of any ordinary shares sold under the Sales Agreement. In connection with the sale of the ordinary shares on our behalf, SVB Securities may be deemed to be an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act and the compensation of SVB Securities may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. We have also agreed to provide indemnification and contribution to SVB Securities with respect to certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. See “Plan of Distribution” beginning on page S-14 for additional information regarding SVB Securities’ compensation.
INVESTING IN OUR ORDINARY SHARES INVOLVES SIGNIFICANT RISKS. YOU SHOULD REVIEW CAREFULLY THE “RISK FACTORS” ON PAGE S-5 OF THIS PROSPECTUS AND UNDER SIMILAR HEADINGS IN OTHER DOCUMENTS THAT ARE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS PROSPECTUS CONCERNING FACTORS YOU SHOULD CONSIDER BEFORE INVESTING IN OUR ORDINARY SHARES.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
SVB Securities

The date of this prospectus is May 4, 2022


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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus relates to the offering of our ordinary shares. Before buying any of the ordinary shares that we are offering, we urge you to carefully read this prospectus, the accompanying base prospectus, any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering, and the information incorporated by reference as described under the headings “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation by Reference” in this prospectus. These documents contain important information that you should consider when making your investment decision. Generally, when we refer to this “prospectus,” we are referring to the sales agreement prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus combined.
This prospectus describes the terms of this offering of ordinary shares and also adds to and updates information contained in the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus. To the extent there is a conflict between the information contained in this prospectus, on the one hand, and the information contained in any document incorporated by reference that was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, before the date of this prospectus, on the other hand, you should rely on the information in this prospectus. If any statement in one of these documents is inconsistent with a statement in another document having a later date—for example, a document incorporated by reference into this prospectus—the statement in the document having the later date modifies or supersedes the earlier statement.
We further note that the representations, warranties and covenants made by us in any agreement that is filed as an exhibit to any document that is incorporated by reference herein were made solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreement, including, in some cases, for the purpose of allocating risk among the parties to such agreements, and should not be deemed to be a representation, warranty or covenant to you. Moreover, such representations, warranties or covenants were accurate only as of the date when made. Accordingly, such representations, warranties and covenants should not be relied on as accurately representing the current state of our affairs.
We have not, and SVB Securities has not, authorized anyone to provide you with information different than or inconsistent with the information contained in or incorporated by reference into this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering. We and SVB Securities take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. We are not, and SVB Securities is not, making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and in any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering, is accurate only as of the date of those respective documents, regardless of the time of delivery of those respective documents. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates. You should read this prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering, in their entirety before making an investment decision. You should also read and consider the information in the documents to which we have referred you to in the section of this prospectus titled “Incorporation by Reference.”
We are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, ordinary shares only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. The distribution of this prospectus and the offering of our ordinary shares in certain jurisdictions may be restricted by law. Persons outside the United States who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of our ordinary shares and the distribution of this prospectus outside the United States. This prospectus does not constitute, and may not be used in connection with, an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any securities offered by this prospectus by any person in any jurisdiction in which it is unlawful for such person to make such an offer or solicitation.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
The following summary of our business highlights certain of the information contained elsewhere in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus. This summary does not contain all of the information that may be important to you. You should carefully read this entire prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus, including any information incorporated by reference, which are described under the headings “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation by Reference” herein and therein. In particular, you should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus and in the accompanying base prospectus, as well as those contained in the other documents incorporated by reference and any related free writing prospectus. As used in this prospectus, unless the context otherwise requires, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” “VectivBio,” and “Vectiv” refer to VectivBio Holding AG and its subsidiaries.
Overview
We are a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of life-transforming medicines for patients living with severe rare conditions for which there is a significant unmet medical need. We are led by an experienced management team with a strong track record in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry. Our goal is to become a leading, patient-centric, fully integrated global rare disease company. Our current product pipeline is focused on rare gastrointestinal, or GI, metabolic disorders, and we intend to in-license or acquire additional transformational, differentiated rare disease assets. Our lead product candidate, apraglutide, is a next generation, long-acting synthetic peptide analog of glucagon-like peptide-2, or GLP-2, which we are developing as a differentiated therapeutic for a wide range of rare diseases, with an initial focus on short bowel syndrome, or SBS. Based on our preclinical and clinical data to date, we believe that apraglutide has the potential to advance the treatment of SBS intestinal failure, or SBS-IF, through improved clinical outcomes and less frequent dosing than the only currently approved GLP-2 for SBS-IF. Apraglutide is currently being evaluated in a global Phase 3 clinical trial called STARS for the treatment of patients with SBS-IF, and a global Phase 2 clinical trial called STARGAZE for the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). We also plan to evaluate apraglutide’s therapeutic potential in additional rare GI, liver and other conditions that could benefit from GLP-2 activation. Our pipeline includes a platform of first-in-class preclinical small molecule assets known as Comet for the treatment of rare inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs).
Our product candidate, apraglutide, is a next generation, long-acting, synthetic GLP-2 analog that is designed to increase nutrient absorption in the intestine and reduce the burden of parenteral support, or PS, thereby improving patient quality of life. Apraglutide has been rationally designed to have unique properties to address the known issues with native GLP-2 and teduglutide. In our preclinical studies and completed clinical trials, apraglutide has shown a significantly longer half-life and more consistent on-target drug exposure, potentially allowing for once-weekly dosing versus once-daily dosing for teduglutide, and enhanced trophic effects on the small intestine, when compared to other GLP-2 analogs. We believe that these properties have the potential to translate into increased pharmacological activity and improved patient adherence to treatment relative to other GLP-2 analogs, thereby allowing a subset of patients who currently receive PS to achieve enteral autonomy. In addition, we have designed a development strategy that will allow us to adapt the use of apraglutide to treat different SBS patient subtypes based on their GI anatomy.
We were founded in 2019 through a spin-off, or the Spin-off, of the GLP-2 analog apraglutide program, or the Apraglutide Business, from the rare-disease focused company Therachon Holding AG following its acquisition by Pfizer, for an upfront payment of $340 million and additional milestone payments of up to $470 million. To date, we have raised approximately $144 million in private financings from leading biotechnology investors. Our ordinary shares began trading on the Nasdaq Global Market on April 9, 2021 and we received aggregate gross proceeds from our initial public offering of approximately $154.1 million from leading biotechnology investors, including OrbiMed Advisors, Versant Ventures, Novo Holdings, Bpifrance, Cowen Healthcare Investments, Surveyor Capital (a Citadel company) and Eventide Asset Management.
Corporate Information
We are a Swiss stock corporation incorporated on May 22, 2019, in Switzerland. Our registered office in Switzerland is located at Aeschenvorstadt 36, 4051 Basel, Switzerland and the telephone number of our registered office is +41 61 551 30 30. Our agent for service of process in the United States is VectivBio US, Inc., 60 Broad St. Suite 3502, New York, New York 10004. Our website address is www.vectivbio.com. Information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not a part of, and shall not be incorporated by reference into, this prospectus. We have included our website address in this document solely as an inactive textual reference.
We are an emerging growth company, or EGC, as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, as amended, or the JOBS Act, enacted in April 2012. For as long as we continue to be an EGC, we may take
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advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not EGCs, including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding nonbinding advisory votes on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We will remain an EGC until the earliest to occur of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have at least $1.07 billion in annual revenue; (2) the date we qualify as a “large accelerated filer,” with at least $700.0 million of equity securities held by non-affiliates; (3) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period; and (4) December 31, 2025.
Under the JOBS Act, EGCs can also delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. For as long as we continue to be an EGC, we have elected to use the extended transition period to enable us to comply with new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, we will adopt new or revised accounting standards at the time private companies adopt the new or revised accounting standard and will do so until such time that we either (i) irrevocably elect to “opt out” of such extended transition period or (ii) no longer qualify as an EGC.


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THE OFFERING

Ordinary shares offered by us    Ordinary shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $75,000,000.
Plan of Distribution    “At the market offering” that may be made from time to time through our sales agent, SVB Securities at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, or at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices relating to the prevailing market prices, including in block transactions. See “Plan of Distribution” on page S-14.
Use of Proceeds    We currently anticipate that we will use the net proceeds from this offering, together with our existing cash, cash equivalents and short-term marketable securities, for pipeline development, general corporate purposes and working capital. See “Use of Proceeds” on page S-9.
Risk Factors    Investing in our ordinary shares involves significant risks. You should read the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus for a discussion of factors to consider before deciding to purchase our ordinary shares.
Nasdaq Global Market symbol    VECT



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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our ordinary shares involves a high degree of risk. Before making a decision to invest in our ordinary shares, you should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus, including the risk factors listed below and the ones incorporated by reference herein from our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, or Annual Report, as may be updated by our subsequent annual reports and other filings we make with the SEC. The risks described in these documents are not the only ones we face. There may be other unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that could harm our future results. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be harmed. This could cause the trading price of our ordinary shares to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. Please also read carefully the section below titled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
Risks Related to This Offering
We will have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.
Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from this offering, including for any of the purposes described in the section titled “Use of Proceeds,” and you will be relying on the judgment of our management regarding the application of these proceeds. You will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the net proceeds are being used effectively. Our management might not apply the net proceeds in ways that ultimately increase or maintain the value of your investment. If we do not invest or apply the net proceeds from this offering in ways that enhance stockholder value, we may fail to achieve expected financial results, which could cause our stock price to decline. In addition, our failure to effectively apply the net proceeds from this offering could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.
If you purchase our ordinary shares in this offering, you will incur immediate and substantial dilution in the net tangible book value of your ordinary shares.
The offering price per ordinary share in this offering may exceed the net tangible book value per ordinary share of our ordinary shares outstanding prior to this offering. Assuming that an aggregate of 15,000,000 ordinary shares are sold at a price of $5.00 per ordinary share, the last reported sale price of our ordinary shares on the Nasdaq Global Market on May 2, 2022, for aggregate gross proceeds of $75,000,000, and after deducting commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, you would experience immediate dilution of $1.82 per ordinary share, representing the difference between our as adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share as of December 31, 2021 after giving effect to this offering and the assumed offering price. The exercise of outstanding options and warrants, as well as the conversion of existing convertible loans, would result in further dilution of your investment. See the section titled “Dilution” below for a more detailed illustration of the dilution you would incur if you participate in this offering. Because the sales of the ordinary shares offered hereby will be made directly into the market, the prices at which we sell these ordinary shares will vary and these variations may be significant. Purchasers of the ordinary shares we sell, as well as our existing shareholders, will experience significant dilution if we sell ordinary shares at prices significantly below the price at which they invested.
You may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings.
In order to raise additional capital, we expect to in the future offer additional ordinary shares or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our ordinary shares. We cannot assure you that we will be able to sell ordinary shares or other securities in any other offering at a price per ordinary share that is equal to or greater than the price per ordinary share paid by investors in this offering, and investors purchasing ordinary shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing shareholders. The price per ordinary share at which we sell additional ordinary shares or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our ordinary shares in future transactions may be higher or lower than the price per ordinary share in this offering.
The actual number of ordinary shares we will issue under the sales agreement in this offering, at any one time or in total, is uncertain.
Subject to certain limitations in the sales agreement and compliance with applicable law, we have the discretion to deliver a placement notice to SVB Securities at any time throughout the term of the offering under this prospectus. The number of ordinary shares that are sold by SVB Securities after delivering a placement notice will fluctuate based on the market price of the ordinary shares during the sales period and limits we set with SVB
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Securities. Because the price per ordinary share of each ordinary share sold will fluctuate based on the market price of our ordinary shares during the sales period, it is not possible at this stage to predict the number of ordinary shares that will be ultimately issued or the gross proceeds to be raised in connection with those sales.
Future sales or issuances of our ordinary shares in the public markets, or the perception of such sales, could depress the trading price of our ordinary shares.
The sale of a substantial number of our ordinary shares or other equity-related securities in the public markets, or the perception that such sales could occur, could depress the market price of our ordinary shares and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. We may sell large quantities of our ordinary shares at any time pursuant to this prospectus or in one or more separate offerings. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of ordinary shares or other equity-related securities would have on the market price of our ordinary shares.
The ordinary shares offered hereby will be sold in “at the market offerings” and investors who buy ordinary shares at different times will likely pay different prices.
Investors who purchase ordinary shares in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices, and so may experience different outcomes in their investment results. We will have discretion, subject to market demand, to vary the timing, prices, and numbers of ordinary shares sold, and there is no predetermined minimum or maximum sales price. Investors may experience a decline in the value of their ordinary shares as a result of ordinary share sales made at prices lower than the prices they paid.
Our ordinary share price is and may continue to be volatile and you may not be able to resell our securities at or above the price you paid.
The market price for our ordinary shares is volatile and may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, most of which we cannot control, such as fluctuations in financial results, our ability to advance the development of our product candidates or changes in securities analysts’ recommendations. In addition, our ordinary shares have been and may continue to be affected by limited trading volume. Each of these factors, among others, could harm your investment in our ordinary shares and could result in you being unable to resell the ordinary shares that you purchased at a price equal to or above the price you paid.


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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus, including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus and the accompanying base prospectus, contain forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy, development plans, ongoing and planned future preclinical studies and clinical trials, future results of ongoing and planned future clinical trials, expected research and development costs, regulatory strategy, timing and likelihood of success, as well as plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, investors can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “could,” “intend,” “target,” “project,” “contemplate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. Forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus include, but are not limited to, statements about:
the ability of our clinical trials to demonstrate acceptable safety and efficacy of our product candidates;
the timing, progress and results of clinical trials for our product candidates, including statements regarding the timing of initiation and completion of studies or trials and related preparatory work, the period during which the results of the trials will become available, and our research and development programs;
the timing, scope and likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals;
our ability to obtain marketing approvals of our product candidates and to meet existing or future regulatory standards or comply with post-approval requirements;
our expectations regarding our ability to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements with our cash and cash equivalents and net proceeds of this offering;
future milestone or royalty payments to or from our licensing partners or other third-parties, and the expected timing of such payments;
our expectations regarding the potential market size and the size of the patient populations for our product candidates, if approved for commercial use;
our expectations regarding the potential advantages of apraglutide over existing therapies for short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure, or SBS-IF, and our expectations regarding potential uses of apraglutide to treat other indications;
developments and projections relating to our competitors and our industry, including competing therapies;
the impact of COVID-19 on our business, operations and prospects and on our clinical trials;
our potential to enter into new collaborations;
our expectations with regard to our ability to develop additional product candidates or leverage our current product candidates for other indications, and our ability to identify additional products, product candidates or technologies with significant commercial potential that are consistent with our commercial objectives;
our ability to develop, acquire and advance additional product candidates into, and successfully complete, clinical trials;
the commercialization and market acceptance of our product candidates;
our marketing and manufacturing capabilities or those of third parties with which we contract;
our ability to operate our businesses without infringing the intellectual property rights and proprietary technology of third parties;
the scope of protection we are able to establish and maintain for intellectual property rights covering our product candidates;
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estimates of our expenses, future revenue, capital requirements, our needs for additional financing and our ability to obtain additional capital;
regulatory development in the United States, Europe and other jurisdictions;
our ability to effectively manage our anticipated growth;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;
our expectations regarding the time during which we will be an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act and continue to qualify as a foreign private issuer; and
our anticipated use of our existing resources and the net proceeds from this offering.
We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about our business, the industry in which we operate and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects, and these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or development. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this prospectus and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this prospectus. Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, investors should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Except as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein until after we distribute this prospectus, whether as a result of any new information, future events or otherwise.
In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as of the date of this prospectus, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.


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USE OF PROCEEDS

We may issue and sell ordinary shares having aggregate sales proceeds of up to $75,000,000 from time to time. Because there is no minimum offering price for the ordinary shares that we may offer from time to time, the actual total public offering amount, commissions and proceeds to us, if any, are not determinable at this time. There can be no assurance that we will sell any ordinary shares under or fully utilize the sales agreement with SVB Securities as a source of financing.
We currently intend to use any net proceeds from this offering, together with our existing cash and cash equivalents for pipeline development, general corporate purposes, and working capital. The amounts and timing of our actual expenditures will depend on numerous factors, including our development efforts with respect to our product candidates, as well as the amount of cash used in our operations. We therefore cannot estimate with certainty the amount of net proceeds to be used for the purposes described above. We may find it necessary or advisable to use the net proceeds for other purposes, and we will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds. Pending these uses, we intend to invest any net proceeds in short- and intermediate-term, interest-bearing obligations, investment-grade instruments, certificates of deposit or direct or guaranteed obligations.


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CAPITALIZATION
The table below sets forth our cash and cash equivalents and capitalization as of December 31, 2021, the latest date for which we have audited financial statements and the information below available to us. The following information should be read in conjunction with the consolidated and carve-out financial statements and related notes incorporated by reference in this prospectus. For more details on how you can obtain the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation by Reference.”

As of December 31, 2021
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$102,707
Convertible loans, short- and long-term                                                                -
Shareholders’ equity:
Ordinary share capital, CHF 0.05 nominal value per share; 35,973,339 ordinary shares issued and outstanding
$1,900
Warrants-
Reserves246,815
Accumulated Losses(132,716)
Total equity115,999
Total capitalization115,999

The number of ordinary shares outstanding as of December 31, 2021 was 35,973,339, which excludes:
3,841,800 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding under our equity incentive plans as of December 31, 2021, with a weighted average exercise price of approximately $3.31 per share;
580,453 ordinary shares issuable upon vesting of RSUs issued under our equity incentive plans as of December 31, 2021;
1,873,300 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of options issued after December 31, 2021 under our 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, with a weighted-average exercise price of approximately $5.59 per share;
662,374 ordinary shares we hold in treasury; and
324,190 ordinary shares issuable upon outstanding warrants issued to Kreos Capital after December 31, 2021 at an exercise price of $5.5243 per share.



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DIVIDEND POLICY

Since our incorporation, we have never declared or paid a dividend, and we do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings, if any, to fund the development and expansion of our business. As a result, investors in our ordinary shares will benefit in the foreseeable future only if our ordinary shares appreciate in value. Any future determination related to dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon, among other factors, our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, business prospects and other factors our board of directors may deem relevant.

Under Swiss law, any dividend must be proposed by our board of directors or, to the extent permitted by, and subject to the requirements of, applicable law and our articles of association, one or several shareholders and be approved at a general meeting of shareholders. In addition, our auditors must confirm that the dividend proposal of our board of directors conforms to Swiss statutory law and our articles of association. We may pay dividends only if we have sufficient distributable profits brought forward from the previous financial years (Bilanzgewinn) or if we have distributable reserves, each as evidenced by our audited stand-alone statutory balance sheet prepared pursuant to Swiss law and after allocations to reserves required by Swiss law or our articles of association have been deducted. Distributable reserves are generally booked either as voluntary “retained earnings” (freiwillige Gewinnreserven), as statutory “retained earnings” (gesetzliche Gewinnreserve), as statutory capital reserves (gesetzliche Kapitalreserve) or as reserves from capital contributions (Kapitaleinlagereserven). Distributions out of issued share capital, which is the aggregate nominal value of a corporation’s issued shares, may be made only by way of a share capital reduction. See the section of this prospectus entitled “Description of Share Capital and Articles of Association—Dividends and Other Distributions.”

The Company is a holding company with no material direct operations. As a result, we are largely dependent on dividends or other distributions from our subsidiaries in order to pay a dividend to our shareholders. Our subsidiaries are subject to legal requirements of their respective jurisdictions of incorporation that may restrict them from paying dividends or making other distributions to the Company. Accordingly, investors cannot rely on dividend income from our ordinary shares and any returns on an investment in our ordinary shares will likely depend entirely upon any future appreciation in the price of our ordinary shares.



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DILUTION
    
If you invest in our ordinary shares, your interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the price per ordinary share of our ordinary shares you pay in this offering and the as adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share of our ordinary shares immediately after this offering.

Our net tangible book value as of December 31, 2021 was approximately $89,952,000, or $2.50 per ordinary share. Net tangible book value per ordinary share represents the amount of our total consolidated tangible assets, less the amount of our total consolidated liabilities, divided by the number of ordinary shares outstanding as of December 31, 2021. Dilution in net tangible book value per ordinary share represents the difference between the amount per ordinary share paid by purchasers of ordinary shares in this offering and the as adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share of our ordinary shares immediately after giving effect to this offering.
After giving effect to the sale of our ordinary shares in the aggregate amount of $75,000,000 in this offering at an assumed offering price of $5.00, the last reported sale price of our ordinary shares on the Nasdaq Global Market on May 2, 2022, and after deducting commissions and estimated aggregate offering expenses payable by us, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of December 31, 2021 would have been approximately $162,332,000, or $3.18 per ordinary share. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $0.68 per ordinary share to existing shareholders and immediate dilution in net tangible book value of $1.82 per ordinary share to new investors purchasing our ordinary shares in this offering.
The following table illustrates this dilution on a per ordinary share basis. The as adjusted information is illustrative only and will adjust based on the actual price to the public, the actual number of ordinary shares sold and other terms of the offering determined at the time ordinary shares are sold pursuant to this prospectus. The ordinary shares sold in this offering, if any, will be sold from time to time at various prices.

Assumed public offering price per ordinary share$5.00 
Net tangible book value per ordinary share as of December 31, 2021$2.50 
Increase in net tangible book value per ordinary share attributable to this offering$0.68 
As adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share after this offering
$3.18 
Dilution per ordinary share to investors participating in the offering$1.82 

The ordinary shares subject to the Sales Agreement are being sold from time to time at various prices. An increase of $1.00 per ordinary share in the price at which the ordinary shares are sold from the assumed offering price of $5.00 per ordinary share shown in the table above, assuming all of our ordinary shares in the aggregate amount of $75,000,000 during the term of the sales agreement with SVB Securities is sold at that price, would increase our adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share after the offering to $3.47 per ordinary share and would increase the dilution in net tangible book value per ordinary share to new investors in this offering to $2.53 per ordinary share, after deducting commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. A decrease of $1.00 per ordinary share in the price at which the ordinary shares are sold from the assumed offering price of $5.00 per ordinary share shown in the table above, assuming all of our ordinary shares in the amount of $75,000,000 during the term of the sales agreement with SVB Securities is sold at that price, would decrease our adjusted net tangible book value per ordinary share after the offering to $2.90 per ordinary share and would decrease the dilution in net tangible book value per ordinary share to new investors in this offering to $1.10 per ordinary share, after deducting commissions and estimated aggregate offering expenses payable by us. This information is supplied for illustrative purposes only and may differ based on the actual offering price and the actual number of ordinary shares offered.
The foregoing table and calculations are based on 35,973,339 ordinary shares outstanding as of December 31, 2021, and excludes:
3,841,800 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of options outstanding under our equity incentive plans as of December 31, 2021, with a weighted average exercise price of approximately $3.31 per share;
580,453 ordinary shares issuable upon vesting of RSUs issued under our equity incentive plans as of December 31, 2021;
1,873,300 ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of options issued after December 31, 2021 under our 2021 Equity Incentive Plan, with a weighted-average exercise price of approximately $5.59 per share;
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662,374 ordinary shares we hold in treasury; and
324,190 ordinary shares issuable upon outstanding warrants issued to Kreos Capital after December 31, 2021 at an exercise price of $5.5243 per share.
Unless otherwise indicated, all information in this prospectus assumes no exercise of outstanding options or warrants and no vesting of restricted share units after December 31, 2021.
To the extent that outstanding options and warrants are exercised, restricted share units vest, or new options or restricted share units are issued under our share-based compensation plans, investors purchasing our ordinary shares in this offering will experience further dilution. In addition, we may choose to raise additional capital due to market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the issuance of these securities could result in further dilution to our shareholders.


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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We have entered into a Sales Agreement with SVB Securities under which we may issue and sell up to $75,000,000 of ordinary shares from time to time through SVB Securities as our sales agent. Sales of our ordinary shares, if any, will be made in one or more transactions, including block transactions, or by any method that is deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, including sales made directly on or through the Nasdaq Global Market, on or through any other existing trading market for the ordinary shares or to or through a market maker.

The ordinary shares may be sold at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, or at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices relating to the prevailing market prices. SVB Securities will offer our ordinary shares subject to the terms and conditions of the Sales Agreement on a daily basis or as otherwise agreed upon by us and SVB Securities. We will designate the maximum number or amount of ordinary shares to be sold through SVB Securities on a daily basis or otherwise determine such maximum number or amount together with SVB Securities. Subject to the terms and conditions of the Sales Agreement, SVB Securities will use commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices to sell on our behalf all of the ordinary shares requested to be sold by us. We may instruct SVB Securities not to sell ordinary shares if the sales cannot be effected at or above a minimum price designated by us in any such instruction. Under the terms of the Sales Agreement, we may also sell our ordinary shares to SVB Securities as principal, at a price per share to be agreed upon at the time of sale. If we sell our ordinary shares to SVB Securities as principal, we will enter into a separate terms agreement and we will describe the terms of the offering of those our ordinary shares in a separate prospectus supplement. SVB Securities or we may suspend the offering of our ordinary shares being made through SVB Securities under the Sales Agreement upon proper notice to the other party. SVB Securities and we each have the right, by giving written notice as specified in the Sales Agreement, to terminate the Sales Agreement in each party’s sole discretion at any time. The offering of our ordinary shares pursuant to the Sales Agreement will otherwise terminate upon the termination of the Sales Agreement as provided therein.

The compensation payable to SVB Securities as sales agent will be an amount up to 3.0% of the gross proceeds of any ordinary shares sold through it pursuant to the Sales Agreement. We have also agreed to reimburse SVB Securities for certain actual outside legal expenses incurred by SVB Securities in connection with this offering, including SVB Securities’ counsel fees in an amount up to $50,000, plus an additional amount of up to $15,000 to 25,000 in connection with each diligence bring-down thereafter. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5110 these reimbursed fees and expenses are deemed sales compensation to SVB Securities in connection with this offering. We estimate that the total expenses of the offering payable by us, excluding commissions payable to SVB Securities under the Sales Agreement, will be approximately $370,000.

The remaining sales proceeds, after deducting any expenses payable by us and any transaction fees imposed by any governmental, regulatory or self-regulatory organization in connection with the sales of our ordinary shares, will equal our net proceeds for the sale of such ordinary shares. SVB Securities will provide written confirmation to us no later than the next succeeding trading day on the Nasdaq Global Market after each day on which ordinary shares is sold through it as sales agent under the Sales Agreement. Each confirmation will include the number or amount of shares sold through it as sales agent on that day, the volume weighted average price of the shares sold, the percentage of the daily trading volume and the net proceeds to us from such sales. We will report at least semi-annually the number of ordinary shares sold through SVB Securities under the Sales Agreement, the net proceeds to us and the compensation paid by us to SVB Securities in connection with the sales of ordinary shares during the relevant period.

Settlement for sales of ordinary shares will occur, unless the parties agree otherwise, on the second trading day following the date on which any sales were made in return for payment of the net proceeds to us. There is no arrangement for funds to be received in an escrow, trust or similar arrangement.

In connection with the sale of the ordinary shares on our behalf pursuant to the Sales Agreement, SVB Securities may be deemed to be an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act and the compensation paid to SVB Securities may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. We have agreed in the Sales Agreement to provide indemnification and contribution to SVB Securities with respect to certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act. As sales agent, SVB Securities will not engage in any transactions that stabilize our ordinary shares.

Our ordinary shares is listed and traded on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “VECT.” The transfer agent and registrar for our ordinary shares is Computershare Trust Company, N.A.

SVB SECURITIES AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAVE PROVIDED, AND MAY IN THE FUTURE PROVIDE, VARIOUS INVESTMENT BANKING AND OTHER FINANCIAL SERVICES FOR US FOR
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WHICH SERVICES THEY HAVE RECEIVED, AND MAY IN THE FUTURE RECEIVE, CUSTOMARY FEES.

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MATERIAL UNITED STATES FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS FOR U.S. HOLDERS

The following discussion describes certain material U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to the ownership and disposition of ordinary shares by U.S. holders (as defined below). This summary applies to U.S. holders that hold our ordinary shares as capital assets. This summary is based on the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, U.S. Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder and administrative and judicial interpretations thereof, all as in effect on the date hereof and all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect. This discussion does not address all of the U.S. federal income tax considerations that may be relevant to specific U.S. holders in light of their particular circumstances, or to U.S. holders subject to special treatment under U.S. federal income tax laws (such as certain financial institutions, insurance companies, broker-dealers and traders in securities or other persons that generally mark their securities to market for U.S. federal income tax purposes, tax-exempt entities, retirement plans, regulated investment companies, real estate investment trusts, certain former citizens, expatriates or long-term residents of the United States, persons that hold ordinary shares as part of a “straddle,” “hedge,” “conversion transaction,” “synthetic security” or integrated investment, persons deemed to sell our shares under the constructive sale provisions of the Code, persons who hold or receive our shares pursuant to the exercise of any employee stock option or otherwise as compensation, persons that have a “functional currency” other than the U.S. dollar, persons that own directly, indirectly or through attribution 10% or more of the voting power or value of our shares, corporations that accumulate earnings to avoid U.S. federal income tax, partnerships and other pass-through entities (or arrangements treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes), and investors in such pass-through entities). This summary does not address any U.S. state or local tax consequences, non-U.S. tax consequences or any U.S. federal estate, gift or alternative minimum tax consequences, the application of special tax accounting rules under Section 451(b) of the Code or the Medicare contribution tax on net investment income.
As used in this discussion, the term “U.S. holder” means a beneficial owner of ordinary shares that is, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, or is treated as: (1) an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States, (2) a corporation (or entity treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof, or the District of Columbia, (3) an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income tax regardless of its source or (4) a trust (x) with respect to which a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over its administration and one or more United States persons have the authority to control all of its substantial decisions or (y) that has elected under applicable U.S. Treasury regulations to be treated as a domestic trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
If an entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes holds ordinary shares, the U.S. federal income tax consequences relating to an investment in the ordinary shares will depend in part upon the status and activities of such entity or arrangement and the particular partner. Any such entity or arrangement and a partner of any such entity should consult its tax advisor regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences applicable to it (and, as applicable, its partners) of the purchase, ownership and disposition of ordinary shares.
Persons considering an investment in ordinary shares should consult their tax advisors as to the particular tax consequences applicable to them relating to the purchase, ownership and disposition of ordinary shares, including the applicability of U.S. federal, state and local tax laws and non-U.S. tax laws.
Passive foreign investment company consequences
In general, a corporation organized outside the United States will be treated as a passive foreign investment company, or a PFIC, for any taxable year in which, after applying certain look-through rules, either (1) at least 75% of its gross income is “passive income”, or (2) on average at least 50% of the value of its assets, determined on the basis of a quarterly average, are assets that produce passive income or are held for the production of passive income. Passive income for this purpose generally includes, among other things, dividends, interest, royalties, rents, and gains from the sale or exchange of property that gives rise to passive income. Assets that produce or are held for the production of passive income generally include cash, even if held as working capital or raised in a public offering, marketable securities, and other assets that may produce passive income. Generally, in determining whether a non-U.S. corporation is a PFIC, a proportionate share of the income and assets of each corporation in which it owns, directly or indirectly, at least a 25% interest (by value) is taken into account.
Our status as a PFIC will depend on the nature and composition of our income, and the nature, composition and value of our assets from time to time. We have not yet determined whether we expect to be a PFIC for the current taxable year, but based on the nature of our income and the estimated value and composition of our assets, we do not believe we were a PFIC during the taxable year ended December 31, 2021. Because we may hold a substantial amount of cash and cash equivalents, and because the calculation of the value of our assets may be based in part on the value of our ordinary shares, which may fluctuate considerably, we may be a PFIC in the current taxable year or future taxable years. Even if we determine that we are not a PFIC for a taxable year, there can be no assurance that the IRS will agree with our conclusion or that the IRS would not successfully challenge our position. Our status as a PFIC is a fact-intensive determination made on an annual basis applying principles and methodologies that are
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unclear in some respects and subject to varying interpretations. In particular, the characterization of our assets as active or passive may depend in part on our current and intended future business plans, which are subject to change. The composition of our income and assets also is affected by how, and how quickly, we spend the cash we raise in any offering, including our initial public offering.
If we are a PFIC in any taxable year during which a U.S. holder owns ordinary shares, the U.S. holder could be liable for additional taxes and interest charges under the “PFIC excess distribution regime” upon (1) a distribution paid during a taxable year that is greater than 125% of the average annual distributions paid in the three preceding taxable years, or, if shorter, the U.S. holder’s holding period for the ordinary shares, and (2) any gain recognized on a sale, exchange or other disposition, including a pledge, of the ordinary shares, whether or not we continue to be a PFIC. Under the PFIC excess distribution regime, the tax on such distribution or gain would be determined by allocating the distribution or gain ratably over the U.S. holder’s holding period for the ordinary shares. The amount allocated to the current taxable year (i.e., the year in which the distribution occurs or the gain is recognized) and any year prior to the first taxable year in which we are a PFIC will be taxed as ordinary income earned in the current taxable year. The amount allocated to other taxable years will be taxed at the highest marginal rates in effect for individuals or corporations, as applicable, to ordinary income for each such taxable year, and an interest charge, generally applicable to underpayments of tax, will be added to the tax.
If we are a PFIC for any year during which a U.S. holder holds ordinary shares, we must generally continue to be treated as a PFIC by that holder for all succeeding years during which the U.S. holder holds the ordinary shares, unless we cease to meet the requirements for PFIC status and the U.S. holder makes a “deemed sale” election with respect to the ordinary shares. If the election is made, the U.S. holder will be deemed to sell the ordinary shares it holds at their fair market value on the last day of the last taxable year in which we qualified as a PFIC which may result in recognition of gain (but not loss) taxable under the PFIC excess distribution regime without the receipt of any corresponding cash. After the deemed sale election, the U.S. holder’s ordinary shares would not be treated as shares of a PFIC unless we subsequently again become a PFIC.
If we are a PFIC for any taxable year during which a U.S. holder holds ordinary shares and one of our subsidiaries or other entity in which we held a direct or indirect equity interest is also a PFIC (i.e., a Lower-tier PFIC), such U.S. holder would be treated as owning a proportionate amount (by value) of the shares of the Lower-tier PFIC and would be subject to U.S. federal income tax under the PFIC excess distribution regime on certain distributions by the lower-tier PFIC and on gain from the disposition of shares of the lower-tier PFIC even though such U.S. holder would not receive the proceeds of those distributions or dispositions. Each U.S. holder is advised to consult its tax advisors regarding the application of the PFIC rules to our non-U.S. subsidiaries.
If we are a PFIC, a U.S. holder will not be subject to tax under the PFIC excess distribution regime on distributions or gain recognized on ordinary shares if such U.S. holder makes a valid “mark-to-market” election for our ordinary shares. A mark-to-market election is available to a U.S. holder only for “marketable stock.” Our ordinary shares will be marketable stock as long as they remain listed on The Nasdaq Global Market or other “qualified exchange” and are regularly traded, other than in de minimis quantities, on at least 15 days during each calendar quarter. If a mark-to-market election is in effect, a U.S. holder generally would take into account, as ordinary income each year, the excess of the fair market value of ordinary shares held at the end of such taxable year over the adjusted tax basis of such ordinary shares. The U.S. holder also would take into account, as an ordinary loss each year, the excess of the adjusted tax basis of such ordinary shares over their fair market value at the end of the taxable year, but only to the extent of the excess of amounts previously included in income over ordinary losses deducted as a result of the mark-to-market election. The U.S. holder’s tax basis in ordinary shares would be adjusted to reflect any income or loss recognized as a result of the mark-to-market election. Any gain from a sale, exchange or other disposition of ordinary shares in any taxable year in which we are a PFIC would be treated as ordinary income and any loss from such sale, exchange or other disposition would be treated first as ordinary loss (to the extent of any net mark-to-market gains previously included in income) and thereafter as capital loss. If, after having been a PFIC for one or more taxable years, we cease to be classified as a PFIC for the remainder of a U.S. holder’s holding period in ordinary shares, the U.S. holder would not be required to take into account any unrecognized gain or loss in the manner described above and any subsequently recognized gain or loss would be subject to tax as described below “—Sale, Exchange or Other Disposition of Ordinary Shares.”
A mark-to-market election will not apply to ordinary shares for any taxable year during which we are not a PFIC, but will remain in effect with respect to any subsequent taxable year in which we become a PFIC. Such election will not apply to our subsidiaries. Accordingly, a U.S. holder may continue to be subject to tax under the PFIC excess distribution regime with respect to any Lower-tier PFICs notwithstanding the U.S. holder’s mark-to-market election for the ordinary shares.
The tax consequences that would apply if we are a PFIC would also be different from those described above if a U.S. holder were able to make a valid qualified electing fund, or a QEF, election. At this time we do not expect to provide U.S. holders with the information necessary for a U.S. holder to make a QEF election, and prospective investors should assume that a QEF election will not be available.
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Each U.S. person that is a shareholder of a PFIC is generally required to file an annual information return on IRS Form 8621 containing such information as the U.S. Treasury Department may require. The failure to file IRS Form 8621 could result in the imposition of penalties and the extension of the statute of limitations with respect to U.S. federal income tax.
The U.S. federal income tax rules relating to PFICs are very complex. Prospective U.S. holders are strongly urged to consult their tax advisors with respect to the impact of PFIC status on the purchase, ownership and disposition of ordinary shares, the consequences to them of an investment in a PFIC, any elections available with respect to the ordinary shares and the IRS information reporting obligations with respect to the purchase, ownership and disposition of ordinary shares.
Distributions
We currently do not expect to make distributions on our ordinary shares. Subject to the discussion above under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Consequences,” a U.S. holder that receives a distribution with respect to ordinary shares generally will be required to include the gross amount of such distribution in gross income as a dividend when actually or constructively received to the extent of the U.S. holder’s pro rata share of our current and/or accumulated earnings and profits (as determined under U.S. federal income tax principles). To the extent a distribution received by a U.S. holder is not a dividend because it exceeds the U.S. holder’s pro rata share of our current and accumulated earnings and profits, it will be treated first as a tax-free return of capital and reduce (but not below zero) the adjusted tax basis of the U.S. holder’s ordinary shares. To the extent the distribution exceeds the adjusted tax basis of the U.S. holder’s ordinary shares, the remainder will be taxed as capital gain. Because we do not expect to account for our earnings and profits in accordance with U.S. federal income tax principles, U.S. holders should expect all distributions to be reported to them as dividends. Distributions on ordinary shares that are treated as dividends generally will constitute income from sources outside the United States for foreign tax credit purposes and generally will constitute passive category income. If any foreign withholding tax is imposed on dividends paid on ordinary shares, U.S. holders may be eligible for a foreign tax credit against such U.S. holder’s federal income tax liability, or an itemized deduction in lieu of a foreign tax credit. Such dividends will not be eligible for the “dividends received” deduction generally allowed to corporate shareholders with respect to dividends received from U.S. corporations.
Dividends paid by a “qualified foreign corporation” are eligible for taxation at a reduced capital gains rate rather than the marginal tax rates generally applicable to ordinary income provided that certain requirements are met. A non-United States corporation (other than a corporation that is classified as a PFIC with respect to the U.S. holder for the taxable year in which the dividend is paid or the preceding taxable year) generally will be considered to be a qualified foreign corporation (a) if it is eligible for the benefits of a comprehensive tax treaty with the United States that the Secretary of Treasury of the United States determines is satisfactory for this purpose and that includes an exchange of information provision, or (b) with respect to any dividend it pays on shares that are readily tradable on an established securities market in the United States. We believe that the Company qualifies as a resident of Switzerland for purposes of, and are eligible for the benefits of, the Convention between the United States of America and the Swiss Confederation for the Avoidance of Double Taxation with Respect to Taxes on Income, signed October 2, 1996, as amended and currently in force, or the Treaty. We also believe that the Treaty should be treated as satisfying conditions described in clause (a) above, although there can be no assurance in this regard. Further, our ordinary shares will be listed on the Nasdaq Global Market, which is an established securities market in the United States, and we expect the ordinary shares to be readily tradable on the Nasdaq Global Market, although there can be no assurance in this regard. Subject to the discussion above under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Consequences,” if the Treaty is applicable, or if the ordinary shares are readily tradable on an established securities market in the United States, dividends paid on ordinary shares generally will be “qualified dividend income” in the hands of individual U.S. holders, provided that certain conditions are met, including certain holding period requirements and the absence of certain risk reduction transactions. Each U.S. holder is urged to consult its tax advisors regarding the availability of the reduced tax rate on dividends with regard to its particular circumstances.
Sale or other taxable disposition of ordinary shares
Subject to the discussion above under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Consequences,” a U.S. holder generally will recognize capital gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes upon the sale or other taxable disposition of ordinary shares in an amount equal to the difference, if any, between the amount realized (i.e., the amount of cash plus the fair market value of any property received) on the sale, exchange or other disposition and such U.S. holder’s adjusted tax basis in the ordinary shares. Such capital gain or loss generally will be long-term capital gain taxable at a reduced rate for non-corporate U.S. holders, or long-term capital loss if, on the date of sale or other taxable disposition, the ordinary shares were held by the U.S. holder for more than one year. Any capital gain of a non-corporate U.S. holder that is not long-term capital gain is taxed at ordinary income rates. The deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations. Any gain or loss recognized from the sale or other disposition
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of ordinary shares will generally be gain or loss from sources within the United States for U.S. foreign tax credit purposes.
Information reporting and backup withholding
U.S. holders may be required to file certain U.S. information reporting returns with the IRS with respect to an investment in ordinary shares, including, among others, IRS Form 8938 (Statement of Specified Foreign Financial Assets). As described above under “—Passive Foreign Investment Company Consequences”, each U.S. holder who is a shareholder of a PFIC must file an annual report containing certain information.
Dividends on and proceeds from the sale or other disposition of ordinary shares may be reported to the IRS unless the U.S. holder establishes a basis for exemption. Backup withholding may apply to amounts subject to reporting if the U.S. holder:
1. fails to provide an accurate United States taxpayer identification number or otherwise establish a basis for exemption, or
2. is described in certain other categories of persons.
However, U.S. holders that are corporations generally are excluded from these information reporting and backup withholding tax rules. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. Any amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules generally will be allowed as a refund or a credit against a U.S. holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability if the required information is furnished by the U.S. holder on a timely basis to the IRS.
U.S. holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the backup withholding tax and information reporting rules.
THIS SUMMARY OF CERTAIN U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS IS FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY AND IS NOT TAX ADVICE. YOU SHOULD CONSULT YOUR TAX ADVISOR WITH RESPECT TO THE APPLICATION OF U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX LAWS TO YOUR PARTICULAR SITUATION AS WELL AS ANY TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE PURCHASE, OWNERSHIP, AND DISPOSITION OF ORDINARY SHARES ARISING UNDER U.S. FEDERAL ESTATE OR GIFT TAX RULES OR UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY STATE, LOCAL, NON-U.S. OR ANY OTHER TAXING JURISDICTION.


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SWISS TAX IMPLICATIONS

The following summary contains a description of the principal Swiss income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our shares, but it does not purport to be a comprehensive description of all of the tax considerations that may be relevant to a decision to own or dispose of Shares. In particular, the summary is directed only to holders that hold our ordinary shares, or Shares, as capital assets and does not address tax considerations applicable to investors that may be subject to special tax rules, such as banks, tax-exempt entities, insurance companies, dealers in securities or currencies, persons that actually or constructively own a participation in our share capital that qualifies for reduced taxation, persons that hold Shares as a position in a “straddle” or “conversion” transaction, or as part of a “synthetic security” or other integrated financial transaction, persons that own or are treated as owning 10% or more of our share capital by vote or value, or persons that have a “functional currency” other than Swiss franc.
This summary is based on the current tax laws of Switzerland, including the Treaty, the “Agreement on the Automatic Exchange of Information in Tax Matters with the European Union” and similar bilateral treaties with partner states, all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect.
Swiss federal withholding tax on dividends and similar distributions
Dividends on Shares made or paid by us out of capital contribution reserves (Reserven aus Kapitaleinlagen), distributions on Shares made or paid by us based upon a reduction of nominal value of Shares (Nennwertherabsetzung) and purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction booked against capital contribution reserves and nominal value of Shares are exempt from Swiss federal withholding tax. Dividends and other cash or in-kind distributions (including scrip or stock dividends) on Shares made or paid by us out of profit or reserves other than capital contribution reserves and a purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction booked against reserves other than capital contribution reserves are subject to Swiss federal withholding tax at a rate of 35%. The Swiss federal withholding tax must be withheld by us on the gross taxable amount of the dividend or distribution or the purchase price and be remitted by us to the Swiss Federal Tax Administration. Capital gains realized on the sale of Shares in the secondary market are not subject to Swiss federal withholding tax. Any Swiss federal withholding tax must be withheld by us on the gross amount of the dividend or distribution and be remitted to the Swiss Federal Tax Administration.
Swiss-resident recipients
The relevant Swiss tax authority will refund or credit the Swiss federal withholding tax deducted by us on the taxable amounts of dividends or distributions on Shares or taxable amount of purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction in full to holders of Shares who are individuals resident in Switzerland and to holders who hold the Shares as part of a trade or business in Switzerland, and who, in each case, among other things, are the beneficial owners of the Shares and the dividends or the distributions made or paid on the Shares or the beneficial owners of the Shares sold to us for a capital reduction and who duly report the dividend or distribution in their income tax return or their statutory financial statements, as applicable, for the relevant tax period.
Non-resident recipients
A holder who is not resident in Switzerland and who does not hold the Shares as part of a trade or business in Switzerland may be entitled to a full or partial refund of the Swiss federal withholding tax deducted if the country in which the recipient resides for tax purposes has entered into a bilateral treaty for the avoidance of double taxation with Switzerland, the recipient is the beneficial owner of the Shares and the dividend or distribution and the conditions of such treaty are met. A reduction of the withholding tax at source is not provided for by Switzerland for portfolio holdings and, therefore, is not permissible. Holders of Shares should be aware that the procedures for claiming treaty benefits (and the time frame required for obtaining a tax refund) may differ from country to country and should consult their own legal, financial or tax advisors regarding the procedures for claiming a refund of the withholding tax.
Residents of the United States
A holder of Shares who is a resident of the United States for purposes of the Treaty without taxable presence in Switzerland to which the Shares are attributable or who is a qualified U.S. pension fund and who, in each case, is the beneficial owner of the Shares and the dividend or distribution and who meets the conditions of the Treaty may apply for a full refund of the Swiss federal withholding tax in the case of qualified U.S. pension funds or in excess of the amount of the 15% treaty rate in all other cases. The claim for refund must be filed on Swiss Tax Form 82 (82C for corporations, 82I for individuals, 82E for other entities and 82R for regulated investment companies), which forms together with an instruction form may be obtained from any Swiss consulate general in the US, the Swiss Federal Tax Administration at the address below or be downloaded from the Swiss Federal Tax Administration's website. Four copies of the form must be duly completed, signed before a notary public of the United States, and
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three of them must be sent to the Swiss Federal Tax Administration, Eigerstrasse 65, CH-3003, Bern, Switzerland. The form must be accompanied by suitable evidence of deduction of the Swiss federal withholding tax, such as certificates of deduction, bank vouchers or credit slips. The form must be filed no later than December 31 of the third year following the calendar year in which the dividend subject to the tax became payable.
Income and profit tax on dividends and similar distributions
Shares held by Swiss resident individuals as private investments
For holders of Shares who are individuals resident in Switzerland for tax purposes and who hold the Shares as private investments, dividends or distributions on Shares made or paid by us out of capital contributions reserves (Reserven aus Kapitaleinlagen) and distributions on Shares made or paid by us based upon a reduction of nominal value of Shares (Nennwertrückzahlungen) and purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction charged to capital contribution reserves and nominal value are exempt from Swiss federal, cantonal and communal income taxes. For such holders, all other amounts of dividends or distributions or purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction are subject to Swiss federal, cantonal and communal income taxes.
Shares held as assets of a Swiss business
For a holder who holds the Shares as part of a trade or business carried on in Switzerland, all dividends and distributions, including repayment of nominal value of Shares or distributions out of capital contribution reserves, made or paid by us on Shares and purchase price for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction must be properly reported in the relevant taxation period for purposes of Swiss federal, cantonal and communal individual or corporate income tax. A Swiss corporation or co-operative or a non-Swiss corporation or co-operative holding Shares as part of a Swiss permanent establishment may benefit from relief from taxation of the dividends or other distributions, including capital repayments or distributions out of capital contribution reserves, by way of a participation exemption if the Shares held at the time of the dividend or other distribution have a market value of at least CHF 1 million.
Non-resident recipients
A holder of Shares who is not a resident of Switzerland for tax purposes, and who, during the respective tax year, has not engaged in a trade or business carried on through a permanent establishment situated in Switzerland for tax purposes, is not subject to any Swiss federal, cantonal or communal income tax as a result of the receipt of dividends or other distributions on Shares or payments for Shares bought back by us for a capital reduction.
Refer to “Swiss federal withholding tax on dividends and similar distributions” for further information.
Capital gains tax realized on Shares
Shares held by Swiss resident individuals as private investments
A capital gain realized by a holder of Shares (other than a capital gain on the sale of Shares to us for a capital reduction) who is an individual resident in Switzerland for tax purposes and who holds the Shares as private investments classifies as a tax-exempt private capital gain and a capital loss as a non-tax deductible private capital loss for purposes of Swiss federal, cantonal and communal income tax.
Refer to “Shares held as assets of a Swiss business” for information on the taxation of individuals classified as “professional securities dealers.”
Refer to “Income and profit tax on dividends and similar distributions – Shares held by Swiss resident individuals as private investments” for information on the taxation of purchase price received for Shares bought back by us for capital reduction.
Shares held as assets of a Swiss business
For a holder who holds the Shares as part of a trade or business carried on in Switzerland, capital gain or loss realized on the sale of Shares must be included in, or may be deducted from, taxable income in the relevant tax period for purposes of Swiss federal, cantonal and communal individual or corporate income tax. This tax treatment also applies to Swiss resident private individuals who, for income tax purposes, are classified as “professional securities dealers” for reason of, among other things, frequent dealings and leveraged investments in securities.
Non-resident individuals and legal entities
Holders of Shares who are not resident in Switzerland for tax purposes, and who, during the respective tax year, have not engaged in a trade or business carried on through a permanent establishment in Switzerland for tax
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purposes, will not be subject to any Swiss federal, cantonal or communal income tax as a result of gain realized on the sale or other disposition of Shares.
Net wealth and capital taxes
Shares held by Swiss resident individuals as private investments
A holder of Shares who is an individual resident in Switzerland for tax purposes and who holds the Shares as private investments is required to include the Shares in taxable assets for purposes of Swiss cantonal and communal taxable wealth taxes.
Shares held as assets of a Swiss business
A holder who holds the Shares as part of a trade or business conducted in Switzerland is required to include the Shares in taxable wealth or taxable assets, as applicable, in the relevant tax period for purposes of Swiss cantonal and communal individual wealth tax or corporate capital tax, as applicable.
Non-resident individuals and legal entities
Holders of Shares who are not resident in Switzerland for tax purposes, and who, during the respective tax year, have not engaged in a trade or business carried on through a permanent establishment situated in Switzerland for tax purposes, will not be subject to any Swiss cantonal or communal wealth tax or capital tax as a result of the holding of Shares.
Stamp duties upon transfer of securities
Secondary market dealings in Shares where no domestic (i.e., Swiss or Liechtenstein) bank or no domestic securities dealer (as defined in the Swiss Federal Stamp Duty Act) is a party or an intermediary to the transaction are not subject to Swiss federal stamp duty on dealings in securities. Where a domestic bank or a domestic securities dealer is a party or an intermediary to such a transaction, Swiss federal stamp duty on dealings in securities at a rate of 0.15% of the purchase price of the Shares is payable if none of the exemptions provided for in the Swiss Federal Stamp Duty Act applies. Subject to applicable statutory exemptions in respect of the one or the other party to a transaction, generally half of the tax is charged to the one party to the transaction and the other half to the other party.
International Automatic Exchange of Information in Tax Matters
On November 19, 2014, Switzerland signed the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which is based on article 6 of the OECD/Council of Europe administrative assistance convention and is intended to ensure the uniform implementation of automatic exchange of information, or the AEOI. The Federal Act on the International Automatic Exchange of Information in Tax Matters, or the AEOI Act, entered into force on January 1, 2017. The AEOI Act is the legal basis for the implementation of the AEOI standard in Switzerland.
The AEOI is being introduced in Switzerland through bilateral agreements or multilateral agreements. The agreements have, and will be, concluded on the basis of guaranteed reciprocity, compliance with the principle of specialty (i.e., the information exchanged may only be used to assess and levy taxes and for criminal tax proceedings) and adequate data protection.
Based on such multilateral agreements and bilateral agreements and the implementing laws of Switzerland, Switzerland collects and exchanges information with more than 100 jurisdictions in respect of financial assets, including Shares, as the case may be, held in, and income derived thereon and credited to, accounts or deposits maintained in Switzerland.
Swiss Facilitation of the Implementation of the U.S. Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act
Switzerland has concluded an intergovernmental agreement with the U.S. to facilitate the implementation of FATCA. The agreement ensures that the accounts held by U.S. persons with Swiss financial institutions are disclosed to the U.S. tax authorities either with the consent of the account holder or by means of group requests within the scope of administrative assistance. Information will not be transferred automatically in the absence of consent, and instead will be exchanged only within the scope of administrative assistance on the basis of the Double Taxation Treaty between the U.S. and Switzerland. In this regard, on July 17, 2019, the U.S. Senate approved the 2009 protocol, or the Protocol, amending the Double Taxation Treaty regarding income tax between Switzerland and the U.S., or the amended DTT. The Protocol had been approved by the Swiss Federal Assembly on June 18, 2010. On September 20, 2019, Switzerland and the U.S. exchanged the instruments of ratification of the Protocol. With the exchange of the ratification instruments, the amended DTT formally entered into force. The Protocol introduces a mechanism for the exchange of information upon request in tax matters between Switzerland and the
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United States, which is in line with international standards, and allows the United States to make group requests under FATCA concerning non-consenting U.S. accounts and non-consenting non-participating foreign financial institutions. On October 8, 2014, the Swiss Federal Council approved a mandate for negotiations with the U.S. on changing the current direct-notification-based regime to a regime where the relevant information is sent to the Swiss Federal Tax Administration, which in turn provides the information to the U.S. tax authorities.


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LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the ordinary shares offered hereby on behalf of VectivBio Holding AG and certain other matters of Swiss law, including matters of Swiss income tax law, will be passed upon for us by Homburger AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Certain matters of U.S. federal law will be passed upon for us by Cooley LLP, New York, New York. The agent is being represented by Latham & Watkins LLP, New York, New York, with respect to U.S. federal law.

EXPERTS

Ernst & Young AG, independent registered public accounting firm, has audited our consolidated and carve-out financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, as set forth in their report, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus and elsewhere in the registration statement. Our financial statements are incorporated by reference in reliance on Ernst & Young AG's report, given on their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We file annual and current reports and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Copies of certain information filed by us with the SEC are also available on our website at https://www.vectivbio.com/. Information contained on, or that can be accessible through, our website is not a part of this prospectus and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information in the registration statement. You should review the information and exhibits in the registration statement for further information on us and the securities that we are offering. Forms of any indenture or other documents establishing the terms of the offered securities are filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part or under cover of a Report on Form 6-K and incorporated in this prospectus by reference. Statements in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about these documents are summaries and each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the document to which it refers. You should read the actual documents for a more complete description of the relevant matters.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to incorporate by reference much of the information that we file with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those publicly available documents. The information that we incorporate by reference in this prospectus is considered to be part of this prospectus. Because we are incorporating by reference future filings with the SEC, this prospectus is continually updated and those future filings may modify or supersede some of the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any document previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded. This prospectus incorporates by reference the documents listed below and any future filings we make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (in each case, other than those documents or the portions of those documents furnished, rather than filed, and, except as may be noted in any such Form 6-K, exhibits filed on such form that are related to such information), until the offering of the securities under the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is terminated or completed:
our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on April 7, 2022;
our Report on Form 6-K furnished with the SEC on March 30, 2022 and our Report on Form 6-K/A furnished with the SEC on April 7, 2022.
The description of our ordinary shares contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A, filed with the SEC on April 6, 2021, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating the description.
You may request a copy of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address:
VectivBio Holding AG
Aeschenvorstadt 36
4051 Basel, Switzerland
Attn: Investor Relations
+41 61 551 30 30
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VectivBio Holding AG
Up to $75,000,000
Ordinary Shares


PROSPECTUS

SVB Securities
May 4, 2022


 PART II
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
Item 8.    Indemnification of Board of Directors and Executive Committee

Under Swiss law, subject to certain limitations, a corporation may indemnify and hold harmless directors and other persons entrusted with its management out of the assets of the corporation from and against actions, costs, charges, losses, damages and expenses which they or any of them may incur or sustain by or by reason of any act done, concurred in or omitted, in connection with the execution of their statutory duties, provided that such indemnity (if any) shall not extend to any matter in which any of said persons is found to have committed an intentional or grossly negligent breach of his or her duties. The registrant’s articles of association contain provisions governing the indemnification of the members of its board of directors and of its executive committee and the advancing of related defense costs to the extent not included in insurance coverage or paid by third parties.

In addition, under general principles of Swiss employment law, an employer may be required to indemnify an employee against losses and expenses incurred by such employee in the proper execution of his or her duties under the employment agreement with the registrant.
The registrant has entered into indemnification agreements with each member of its board of directors and of its executive committee. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant, the registrant has been advised that, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

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Item 9.    Exhibits
Incorporation by Reference
Exhibit
Number
Exhibit DescriptionFormFile No.Exhibit
Number
Filing DateFiled
Herewith
1.1*Form of Underwriting Agreement.
1.2X
4.1X
4.2X
4.3*Form of Debt Securities.
4.4*Form of Warrant Agreement.
4.5*Form of Unit Agreement.
5.1X
5.2X
23.1X
23.2X
23.3X
24.1X
25.1**Statement of Eligibility of Trustee under the Indenture.
107X

*    To be subsequently filed, if applicable, by an amendment to this registration statement or by a Report on Form 6-K.
**    To be filed, if applicable, in accordance with the requirements of Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 and Rule 5b-3 thereunder.

Item 10.    Undertakings

(a)    The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1)    To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i)    To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
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(ii)    To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii)    To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement; provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) of this section do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2)    That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3)    To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4)    To file a post-effective amendment to the registration statement to include any financial statements required by Item 8.A. of Form 20-F at the start of any delayed offering or throughout a continuous offering. Financial statements and information otherwise required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Act need not be furnished, provided, that the registrant includes in the prospectus, by means of a post-effective amendment, financial statements required pursuant to this paragraph (a)(4) and other information necessary to ensure that all other information in the prospectus is at least as current as the date of those financial statements. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to registration statements on Form F-3, a post-effective amendment need not be filed to include financial statements and information required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Act or Rule 3-19 of this chapter if such financial statements and information are contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the Form F-3.
(5)    That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:
(i)    If the registrant is relying on Rule 430B,
(A)    Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(B)    Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof; providedhowever, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date; or
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(6)    That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i)    Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii)    Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii)    The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv)    Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(b)    The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(c)    Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding), is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
(d)    The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the SEC under Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act.


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form F-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Basel, Switzerland, on May 4, 2022.
 VECTIVBIO HOLDING AG
  
 By:/s/ Luca Santarelli
  Luca Santarelli
  Chief Executive Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below hereby constitutes and appoints Luca Santarelli and Claudia D’Augusta, and each of them acting individually, as his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this registration statement, including post-effective amendments, and registration statements filed pursuant to Rule 462 under the Securities Act, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and all other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith and about the premises, as fully for all intents and purposes as they, he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney-in-fact and agent or any of them, or their, his or her substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated:


SignatureTitleDate
/s/Luca Santarelli
Chief Executive Officer and Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
May 4, 2022
Luca Santarelli
/s/Claudia D’Augusta
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
May 4, 2022
Claudia D’Augusta
/s/ Thomas WoiwodeChair of the BoardMay 4, 2022
Thomas Woiwode
/s/Chahra LouafiDirectorMay 4, 2022
Chahra Louafi
/s/ Hans SchikanDirectorMay 4, 2022
Hans Schikan
/s/Sandip KapadiaDirectorMay 4, 2022
Sandip Kapadia
/s/Stephen SquintoDirectorMay 4, 2022
Stephen Squinto
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/s/ Paul CarterDirectorMay 4, 2022
Paul Carter
  
/s/ Murray StewartDirectorMay 4, 2022
Murray Stewart
  

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Document

Exhibit 107
Calculation of Filing Fee Tables

Form F-3
(Form Type)

VectivBio Holding AG
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Table 1: Newly Registered Securities and Carry Forward Securities




Security Type
Security Class
Title
Fee Calculation or Carry Forward RuleAmount RegisteredProposed Maximum Offering Price Per UnitMaximum Aggregate Offering Price (1)Fee RateAmount of Registration Fee
Fees to Be PaidEquityOrdinary shares, nominal value of CHF 0.05 per share
DebtDebt Securities
OtherWarrants
OtherUnits
Unallocated (Universal) ShelfUnallocated (Universal) Shelf457(o)(2)(3)$200,000,0000.0000927$18,540
Total Offering Amounts$18,540
Total Fees Previously Paid
Total Fee Offsets
Net Fee Due$18,540





(1)

The proposed maximum aggregate offering price per class of security will be determined from time to time by the registrant in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder and is not specified as to each class of security pursuant to instructions to Form F-3 under the Securities Act, as amended, or the Securities Act.

(2)There are being registered hereunder such indeterminate number of the securities of each identified class being registered as may be sold by the registrant from time to time at indeterminate prices, with the maximum aggregate public offering price not to exceed $200,000,000. Also includes such indeterminate number of securities of the registrant as may be issued upon exercise, conversion or exchange of these securities. Separate consideration may or may not be received for securities that are issuable upon exercise, conversion or exchange of other securities.

(3)The proposed maximum aggregate price per unit of each class of securities will be determined from time to time by the registrant in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder and is not specified as to each class of securities pursuant to the General Instruction II.C. of Form F-3 under the Securities Act of 1933.


Document
Exhibit 1.2

Execution Version

VectivBio Holding AG
(a Swiss stock corporation (Aktiengesellschaft))
Ordinary Shares
(nominal value CHF 0.05 per share)


SALES AGREEMENT


May 4, 2022


SVB Securities LLC
1301 Avenue of the Americas, 12th Floor
New York, New York 10019


Ladies and Gentlemen:

VectivBio Holding AG, a Swiss stock corporation (Aktiengesellschaft) (the “Company”), confirms its agreement (this “Agreement”) with SVB Securities LLC (the “Agent”), as follows:

1.Issuance and Sale of Shares. The Company agrees that, from time to time during the term of this Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, it may issue, and sell through the Agent, acting as sales agent, ordinary shares, nominal value CHF 0.05 per share, of the Company (the “Ordinary Shares”), subject to the limitations set forth in Section 5(c) (the “Placement Shares”). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the parties hereto agree that compliance with the limitation set forth in this Section 1 on the aggregate gross sales price of Placement Shares that may be issued and sold under this Agreement from time to time shall be the sole responsibility of the Company, and that the Agent shall have no obligation in connection with such compliance. The issuance, and sale of Placement Shares through the Agent, will be effected pursuant to the Registration Statement (as defined below) to be filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) and to be declared effective by the Commission, although nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as requiring the Company to issue any Placement Shares.

The Company has prepared and will file, in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (collectively, the “Securities Act”), with the Commission a registration statement on Form F-3, including (a) a base prospectus, relating to certain securities, including the Ordinary Shares, to be issued from time to time by the Company, and which incorporates by reference documents that the Company has filed or will file in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (collectively, the “Exchange Act”), and (b) a prospectus supplement specifically relating to the Placement Shares to be issued from time to time pursuant to this Agreement (the “Prospectus Supplement”) to the base prospectus included as part of such registration statement. The Company will furnish to the Agent, for use by the Agent, copies of the base prospectus included as part of such registration statement at the time it becomes effective, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement. Except where the context otherwise requires, such registration statement, including all documents filed as part thereof or incorporated by reference therein, and including any information contained in a Prospectus (as defined below) subsequently filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act or deemed to be a part of such registration statement pursuant to Rule 430B or Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, is herein called the “Registration Statement.” The base prospectus, including all documents incorporated therein by reference, included in the Registration Statement, as it may be supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, in the form in which such prospectus and/or Prospectus Supplement have most recently been filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, together with any “issuer free writing prospectus” (as used herein, as defined in Rule 433 under the Securities Act (“Rule 433”)), relating to the Placement Shares that (i) is required to be filed with the Commission by the Company or (ii) is exempt from filing pursuant to Rule 433(d)(5)(i), in

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each case, in the form filed or required to be filed with the Commission or, if not required to be filed, in the form retained in the Company’s records pursuant to Rule 433(g), is herein called the “Prospectus.”

Any reference herein to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus Supplement, the Prospectus or any issuer free writing prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents, if any, that are or are deemed to be incorporated by reference therein (the “Incorporated Documents”), including, unless the context otherwise requires, the documents, if any, filed as exhibits to such Incorporated Documents. Any reference herein to the terms “amend,” “amendment” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus Supplement, the Prospectus or any issuer free writing prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the filing of any document under the Exchange Act on or after the most-recent effective date of the Registration Statement, or the respective dates of the Prospectus Supplement, Prospectus or such issuer free writing prospectus, as the case may be, and incorporated therein by reference. For purposes of this Agreement, all references to the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement thereto shall be deemed to include the most recent copy filed with the Commission pursuant to its Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval System or, if applicable, the Interactive Data Electronic Application system when used by the Commission (collectively, “EDGAR”).

2.Placements. Each time that the Company wishes to issue and sell any Placement Shares through the Agent hereunder (each, a “Placement”), it will notify the Agent by email notice (or other method mutually agreed to in writing by the parties) (each such notice, a “Placement Notice”) containing the parameters in accordance with which it desires such Placement Shares to be sold, which at a minimum shall include the maximum number or amount of Placement Shares to be sold, the time period during which sales are requested to be made, any limitation on the number or amount of Placement Shares that may be sold in any one Trading Day (as defined in Section 3) and any minimum price below which sales may not be made, a form of which containing such minimum sales parameters is attached hereto as Schedule 1. The Placement Notice must originate from one of the individuals authorized to act on behalf of the Company and set forth on Schedule 2 (with a copy to each of the other individuals from the Company listed on such Schedule 2), and shall be addressed to each of the recipients from the Agent set forth on Schedule 2, as such Schedule 2 may be updated by either party from time to time by sending a written notice containing a revised Schedule 2 to the other party in the manner provided in Section 12 (including by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the Company set forth on Schedule 2, if receipt of such correspondence is actually acknowledged by any of the individuals to whom the notice is sent, other than via auto-reply). The Placement Notice shall be effective upon receipt by the Agent unless and until (i) in accordance with the notice requirements set forth in Section 4, the Agent declines to accept the terms contained therein for any reason, in its sole discretion, within two Trading Days of the date the Agent receives the Placement Notice, (ii) in accordance with the notice requirements set forth in Section 4, the Agent suspends sales under the Placement Notice for any reason in its sole discretion, (iii) the entire amount of the Placement Shares has been sold pursuant to this Agreement, (iv) in accordance with the notice requirements set forth in Section 4, the Company suspends sales under or terminates the Placement Notice for any reason in its sole discretion, (v) the Company issues a subsequent Placement Notice and explicitly indicates that its parameters supersede those contained in the earlier dated Placement Notice or (vi) this Agreement has been terminated pursuant to the provisions of Section 11. The amount of any discount, commission or other compensation to be paid by the Company to the Agent in connection with the sale of the Placement Shares effected through the Agent shall be calculated in accordance with the terms set forth in Schedule 3. It is expressly acknowledged and agreed that neither the Company nor the Agent will have any obligation whatsoever with respect to a Placement or any Placement Shares unless and until the Company delivers a Placement Notice to the Agent and the Agent does not decline such Placement Notice pursuant to the terms set forth above, and then only upon the terms specified therein and herein. In the event of a conflict between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of a Placement Notice, the terms of the Placement Notice will control with respect to the matters covered thereby.

3.Sale of Placement Shares by the Agent. On the basis of the representations and warranties herein contained and subject to the terms and conditions herein set forth, including Section 5(c), upon the Agent’s acceptance of the terms of a Placement Notice as provided in Section 2, and unless the sale of the Placement Shares described therein has been declined, suspended or otherwise terminated in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the Agent, for the period specified in the Placement Notice, will use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations and the rules of The Nasdaq Global Market (“Nasdaq”) to sell such Placement Shares up to the number or amount specified in, and otherwise in
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accordance with the terms of, such Placement Notice. The Agent will provide written confirmation to the Company (including by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the Company set forth on Schedule 2, if receipt of such correspondence is actually acknowledged by any of the individuals to whom the notice is sent, other than via auto-reply) no later than the opening of the Trading Day (as defined below) immediately following the Trading Day on which it has made sales of Placement Shares hereunder setting forth the number or amount of Placement Shares sold on such Trading Day, the volume-weighted average price of the Placement Shares sold and the Net Proceeds (as defined below) payable to the Company. Unless otherwise specified by the Company in a Placement Notice, the Agent may sell Placement Shares by any method permitted by law deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act, including sales made directly on or through Nasdaq, on or through any other existing trading market for the Ordinary Shares or to or through a market maker. If expressly authorized by the Company (including in a Placement Notice), the Agent may also sell Placement Shares in negotiated transactions. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 6(pp), except as may be otherwise agreed by the Company and the Agent, the Agent shall not purchase Placement Shares on a principal basis pursuant to this Agreement unless the Company and the Agent enter into a separate written agreement setting forth the terms of such sale. The Company acknowledges and agrees that (i) there can be no assurance that the Agent will be successful in selling Placement Shares, (ii) the Agent will incur no liability or obligation to the Company or any other person or entity if it does not sell Placement Shares for any reason other than a failure by the Agent to use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations and the rules of Nasdaq to sell such Placement Shares as required under this Agreement and (iii) the Agent shall be under no obligation to purchase Placement Shares on a principal basis pursuant to this Agreement unless the Company and the Agent enter into a separate written agreement setting forth the terms of such sale. For the purposes hereof, “Trading Day” means any day on which the Ordinary Shares is purchased and sold on Nasdaq.

4.Suspension of Sales.

(a)    The Company or the Agent may, upon notice to the other party in writing (including by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule 2, if receipt of such correspondence is actually acknowledged by any of the individuals to whom the notice is sent, other than via auto-reply) or by telephone (confirmed immediately by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule 2), suspend any sale of Placement Shares; provided, however, that such suspension shall not affect or impair either party’s obligations with respect to any Placement Shares sold hereunder prior to the receipt of such notice. While a suspension pursuant to this Section 4(a) is in effect, any obligation under Sections 7(m), 7(n), 7(o), 7(p) and 7(q) with respect to the delivery of certificates, opinions, or comfort letters to the Agent, shall be waived. Each of the parties agrees that no such notice under this Section 4 shall be effective against the other party unless notice is sent by one of the individuals named on Schedule 2 hereto to the other party in writing (including by email correspondence to each of the individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule 2, if receipt of such correspondence is actually acknowledged by any of the individuals to whom the notice is sent, other than via auto-reply).
(b)    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, during any period in which the Company is, or could be deemed to be, in possession of material non-public information, the Company and the Agent agree that (i) no sale of Placement Shares will take place, (ii) the Company shall not request the sale of any Placement Shares and shall suspend or cancel any effective Placement Notices instructing the Agent to make any sales and (iii) the Agent shall not be obligated to sell or offer to sell any Placement Shares.
5.Settlement and Delivery of the Placement Shares.

(a)    Settlement of Placement Shares. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable Placement Notice, settlement for sales of Placement Shares will occur on the second Trading Day (or such earlier day as is industry practice or as is required for regular-way trading) following the date on which such sales are made (each, a “Settlement Date”). The amount of proceeds to be delivered to the Company on a Settlement Date against receipt of the Placement Shares sold (the “Net Proceeds”) will be equal to the aggregate gross sales price received by the Agent at which such Placement Shares were sold, after
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deduction of (i) the Agent’s commission, discount or other compensation for such sales payable by the Company pursuant to Section 2 hereof, (ii) any other amounts due and payable by the Company to the Agent hereunder pursuant to Section 7(g) hereof and (iii) any transaction fees imposed by any governmental or self-regulatory organization in respect of such sales.
(b)    Delivery of Placement Shares. On or before each Settlement Date, the Company will issue from treasury the Placement Shares being sold on such date and will, or will cause its transfer agent to, electronically transfer such Placement Shares by crediting the Agent’s or its designee’s account (provided the Agent shall have given the Company written notice of such designee prior to the Settlement Date) at The Depository Trust Company through its Deposit and Withdrawal at Custodian System (“DWAC”) or by such other means of delivery as may be mutually agreed upon by the parties hereto, which in all cases shall be duly issued, freely tradeable, transferable (subject to the limitations set forth in the Company's articles of association), registered Ordinary Shares in good deliverable form. On each Settlement Date, the Agent will deliver the related Net Proceeds in same day funds to an account designated by the Company on or prior to the Settlement Date. The Agent shall be responsible for providing DWAC instructions or other instructions for delivery by other means with regard to the transfer of the Placement Shares being sold. In addition to and in no way limiting the rights and obligations set forth in Section 9(a) hereto, the Company agrees that if the Company, defaults in its obligation to deliver duly issued, freely tradeable, transferable (subject to the limitations set forth in the Company’s articles of association), registered Placement Shares in good deliverable form by 2:30 P.M., New York City time, on a Settlement Date (other than as a result of a failure by the Agent to provide instructions for delivery), the Company will (i) take all necessary action to cause the full amount of any Net Proceeds that were delivered to the Company’s account with respect to such settlement, together with any costs incurred by the Agent and/or its clearing firm in connection with recovering such Net Proceeds, to be immediately returned to the Agent or its clearing firm no later than 5:00 P.M., New York City time, on such Settlement Date, by wire transfer of immediately available funds to an account designated by the Agent or its clearing firm, (ii) indemnify and hold the Agent and its clearing firm harmless against any loss, claim, damage, or expense (including reasonable legal fees and expenses), as incurred, arising out of or in connection with such default by the Company or its transfer agent (if applicable) and (iii) pay to the Agent (without duplication) any commission, discount or other compensation to which it would otherwise have been entitled absent such default.
(c)    Limitations on Offering Size. Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Placement Shares if, after giving effect to the sale of such Placement Shares, the aggregate number or gross sales proceeds of Placement Shares sold pursuant to this Agreement would exceed the lesser of: (i) the number or dollar amount of Ordinary Shares registered pursuant to, and available for offer and sale under, the Registration Statement pursuant to which the offering of Placement Shares is being made, (ii) the number of Ordinary Shares that can be issued from the Company's authorized share capital, (iii) the number or dollar amount of Ordinary Shares permitted to be offered and sold by the Company under Form F-3 (including General Instruction I.B.5. thereof, if such instruction is applicable), (iv) the number or dollar amount of Ordinary Shares that the Company’s board of directors or a duly authorized committee thereof is authorized to issue and sell from time to time, and notified to the Agent in writing, (v) the number of Ordinary Shares held in treasury by the Company and/or any of its subsidiaries and reserved by the Company’s board of directors for purposes of sale under this Agreement, or (v) the dollar amount of Ordinary Shares for which the Company has filed the Prospectus Supplement. Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement at a price lower than the minimum price authorized from time to time by the Company’s board of directors or a duly authorized committee thereof, and notified to the Agent in writing. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the parties hereto acknowledge and agree that compliance with the limitations set forth in this Section 5(c) on the number or dollar amount of Placement Shares that may be issued and sold under this Agreement from time to time shall be the sole responsibility of the Company, and that the Agent shall have no obligation in connection with such compliance.
6.    Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Agent that as of the date of this Agreement, and as of (i) each Representation Date (as defined in Section 7(m)), (ii) each date on which a Placement Notice is given, (iii) the date and time of each sale of any Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement and (iv) each Settlement Date (each such time or date referred to in clauses (i) through (iv), an “Applicable Time”):
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(a)    The Company and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement meet the requirements for and comply with the conditions for the use of Form F-3 (including General Instructions I.A and I.B.1.) under the Securities Act. The Registration Statement will be filed with the Commission and will be declared effective by the Commission under the Securities Act prior to the issuance of any Placement Notices by the Company. At the time the Registration Statement originally became effective and at the time the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F, was filed with the Commission, the Company met the then-applicable requirements for use of Form F-3 (including General Instructions I.A and I.B.1.) under the Securities Act. The Registration Statement meets, and the offering and sale of Placement Shares as contemplated hereby comply with, the requirements of Rule 415(a)(1)(x) under the Securities Act. The Agent is named as the agent engaged by the Company in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in the Prospectus Supplement. The Company has not received, and has no notice from the Commission of, any notice pursuant to Rule 401(g)(1) under the Securities Act objecting to the use of the shelf registration statement form. No stop order of the Commission preventing or suspending the use of the base prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or the Prospectus, or the effectiveness of the Registration Statement, has been issued, and no proceedings for such purpose are pending before or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened by the Commission. At the time of the initial filing of the Registration Statement, the Company paid the required Commission filing fees relating to the securities covered by the Registration Statement, including the Placement Shares that may be sold pursuant to this Agreement, in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act. Copies of the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, any such amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing and all Incorporated Documents that were filed with the Commission on or prior to the date of this Agreement have been delivered, or are available through EDGAR, to the Agent and its counsel.
(b)    Each of the Registration Statement and any post-effective amendment thereto, at the time it became or becomes effective, at each deemed effective date with respect to the Agent pursuant to Rule 430B(f)(2) under the Securities Act and as of each Applicable Time, complied, complies and will comply in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act and did not, does not and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, except that the representations and warranties set forth in this sentence do not apply to Agent’s Information (as defined below). The Prospectus and any amendment or supplement thereto, when so filed with the Commission under Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, complied, complies and as of each Applicable Time will comply in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act, and each Prospectus Supplement, Prospectus or issuer free writing prospectus (or any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing) furnished to the Agent for use in connection with the offering of the Placement Shares was identical to the electronically transmitted copies thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR, except to the extent permitted by Regulation S-T. Neither the Prospectus nor any amendment or supplement thereto, as of its date and as of each Applicable Time, included, includes or will include an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted, omits or will omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, except that the representations and warranties set forth in this sentence do not apply to Agent’s Information. Each Incorporated Document heretofore filed, when it was filed (or, if any amendment with respect to any such document was filed, when such amendment was filed), conformed in all material respects with the requirements of the Exchange Act and were filed on a timely basis with the Commission, and any further Incorporated Documents so filed and incorporated after the date of this Agreement will be filed on a timely basis and, when so filed, will conform in all material respects with the requirements of the Exchange Act; no such Incorporated Document when it was filed (or, if an amendment with respect to any such document was filed, when such amendment was filed), contained an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and no such Incorporated Document, when it is filed, will contain an untrue statement of a material fact or will omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.
(c)    (i) At the time of filing the Registration Statement and (ii) at the time of the execution of this Agreement (with such date being used as the determination date for purposes of this clause (ii)), the Company was not and is not an “ineligible issuer” (as defined in Rule 405), without taking account of any
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determination by the Commission pursuant to Rule 405 that it is not necessary that the Company be considered an ineligible issuer.

(d)    The Company is, and since the date of its initial public offering has been, an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act (an “Emerging Growth Company”).

(e)    Each issuer free writing prospectus, as of its issue date and as of each Applicable Time, did not, does not and will not include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, including any Incorporated Document deemed to be a part thereof that has not been superseded or modified. Each issuer free writing prospectus that the Company has filed, or is required to file, pursuant to Rule 433 or that was prepared by or on behalf of or used by the Company complies or will comply in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act.

(f)    The Company has not distributed and, prior to the later to occur of each Settlement Date and completion of the Agent’s distribution of the Placement Shares under this Agreement, will not distribute any offering material in connection with the offering and sale of the Placement Shares other than the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below).

(g)    The interactive data in eXtensible Business Reporting Language included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus fairly presents the information called for in all material respects and has been prepared in accordance with the Commission’s rules and guidelines applicable thereto.

(h)    The Company is subject to and in compliance in all material respects with the reporting requirements of Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. The Ordinary Shares are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and is listed on Nasdaq, and the Company has taken no action designed to, or reasonably likely to have the effect of, terminating the registration of the Ordinary Shares under the Exchange Act or delisting the Ordinary Shares from Nasdaq, nor has the Company received any notification that the Commission or Nasdaq is contemplating terminating such registration or listing. The Company is in compliance with the current listing standards of Nasdaq. The Company has filed a Notification of Listing of Additional Shares with Nasdaq with respect to the Placement Shares.

(i)    No person (as such term is defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Act) has the right to act as an underwriter or as a financial advisor to the Company in connection with the offer and sale of the Placement Shares hereunder, whether as a result of the filing or effectiveness of the Registration Statement or the sale of the Placement Shares as contemplated hereby or otherwise. Except for the Agent, there is no broker, finder or other party that is entitled to receive from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (as defined below) any brokerage or finder’s fee or other fee or commission as a result of any transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(j)    The Company has been duly incorporated and is validly existing as a corporation in good standing (to the extent this concept applies) under the laws of Switzerland and has requisite corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and conduct its business as now conducted and as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and to enter into and perform its obligations under this Agreement; and the Company is duly qualified as a foreign corporation to transact business and is in good standing (to the extent this concept applies) or other equivalent local law status (if any), as applicable, in each jurisdiction where the ownership or leasing of its properties or the conduct of business requires such qualification, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing or other equivalent local law status (if any), as applicable, would not result in a Material Adverse Effect (as defined below).
(k)    Each subsidiary of the Company (each, a “Subsidiary” and, collectively, the “Subsidiaries”), represents all of the direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company, has been duly incorporated or organized, as applicable, and is validly existing and in good standing (to the extent this concept applies) or other equivalent local law status (if any), as applicable, under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, has requisite corporate or similar power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and conduct its business as now conducted and as described in the
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Registration Statement and the Prospectus and is duly qualified to transact business and is in good standing (to the extent this concept applies) or other equivalent local law status (if any), as applicable, in each jurisdiction where the ownership or leasing of its properties or the conduct of business requires such qualification, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing, or other equivalent local law status (if any), as applicable, would not result in a Material Adverse Effect. Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, (i) all of the issued and outstanding shares of each Subsidiary have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable and are owned by the Company, directly or through Subsidiaries, and (ii) except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, are free and clear of any security interest, mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance, claim or equity. None of the outstanding shares of any Subsidiary were issued in violation of the preemptive or similar rights of any securityholder of such Subsidiary. Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, the Company does not own or control, directly or indirectly, any corporation, association or other entity.

(l)    The Company has the authorized and outstanding capitalization as set forth in the Company’s annual report on Form 20-F for the most recent fiscal year, as of the dates referred to therein (subject, in each case, to the issuance of Placement Shares under this Agreement, the issuance of Ordinary Shares upon exercise of share options and warrants disclosed as outstanding as of the date hereof in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and the grant of options under existing share option plans described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus). The Ordinary Shares conform in all material respects to the description thereof contained in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, including under the heading “Description of Share Capital and Articles of Association.” All of the issued registered shares of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued in compliance with Swiss law and are fully paid and non-assessable. None of the issued shares of the Company were issued in violation of the preemptive or other similar rights of any securityholder of the Company. Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, there are no authorized or outstanding options, warrants, preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other rights to purchase or subscribe for, or equity or debt securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for, any share capital of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which any of them may be bound. The descriptions of the Company’s equity incentive plan, share option plans and other share plans or arrangements described in the Prospectus and in effect as of the date hereof (collectively, the “Share Plans”) and the options or other rights granted thereunder, set forth in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus accurately and fairly present the information required to be shown with respect to such Share Plans and the options or other rights granted thereunder.

(m)    The Placement Shares have been or will be duly authorized for issuance and for sale pursuant to this Agreement and, when issued will be validly issued in compliance with Swiss law, fully paid and non-assessable and will conform in all material respects to the description thereof contained in the Prospectus. The issuance and sale of the Placement Shares as contemplated hereby shall not be subject to any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights to subscribe for or purchase the Placement Shares, and the statutory preemptive rights of the existing shareholders of the Company with respect to the issuance of the Placement Shares will have been validly set aside. When delivered by the Company against payment therefor pursuant to this Agreement, the purchasers of the Placement Shares will acquire good, marketable and valid title to such Placement Shares, free and clear of all pledges, liens, security interests, charges, claims or encumbrances. The issuance and sale of the Placement Shares as contemplated hereby will not cause any holder of any share capital, securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for share capital or options, warrants or other rights to purchase share capital or any other securities of the Company to have any right to acquire any preferred shares of the Company. Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, there are no restrictions upon the voting or transfer of the Ordinary Shares under the Company’s articles of association or any agreement or other instrument to which the Company is a party or otherwise filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement.

(n)    There is no statute, regulation, contract, agreement or other document required to be described in the Registration Statement, Prospectus or in any Incorporated Document, or to be filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement or any Incorporated Document which is not described or filed as required. The statements set forth or incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, insofar as they purport to constitute summaries of the terms of the statutes, regulations, contracts, agreements or other documents described and filed, constitute accurate summaries of the terms thereof in all material respects. The
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statements set forth or incorporated by reference in the Prospectus under the headings “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences to U.S. Holders,” and “Description of Share Capital,” insofar as such statements summarize legal matters, agreements, documents or proceedings discussed therein, fairly present, to the extent required by the Securities Act, in all material respects, such legal matters, agreements, documents or proceedings. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has sent or received any communication regarding termination of, or intent not to renew or render performance under, any of the contracts or agreements referred to or described in the Prospectus or any free writing prospectus, or referred to or described in, or filed as an exhibit to, the Registration Statement, or any Incorporated Document, and no such termination or non-renewal has been threatened by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or, to the Company’s knowledge, any other party to any such contract or agreement, which threat of termination or non-renewal has not been rescinded as of the date hereof.

(o)    This Agreement has been duly and validly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and constitutes a valid and legally binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability, including rights of indemnification, may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization, moratorium and other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity or general application (including, but not limited to, the abuse of rights (Rechtsmissbrauch) and the principle of good faith (Grundsatz von Treu und Glauben)). This Agreement conforms in all material respects to the descriptions thereof in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(p)    The Company is not required and, after giving effect to the offering and sale of the Placement Shares and the application of the proceeds thereof as described in the Prospectus, will not be required to register as an “investment company” as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”).

(q)    No consent, approval, license, permit, qualification, authorization or other order or decree of, or registration or filing with, any court or other governmental, taxing or regulatory authority or agency, is required for the Company’s execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement or consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or by the Registration Statement and the Prospectus (including the issuance and sale of the Placement Shares hereunder), except such (i) as have been already obtained or made or (ii) as may be required under (A) the Securities Act, applicable state securities or Blue Sky laws, applicable rules of Nasdaq, or Rule 5110 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) and (B) in connection with the filing and registration of the capital increase or increases required in connection with the issuance of Placement Shares, if any, in the Commercial Register of the Canton of Basel-Stadt.

(r)    Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is (A) in violation of its articles of association (or similar organizational document), in force as at the date hereof or as expected to be in force immediately following the offering (B) in breach, default or violation of any of the terms or provisions of any agreement, covenant or condition contained in any contract, indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan or credit agreement, note, lease or other agreement or instrument, as applicable, to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party, or to which any of their respective properties or assets are subject (collectively, “Agreements and Instruments”), or (C) in violation of any applicable law, statute, rule, regulation, judgment, order, writ or decree of any arbitrator, court, governmental body, regulatory body, administrative agency or other authority, body or agency having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective properties, assets or operations (each, a “Governmental Entity”), except, in the case of (B) and (C), for any such violation which would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated herein and in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus (including the issuance and sale of the Securities and the use of the proceeds from the sale of the Securities as described therein under the caption “Use of Proceeds”) and compliance by the Company with its obligations hereunder have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action and do not and will not, whether with or without the giving of notice or passage of time or both, conflict with or constitute a breach of, or default or Repayment Event (as defined below) under, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance upon any properties or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to, the Agreements and Instruments (except for such conflicts, breaches, defaults or Repayment Events or liens, charges or encumbrances that would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect), nor will such action result in any
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violation of the provisions of the articles of association or similar organizational document of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any applicable law, statute, rule, regulation, judgment, order, writ or decree of any Governmental Entity. As used herein, a “Repayment Event” means any event or condition which gives the holder of any note, debenture or other evidence of indebtedness (or any person acting on such holder’s behalf) the right to require the repurchase, redemption or repayment of all or a portion of such indebtedness by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(s)    Except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, subsequent to the respective dates as of which information is given in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus: (i) (A) there has been no material adverse change in the condition, financial or otherwise, or in the earnings, business affairs or business prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries considered as one enterprise (a “Material Adverse Effect”), (B) there have been no transactions entered into by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than those in the ordinary course of business, which are material with respect to the Company and its Subsidiaries considered as one enterprise, and (C) there has been no dividend or distribution of any kind declared, paid or made by the Company on any class of its shares; (ii) neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries, considered as one enterprise, has (A) incurred any material liability or obligation, indirect, direct or contingent, including without limitation any losses or interference with its business from fire, explosion, flood, earthquakes, accident or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any strike, labor dispute or court or governmental action, order or decree, that are material, individually or in the aggregate, to the Company and its Subsidiaries, considered as one entity or (B) issued or granted any shares of the Company’s ordinary shares or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for or that represent the right to receive shares of the Company’s capital shares other than under the Share Plans; and (iii) there has not been any material decrease in the share capital or any material increase in any short-term or long-term indebtedness of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(t)    There are no persons (as such term is defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Act) with registration or other similar rights to have any equity or debt securities of the Company registered for sale under the Registration Statement or included in the offering contemplated by this Agreement, except for such rights as have been duly waived in a writing previously furnished to the Agent.

(u)    The consolidated financial statements included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, together with the related schedules and notes, present fairly the financial position of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries at the dates indicated and the statement of operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries for the periods specified; said financial statements have been prepared in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods involved. The supporting schedules, if any, present fairly in all material respects in accordance with IFRS the information required to be stated therein. The selected financial data and the summary financial information included in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus present fairly in all material respects the information shown therein and have been compiled on a basis consistent with that of the audited financial statements included therein. Except as included therein, no historical or pro forma financial statements or supporting schedules are required to be included in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus under the 1933 Act or the 1933 Act Regulations. All disclosures contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus regarding non-IFRS financial measures would comply with Regulation G of the 1934 Act and Item 10 of Regulation S-K of the 1933 Act, to the extent applicable if such disclosures were “non-GAAP financial measures” (as such term is defined by the rules and regulations of the Commission).

(v)    Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, there is no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or brought by any Governmental Entity (including, without limitation, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”), the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) or the European Medicines Agency (“EMA”)) now pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened, against or affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, which might result in a Material Adverse Effect, or which might materially and adversely affect their respective properties or assets or the consummation of the transactions contemplated in this Agreement or the performance by the Company of its obligations hereunder; and the aggregate of all pending legal or governmental proceedings to which the Company or
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any such Subsidiary is a party, as applicable, or of which any of their respective properties or assets is the subject which are not described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, could not result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(w)    Ernst & Young AG, whose report on the consolidated financial statements of the Company has been filed with the Commission as part of the Company’s most recent annual report on Form 20-F filed with the Commission and incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, is (i) an independent registered public accounting firm as required by the Securities Act, the Exchange Act and the rules of the PCAOB, (ii) in compliance with the applicable requirements relating to the qualification of accountants under Rule 2-01 of Regulation S-X under the Securities Act and (iii) a registered public accounting firm as defined by the PCAOB whose registration has not been suspended or revoked and who has not requested such registration to be withdrawn. Ernst & Young AG has not been engaged by the Company to perform any “prohibited activities” or provided to the Company any “non-audit services” (as defined in Section 10A of the Exchange Act).

(x)    Except as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, no stamp duties or other issuance or transfer taxes are payable by or on behalf of the Agent in Switzerland or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof solely in connection with (A) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement, (B) the issuance and delivery of the Placement Shares in the manner contemplated by this Agreement and by the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or (C) the sale and delivery by the Agent of the Placement Shares as contemplated herein and in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(y)    The Company and its Subsidiaries have filed all tax returns that are required to have been filed by them pursuant to applicable foreign, state, local or other law except insofar as the failure to file such returns would not result in a Material Adverse Effect, and has paid all taxes due pursuant to such returns or pursuant to any assessment received by the Company and its Subsidiaries, except (i) for such taxes, if any, as are being contested in good faith and as to which adequate reserves have been established by the Company or (ii) insofar as the failure to pay such taxes would not result in a Material Adverse Effect. The charges, accruals and reserves on the books of the Company in respect of any income and corporation tax liability for any years not finally determined are adequate to meet any assessments or re-assessments for additional income tax for any years not finally determined, except to the extent of any inadequacy that would not result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(z)    To the knowledge of the Company, there is no strike, labor dispute, slowdown or work stoppage by the employees of any of its or any Subsidiary’s principal suppliers, manufacturers or contractors that is existing or imminent, which, in either case, would result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(aa)    The Company and its Subsidiaries carry or are entitled to the benefits of insurance, with financially sound and reputable insurers, in such amounts and covering such risks as is generally maintained by companies of established repute engaged in the same or similar business, and all such insurance is in full force and effect. The Company has no reason to believe that it or any of its Subsidiaries will not be able (A) to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when such policies expire or (B) to obtain comparable coverage from similar institutions as may be necessary or appropriate to conduct its business as now conducted and at a cost that would not result in a Material Adverse Effect. Neither of the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has been denied any insurance coverage which it has sought or for which it has applied.

(bb)    Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has good and marketable title to all real property owned by them and good title to all other properties owned by them, as applicable, in each case, free and clear of all mortgages, pledges, liens, security interests, claims, restrictions or encumbrances of any kind except such as (A) are described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or (B) do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially affect the value of such property and do not interfere with the use made and proposed to be made of such property by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; and all of the leases and subleases, as applicable, material to the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, considered as one enterprise, and under which the Company or any of its subsidiaries holds properties described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, are in full force and effect, and to the knowledge of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, neither the Company nor any such Subsidiary has any notice of any material claim of any sort that has been asserted by anyone adverse to the rights of the
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Company or any such Subsidiary under any of the material leases or subleases mentioned above, or affecting or questioning the rights of the Company or such Subsidiary to the continued possession of the leased or subleased premises under any such lease or sublease.

(cc)    Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries possess such licenses, permits, exemptions, clearances, registrations, approvals, consents and other authorizations (collectively, “Governmental Licenses”) issued by the appropriate Governmental Entities (including, without limitation, the FDA or the EMA) necessary to conduct the business now operated by them, except where the failure so to possess would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. To the knowledge of the Company and its Subsidiaries, each of the Company and its Subsidiaries are and have been in compliance with the terms and conditions of all Governmental Licenses, except where the failure so to comply would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. All of the Governmental Licenses are valid and in full force and effect, except when the invalidity of such Governmental Licenses or the failure of such Governmental Licenses to be in full force and effect would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. The Company and its Subsidiaries have fulfilled and performed all of their material obligations with respect to such Governmental Licenses, and no event has occurred which allows, or after notice or lapse of time would allow, revocation or termination thereof or results in any other material impairment of the rights of the holder of any such Governmental Licenses. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any Governmental Licenses which, individually or in the aggregate, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding, would result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(dd)    The Company and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, maintain effective internal control over financial reporting (as defined under Rule 13-a15 and 15d-15 under the 1934 Act Regulations) and a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that (A) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; (B) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with IFRS and to maintain accountability for assets; (C) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (D) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. Except as described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, since the end of the Company’s most recent audited fiscal year, there has been (1) no material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (whether or not remediated) and (2) no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

(ee)    The Company and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, have established and maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act), which (i) are designed to ensure that information relating to the Company, including its consolidated Subsidiaries, is made known to the Company’s principal executive officer and its principal financial officer by others within those entities, particularly during the periods in which the periodic reports required under the Exchange Act are being prepared; (ii) have been evaluated by management of the Company for effectiveness as of the end of the Company’s most recent fiscal quarter; and (iii) are effective in all material respects to perform the functions for which they were established.

(ff)    Neither the Company nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any affiliate of the Company has taken, nor will the Company or any affiliate take, directly or indirectly, any action which is designed, or would be expected, to cause or result in, or which constitutes, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of the Securities or to result in a violation of Regulation M under the 1934 Act.

(gg)    Except as described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, (A) to the knowledge of the Company, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any applicable federal, state, local or foreign statute, law, rule, regulation, ordinance, code, policy or rule of common law or any judicial or administrative interpretation thereof, including any judicial or administrative order, consent, decree or judgment, relating to pollution or protection of human health, the environment (including, without limitation, ambient air, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface strata) or wildlife, including, without limitation, laws and regulations relating to the release or threatened release of
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chemicals, pollutants, contaminants, wastes, toxic substances, hazardous substances, petroleum or petroleum products, asbestos-containing materials or mold (collectively, “Hazardous Materials”) or to the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport or handling of Hazardous Materials (collectively, “Environmental Laws”), (B) the Company and its Subsidiaries have all permits, authorizations and approvals required under any applicable Environmental Laws and are each in compliance with their requirements, (C) there are no pending or threatened administrative, regulatory or judicial actions, suits, demands, demand letters, claims, liens, notices of noncompliance or violation, investigations or proceedings relating to any Environmental Law against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and (D) to the knowledge of the Company, there are no events or circumstances that would reasonably be expected to form the basis of an order for clean-up or remediation, or an action, suit or proceeding by any private party or Governmental Entity, against or affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries relating to Hazardous Materials or any Environmental Laws.

(hh)    (i) Any “Employee Benefit Plan” (within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and the regulations and published interpretations thereunder (collectively, “ERISA”)) for which the Company or its ERISA Affiliates (as defined below) would have any liability (each, a “Plan”) has complied in all material respects with its terms and the requirements of any applicable statutes, orders, rules and regulations, including but not limited to, ERISA and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and the regulations and published interpretations thereunder (the “Code”), (ii) no Plan is subject to Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 or Title IV of ERISA , (iii) neither the Company nor any of its ERISA Affiliates has incurred or reasonably expects to incur any obligation or liability under (A) Title IV of ERISA with respect to termination of, or withdrawal from, any Plan, (B) Sections 412 and 430, 4971, 4975 or 4980B of the Code or (C) Sections 302 and 303, 406, 4063 and 4064 of ERISA, (iv) no prohibited transaction, within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code, has occurred with respect to any Plan, excluding transactions effected pursuant to a statutory or administrative exemption, (v) each Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code is so qualified and nothing has occurred, whether by action or failure to act, which would cause the loss of such qualification, (vi) there is no pending audit or investigation by the Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or any other governmental agency or any foreign regulatory agency with respect to any Plan that could reasonably be expected to result in liability to the Company, (vii) there has not occurred, nor is there reasonably likely to occur, a material increase in the aggregate amount of contributions required to be made to all Plans by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in the current fiscal year of the Company and its Subsidiaries compared to the amount of such contributions made in the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ most recently completed fiscal year, and (viii) the Company does not have any “accumulated postretirement benefit obligations” (within the meaning of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards 106). “ERISA Affiliate” means, with respect to the Company, any member of any group of organizations described in Sections 414(b), (c), (m) or (o) of the Code of which the Company is a member.

(ii)    The Company is in compliance with, and there is and has been no failure on the part of the Company and, to the Company’s knowledge, any of the Company’s directors or officers, in their capacities as such, to comply with, any provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder or implementing the provisions thereof (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) and the rules and regulations promulgated in connection therewith which will become applicable to the Company at all times after the effectiveness of the Registration Statement, including Section 402 relating to loans.

(jj)    None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or, to the knowledge of the Company, any director, officer, agent, employee, affiliate or other person acting on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is aware of or has taken any action, directly or indirectly, that would result in a violation by such persons of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (the “FCPA”), including, without limitation, making use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce corruptly in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay or authorization of the payment of any money, or other property, gift, promise to give, or authorization of the giving of anything of value to any “foreign official” (as such term is defined in the FCPA) or any foreign political party or official thereof or any candidate for foreign political office, in contravention of the FCPA and the Company and, to the knowledge of the Company, its affiliates have conducted their
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businesses in compliance with the FCPA and have instituted and maintain policies and procedures designed to ensure, and which are reasonably expected to continue to ensure, continued compliance therewith.

(kk)    The operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance with applicable financial recordkeeping and reporting requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the applicable money laundering statutes of the jurisdictions where the Company or any of its Subsidiaries conduct business, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any Governmental Entity (collectively, the “Money Laundering Laws”); and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any Governmental Entity involving the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the best knowledge of the Company, threatened.

(ll)    None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or, to the knowledge of the Company, any director, officer, agent, employee, affiliate or representative of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is an individual or entity (“Person”) currently the subject or target of any sanctions administered or enforced by the United States Government, including, without limitation, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), the United Nations Security Council (“UNSC”), the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury (“HMT”), the Swiss State Secretariat of Economic Affairs (“SECO”), the Swiss Directorate of International Law (“DIL”) or other relevant sanctions authority (collectively, “Sanctions”), nor is the Company located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the subject of Sanctions; and the Company will not directly or indirectly use the proceeds of the sale of the Securities, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any Subsidiaries, joint venture partners or other Person, to fund any activities of or business with any Person, or in any country or territory, that, at the time of such funding, is the subject of Sanctions prohibiting such funding or in any other manner that will result in a violation by any Person (including any Person participating in the transaction, whether as underwriter, advisor, investor or otherwise) of Sanctions.

(mm)    The Company and its Subsidiaries own or possess, or can acquire on reasonable terms, adequate patents, patent rights, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, (including all applications and registrations relating to any of the foregoing), inventions, licenses, know-how (including trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures), or other intellectual property described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as being owned or licensed by the Company or its Subsidiaries or which are necessary for the conduct of the Company’s business as currently conducted or as currently proposed to be conducted as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus (collectively, “Intellectual Property”). To the Company’s knowledge and except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus (i) there are no unreleased liens or security interests which have been filed against any of the Intellectual Property owned by the Company; (ii) there are no third parties who have rights to any Intellectual Property, except for customary reversionary rights of third-party licensors with respect to Intellectual Property that is disclosed in the Registration Statement and Prospectus as licensed to the Company, and the Company has taken all reasonable steps necessary to secure its interests in the Intellectual Property from its employees and contractors; (iii) there is no infringement, misappropriation or violation by third parties of any Intellectual Property; (iv) the Company is not infringing, misappropriating or violating the intellectual property rights of third parties; (v) the Company is the sole owner of the Intellectual Property owned by it and has the valid right to use such Intellectual Property; and (vi) no employee of the Company is in or has been in violation of any term of any employment contract, patent disclosure agreement, invention assignment agreement, non-competition agreement, non-solicitation agreement, nondisclosure agreement or any restrictive covenant to or with a former employer where the basis of such violation relates to such employee’s employment with the Company. There is no pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others: (A) challenging the Company’s rights in or to any Intellectual Property, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such action, suit, proceeding or claim; (B) challenging the validity, enforceability or scope of any Intellectual Property, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such action, suit, proceeding or claim; or (C) asserting that either the Company infringes or otherwise violates, or would, upon the commercialization of any product described in the Registration Statement and Prospectus as under development, infringe, misappropriate or violate, any patent, trademark, trade name, service name, copyright, trade secret or other proprietary rights of others, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such action, suit, proceeding or claim.
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To the knowledge of the Company, the Company has complied with the terms of each agreement pursuant to which Intellectual Property has been licensed to the Company, and all such agreements are in full force and effect.

(nn)    Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, each of the Company and its Subsidiaries: (i) has operated and currently operates its business in compliance in all material respects with applicable provisions of the Health Care Laws (as defined below) of the FDA, the Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) and any comparable foreign or other regulatory authority or Governmental Entity to which they are subject, in Europe or elsewhere (collectively, the “Applicable Regulatory Authorities”); (ii) has not received any FDA Form 483, written notice of adverse finding, warning letter, untitled letter or other correspondence or written notice from any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority alleging or asserting non-compliance with (A) any Health Care Laws or (B) any licenses, certificates, approvals, clearances, exemptions, authorizations, permits and supplements or amendments thereto required by any such Health Care Laws (“Regulatory Authorizations”); (iii) possesses all Regulatory Authorizations required to conduct its business as currently conducted, except where the failure to possess the same would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect, and such Regulatory Authorizations are valid and in full force and effect and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries are in violation, in any material respect, of any term of any such Regulatory Authorizations; (iv) has not received written notice of any claim, action, suit, audit, survey, proceeding, hearing, enforcement, investigation, arbitration or other action from the Applicable Regulatory Authorities or any other third party alleging that any product of the Company is in material violation of any Health Care Laws or Regulatory Authorizations and has no knowledge that the Applicable Regulatory Authorities or any other third party is considering any such claim, litigation, arbitration, action, suit, investigation or proceeding; (v) has not received written notice that any of the Applicable Regulatory Authorities has taken, is taking or intends to take action to limit, suspend, modify or revoke any material Regulatory Authorizations and has no knowledge that any of the Applicable Regulatory Authorities is considering such action; (vi) has filed, obtained, maintained or submitted all material reports, documents, forms, notices, applications, records, claims, submissions and supplements or amendments as required by any Health Care Laws or Regulatory Authorizations and that all such reports, documents, forms, notices, applications, records, claims, submissions and supplements or amendments were materially complete and correct on the date filed (or were materially corrected or supplemented by a subsequent submission); (vii) is not a party to or have any ongoing reporting obligations pursuant to any corporate integrity agreements, deferred or non-prosecution agreements, monitoring agreements, consent decrees, settlement orders, plans of correction or similar agreements with or imposed by any Applicable Regulatory Authority; and (viii) along with its employees, officers and directors has not been excluded, suspended or debarred from participation in any government health care program or human clinical research or, to the knowledge of the Company, is subject to a governmental inquiry, investigation, proceeding, or other similar action that could reasonably be expected to result in debarment, suspension or exclusion. The term “Health Care Laws” means Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1395-1395hhh (the Medicare statute); Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1396-1396v (the Medicaid statute); the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b); the civil False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. §§ 3729 et seq.; the criminal False Claims Act, 42 U.S.C. 1320a-7b(a); any criminal laws relating to health care fraud and abuse, including but not limited to 18 U.S.C. Sections 286, 287, 1001, 1035, 1347 and 1349, and the health care fraud criminal provisions under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1320d et seq. (“HIPAA”); the Civil Monetary Penalties Law, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1320a-7a and 1320a-7b; the Physician Payments Sunshine Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7h; the Exclusion Laws, 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7; HIPAA, as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 17921 et seq.; the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 301 et seq.; and the Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 201 et seq.; each as amended, and the regulations promulgated pursuant to such laws; and any similar foreign, federal, state and local laws and regulations in Europe or elsewhere.

(oo)    None of the Company’s product candidates have received marketing approval or licensure from any Applicable Regulatory Authority. Except as described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, all clinical and pre-clinical studies and trials sponsored or conducted by or on behalf of the Company or its Subsidiaries, or in which the Company or its Subsidiaries has participated with respect to the Company’s product candidates, including without limitation, any such studies and trials that are described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, or the results of which are referred to in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, as applicable (collectively, “Company Trials”), were, and if
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still pending are, to the Company's knowledge, being conducted in all material respects in accordance with the Health Care Laws, including, without limitation, current Good Clinical Practices and Good Laboratory Practices, and in keeping with standard medical and scientific research procedures and any applicable rules, regulations and policies of the jurisdiction in which such trials and studies are being conducted; the descriptions in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus of the structure and results of any Company Trials are accurate and complete descriptions in all material respects and fairly present the data derived therefrom; the Company has no knowledge of any other studies or trials not described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, the results of which are inconsistent with or call into question the results described or referred to in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus; the Company and each of its Subsidiaries have not received, any written notices, correspondence or other communications from the Applicable Regulatory Authorities or any other governmental entity requiring or threatening the termination, material modification or suspension of Company Trials that are described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or the results of which are referred to in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, other than ordinary course communications with respect to modifications in connection with the design and implementation of such studies or trials, and, to the Company’s knowledge, there are no reasonable grounds for the same. No investigational new drug application or comparable submission filed by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been terminated or suspended by the FDA or any other Applicable Regulatory Authority. The Company has obtained (or caused to be obtained) informed consent by or on behalf of each human subject who participated in a Company Trial. In using or disclosing patient information received by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with a Company Trial, the Company or such subsidiary has complied in all material respects with all applicable laws and regulatory rules or requirements, including, without limitation, HIPAA and the rules and regulations thereunder and any similar foreign laws and regulations in Europe or elsewhere. To the Company’s knowledge, none of the Company Trials involved any investigator who has been disqualified as a clinical investigator or has been found by the FDA or any other Applicable Regulatory Authority to have engaged in scientific misconduct.

(pp)    The Company acknowledges and agrees that the Agent has informed the Company that the Agent may, to the extent permitted under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, purchase and sell Ordinary Shares for its own account while this Agreement is in effect; provided, that (i) no such purchase or sales shall take place while a Placement Notice is in effect (except to the extent the Agent may engage in sales of Placement Shares purchased or deemed purchased from the Company as a “riskless principal” or in a similar capacity) and (ii) the Company shall not be deemed to have authorized or consented to any such purchases or sales by the Agent, except as may be otherwise agreed by the Company and the Agent.

(qq)    The Company is not a party to any agreement with an agent or underwriter for any other “at the market” or continuous equity transaction.

(rr)    The Company is not required to register as a “broker” or “dealer” in accordance with the provisions of the Exchange Act and does not, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, control or have any other association with (within the meaning of Article I of the By-laws of FINRA) any member firm of FINRA. No relationship, direct or indirect, exists between or among the Company, on the one hand, and the directors, officers or shareholders of the Company, on the other hand, which is required by the rules of FINRA to be described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, which is not so described. All of the information (including, but not limited to, information regarding affiliations, security ownership and trading activity) provided to the Agent or its counsel by the Company, its officers and directors and the holders of any securities (debt or equity) or warrants, options or rights to acquire any securities of the Company in connection with the filing to be made and other supplemental information to be provided to FINRA pursuant to FINRA Rule 5110 in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement is true, complete and correct.

(ss)    As of the close of trading on Nasdaq on May 2, 2022, the aggregate market value of the outstanding voting and non-voting common equity (as defined in Rule 405) of the Company held by persons other than affiliates of the Company (pursuant to Rule 144 of the Securities Act, those that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, control, or are controlled by, or are under common control with, the Company) (the “Non-Affiliate Shares”), was approximately $115,030,845.00 (calculated by multiplying (x) the price at which the common equity of the Company was last sold on Nasdaq on May 2, 2022 by (y) the number of Non-Affiliate Shares outstanding on May 2, 2022). The
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Company is not a shell company (as defined in Rule 405) and has not been a shell company for at least 12 calendar months previously.

(tt)    No forward-looking statement (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act) included in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed without a reasonable basis or has been disclosed other than in good faith.

(uu)    To the Company’s knowledge, the manufacturing facilities and operations of its suppliers are operated in compliance with all applicable statutes, rules, regulations and policies of the Applicable Regulatory Authorities, including, without limitation, the Health Care Laws, except for such non-compliance that would not, singly or in the aggregate reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(vv) (A) To the knowledge of the Company, there has been no material security breach or incident, including any unauthorized access to or disclosure, or other compromise of the confidentiality, integrity or availability of the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ information technology and computer systems, networks, hardware, software, data and databases (including the data and information of their respective employees, suppliers, vendors and any third party data maintained, processed or stored by the Company and its Subsidiaries, and any such data processed or stored by third parties on behalf of the Company and its Subsidiaries), equipment or technology (collectively, “IT Systems and Data”); (B) neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries have been notified of, and each of them have no knowledge of any event or condition that would reasonably be expected to result in any security breach or incident described in the preceding clause (A); and (C) the Company and its Subsidiaries have implemented commercially reasonable controls, policies, procedures, and technological safeguards designed to maintain and protect the integrity, continuous operation, redundancy and security of their IT Systems and Data, including as required by applicable regulatory standards. The Company and its Subsidiaries are presently in compliance with all (i) applicable laws or statutes, (ii) judgments, orders, rules and regulations of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, (iii) internal policies of the Company or its Subsidiaries and (iv) contractual obligations of the Company or its Subsidiaries relating to the privacy and security of IT Systems and Data, except, in each case, where the failure to be in compliance would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(ww)    The Company is a “foreign private issuer” as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

(xx)    Based on the nature of the Company’s income and the estimated value and composition of the Company’s assets, the Company does not believe that it was a “passive foreign investment company” (“PFIC”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes for its taxable year ended December 31, 2021.

(yy)    Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, (i) all dividends and other distributions declared and payable on the securities may under current laws and regulations of Switzerland be paid by the Company to the holder thereof in Swiss franc that may be converted into foreign currency and, except for certain restrictions with respect to national and international sanctions relating to certain countries, freely transferred out of Switzerland, and (ii) all such payments made to holders thereof or therein who are non-residents of Switzerland will not be subject to income or withholding taxes under laws and regulations of Switzerland or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein and will otherwise be free and clear of any other tax, duty, withholding or deduction in Switzerland or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein and without the necessity of obtaining any governmental authorization in Switzerland or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein.

(zz)    The Company has the power to submit, and pursuant to Section 17 of this Agreement, has legally, validly, effectively and irrevocably submitted, to the personal jurisdiction of each United States federal court and New York state court located in the Borough of Manhattan, in the City of New York, New York, U.S.A. (each, a “New York Court”), and the Company has the power to designate, appoint and authorize, and pursuant to Section 17 of this Agreement, has legally, validly, effectively and irrevocably designated, appointed and authorized an agent for service of process in any action arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the issuance and sale of the Securities contemplated hereby in any New York Court, and service of process effected on such authorized agent will be effective to confer valid personal jurisdiction over the Company as provided in Section 17 hereof.
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(aaa)    Except as provided by laws or statutes generally applicable to transactions of the type described in this Agreement, neither the Company nor any of its respective properties, assets or revenues has any right of immunity under Swiss, New York or United States law, from any legal action, suit or proceeding, from the giving of any relief in any such legal action, suit or proceeding, from set-off or counterclaim, from the jurisdiction of any Swiss, New York or United States federal court, from service of process, attachment upon or prior judgment, or attachment in aid of execution of judgment, or from execution of a judgment, or other legal process or proceeding for the giving of any relief or for the enforcement of a judgment, in any such court, with respect to its obligations, liabilities or any other matter under or arising out of or in connection with this Agreement. To the extent that the Company or any of its respective properties, assets or revenues may have or may hereafter become entitled to any such right of immunity in any such court in which proceedings may at any time be commenced, the Company waives or will waive such right to the extent permitted by law and has consented to such relief and enforcement as provided in Section 17 of this Agreement.

(bbb)    Any final judgment for a fixed or determined sum of money rendered by any U.S. federal or New York state court located in the State of New York having jurisdiction under its own laws in respect of any suit, action or proceeding against the Company based upon this Agreement would be recognized by the courts of Switzerland, without reconsideration or reexamination of the merits, subject to the restrictions described under the caption “Enforceability of Civil Liabilities” in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, and the applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors and secured parties in general, and laws or principles of general application (including, but not limited to, the abuse of rights (Rechtsmissbrauch) and the principle of good faith (Grundsatz von Treu und Glauben)).

(ccc)    The choice of laws of the State of New York as the governing law of this Agreement is a valid choice of law under the laws of Switzerland and will be honored by the courts of Switzerland, subject to the restrictions described under the caption “Enforceability of Civil Liabilities” in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(ddd)    This Agreement is in proper form under the laws of Switzerland for the enforcement thereof against the Company, and to ensure the legality, validity, enforceability or admissibility into evidence in Switzerland of this Agreement.

(eee)    It is not necessary under the laws of Switzerland (i) to enable the Agent to enforce their rights under this Agreement, to enable any holder of Securities to enforce their respective rights thereunder, provided that they are not otherwise engaged in business in Switzerland or (ii) solely by reason of the execution, delivery or consummation of this Agreement for any of the Agent or any holder of Securities of the Company to be qualified or entitled to carry out business in Switzerland.

(fff)    The indemnification provisions set forth in Section 9 hereof and contribution provisions set forth in Section 9 hereof do not contravene mandatory Swiss law or public policy.

Any certificate signed by any officer of the Company and delivered to the Agent or its counsel in connection with the offering of the Placement Shares shall be deemed a representation and warranty by the Company, as to matters covered thereby, to the Agent.

7.    Covenants of the Company. The Company covenants and agrees with the Agent that:

(a)    Registration Statement Amendments. After the date of this Agreement and during any period in which the Prospectus relating to any Placement Shares is required to be delivered by the Agent under the Securities Act (including in circumstances where such requirement may be satisfied pursuant to Rule 172 under the Securities Act or a similar rule); (i) the Company will notify the Agent promptly of the time when any subsequent amendment to the Registration Statement, other than Incorporated Documents, has been filed with the Commission and/or has become effective or any subsequent supplement to the Prospectus, other than Incorporated Documents, has been filed and of any request by the Commission for any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or Prospectus or for additional information; (in each case, insofar as it relates to the transactions contemplated hereby) (ii) the Company will prepare and file with the Commission, promptly upon the Agent’s reasonable request, any
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amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement or Prospectus that, in the Agent’s reasonable opinion, may be necessary or advisable in connection with the distribution of the Placement Shares by the Agent (provided, however, that the failure of the Agent to make such request shall not relieve the Company of any obligation or liability hereunder, or affect the Agent’s right to rely on the representations and warranties made by the Company in this Agreement and provided, further, that the only remedy the Agent shall have with respect to the failure by the Company to make such filing (but without limiting the Agent’s rights under Section 9 hereof) will be to cease making sales under this Agreement until such amendment or supplement is filed); (iii) the Company will not file any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or Prospectus, other than Incorporated Documents, relating to the offering of the Placement Shares unless a copy thereof has been submitted to the Agent within a reasonable period of time before the filing and the Agent has not reasonably objected thereto (provided, however, that the failure of the Agent to make such objection shall not relieve the Company of any obligation or liability hereunder, or affect the Agent’s right to rely on the representations and warranties made by the Company in this Agreement and provided, further, that the only remedy the Agent shall have with respect to the Company’s making such filing notwithstanding the Agent’s objection (but without limiting the Agent’s rights under Section 9 hereof) will be to cease making sales under this Agreement) and the Company will furnish to the Agent at the time of filing thereof a copy of any Incorporated Document, except for those documents available via EDGAR; and (iv) the Company will cause each amendment or supplement to the Prospectus, other than Incorporated Documents, to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b) of the Securities Act and, in the case of any Incorporated Document, to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the Exchange Act or the requirements of Regulation S-K Item 512(a)(4), within the time period prescribed (the determination to file or not file any amendment or supplement with the Commission under this Section 7(a), based on the Company’s reasonable opinion or reasonable objections, shall be made exclusively by the Company).

(b)    Notice of Commission Stop Orders. The Company will advise the Agent, promptly after it receives notice or obtains knowledge thereof, of the issuance or threatened issuance by the Commission of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement, of the suspension of the qualification of the Placement Shares for offering or sale in any jurisdiction or of the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for any such purpose; and it will promptly use its commercially reasonable efforts to prevent the issuance of any stop order or to obtain its withdrawal if such a stop order should be issued. The Company will advise the Agent promptly after it receives any request by the Commission for any amendments to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplements to the Prospectus or for additional information related to the offering of the Placement Shares or for additional information related to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

(c)    Delivery of Prospectus; Subsequent Changes. During any period in which the Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares is required to be delivered by the Agent under the Securities Act with respect to the offer and sale of the Placement Shares (including in circumstances where such requirement may be satisfied pursuant to Rule 172 under the Securities Act or a similar rule), the Company will comply with all requirements imposed upon it by the Securities Act, as from time to time in force, and will file on or before their respective due dates (taking into account any extensions available under the Exchange Act) all reports and any definitive proxy or information statements required to be filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14, 15(d) or any other provision of or under the Exchange Act. If during such period any event occurs as a result of which the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented would include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances then existing, not misleading, or if during such period it is necessary to amend or supplement the Registration Statement or Prospectus to comply with the Securities Act, the Company will promptly notify the Agent to suspend the offering of Placement Shares during such period and the Company will promptly amend or supplement the Registration Statement or Prospectus (at the expense of the Company) so as to correct such statement or omission or effect such compliance. If the Company has omitted any information from the Registration Statement pursuant to Rule 430B under the Securities Act, it will use its reasonable best efforts to comply with the provisions thereof and make all requisite filings with the Commission pursuant to said Rule 430B and to notify the Agent promptly of all such filings if not available on EDGAR.

(d)    Listing of Placement Shares. During any period in which the Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares is required to be delivered by the Agent under the Securities Act with respect to the offer and sale of the Placement Shares (including in circumstances where such requirement may be
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satisfied pursuant to Rule 172 under the Securities Act or a similar rule), the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Placement Shares to be listed on Nasdaq. The Company will timely file with Nasdaq all material documents and notices required by Nasdaq of companies that have or will issue securities that are traded on Nasdaq.

(e)    Delivery of Registration Statement and Prospectus. The Company will furnish to the Agent and its counsel (at the expense of the Company) copies of the Registration Statement, the Prospectus (including all Incorporated Documents) and all amendments and supplements to the Registration Statement or Prospectus that are filed with the Commission during any period in which the Prospectus relating to the Placement Shares is required to be delivered under the Securities Act (including all Incorporated Documents filed with the Commission during such period), in each case as soon as reasonably practicable and in such quantities as the Agent may from time to time reasonably request and, at the Agent’s request, will also furnish copies of the Prospectus to each exchange or market on which sales of the Placement Shares may be made; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required to furnish any document (other than the Prospectus) to the Agent to the extent such document is available on EDGAR.

(f)    Earnings Statement. The Company will make generally available to its security holders and to the Agent as soon as practicable, but in any event not later than 15 months after the end of the Company’s current fiscal year or half-year, as applicable, an earnings statement covering a 12-month period that satisfies the provisions of Section 11(a) of and Rule 158 under the Securities Act; provided that the Company will be deemed to have furnished such statement to its security holders and the Agent to the extent such statement has been filed on EDGAR.

(g)    Expenses. The Company, whether or not the transactions contemplated hereunder are consummated or this Agreement is terminated in accordance with the provisions of Section 11 hereunder, will pay all expenses incident to the performance of its obligations hereunder, including expenses relating to (i) the preparation, printing and filing of the Registration Statement and each amendment and supplement thereto, of the Prospectus and of each amendment and supplement thereto and of this Agreement and such other documents as may be required in connection with the offering, purchase, sale, issuance or delivery of the Placement Shares, (ii) the preparation, issuance (including any subscription for the nominal value of Placement Shares), sale and delivery of the Placement Shares and any taxes due or payable in connection therewith, (iii) the qualification of the Placement Shares under securities laws in accordance with the provisions of Section 7(x) of this Agreement, including filing fees (provided, however, that any fees or disbursements of counsel for the Agent in connection therewith shall be paid by the Agent except as set forth in clauses (vii) and (viii) below), (iv) the printing and delivery to the Agent and its counsel of copies of the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements thereto, and of this Agreement, (v) the fees and expenses incurred in connection with the listing or qualification of the Placement Shares for trading on Nasdaq, (vi) the filing fees and expenses, if any, owed to the Commission or FINRA and the fees and expenses of any transfer agent or registrar for the Shares, (vii) the reasonable and documented fees and associated expenses of the Agent’s outside legal counsel for filings with the FINRA Corporate Financing Department in an amount not to exceed $15,000 (excluding FINRA filing fees referred to in clause (vi) above and in addition to the fees and disbursements referred to in clause (viii) below), and (viii) the reasonable fees and disbursements of the Agent’s outside legal counsel (A) in an amount not to exceed $75,000 arising out of executing this Agreement and the Company’s delivery of the initial certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) and (B) in an amount not to exceed $25,000 in connection with each Representation Date (as defined below) on which the Company is required to provide a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) (in addition to the fees and associated expenses referred to in clause (vii) above).

(h)    Use of Proceeds. The Company will use the Net Proceeds as described in the Prospectus in the section entitled “Use of Proceeds.”

(i)    Notice of Other Sales. Without the prior written consent of the Agent, the Company will not, directly or indirectly, offer to sell, sell, contract to sell, grant any option to sell or otherwise dispose of any Ordinary Shares (other than the Placement Shares offered pursuant to this Agreement) or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for Ordinary Shares, warrants or any rights to purchase or acquire Ordinary Shares during the period beginning on the fifth Trading Day immediately prior to the date on which any Placement Notice is delivered to Agent hereunder and ending on the second Trading
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Day immediately following the final Settlement Date with respect to Placement Shares sold pursuant to such Placement Notice (or, if the Placement Notice has been terminated or suspended prior to the sale of all Placement Shares covered by a Placement Notice, the date of such suspension or termination); and will not directly or indirectly in any other “at the market offering” or continuous equity transaction offer to sell, sell, contract to sell, grant any option to sell or otherwise dispose of any Ordinary Shares (other than the Placement Shares offered pursuant to this Agreement) or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for Ordinary Shares, warrants or any rights to purchase or acquire, Ordinary Shares prior to the later of the termination of this Agreement and the sixtieth day immediately following the final Settlement Date with respect to Placement Shares sold pursuant to such Placement Notice; provided, however, that such restrictions will not be required in connection with the Company’s issuance or sale of (i) Ordinary Shares, options to purchase Ordinary Shares, other securities under the Company’s existing equity incentive plans, or Ordinary Shares issuable upon the exercise of options or vesting of other securities, pursuant to any employee or director share option or benefits plan, share ownership plan or dividend reinvestment plan (but not Ordinary Shares subject to a waiver to exceed plan limits in its dividend reinvestment plan) of the Company whether now in effect or hereafter implemented, (ii) Ordinary Shares issuable upon conversion of securities or the exercise of warrants, options or other rights in effect or outstanding, and disclosed in filings by the Company available on EDGAR or otherwise in writing to the Agent, (iii) Ordinary Shares or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Ordinary Shares as consideration for mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, collaborations, licensing agreements, other business combinations or strategic alliances occurring after the date of this Agreement which are not issued for capital raising purposes and (iv) modification of any outstanding options, warrants of any rights to purchase or acquire Ordinary Shares.

(j)    Change of Circumstances. The Company will, at any time during a fiscal quarter in which the Company intends to tender a Placement Notice or sell Placement Shares, advise the Agent promptly after it shall have received notice or obtained knowledge of any information or fact that would alter or affect in any material respect any opinion, certificate, letter or other document provided or required to be provided to the Agent pursuant to this Agreement.

(k)    Due Diligence Cooperation. During the term of this Agreement, the Company will cooperate with any reasonable due diligence review conducted by the Agent, its affiliates agents and counsel from time to time in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, including providing information and making available documents and senior corporate officers, during regular business hours and at the Company’s principal offices, as the Agent may reasonably request.

(l)    Required Filings Relating to Placement of Placement Shares. The Company agrees that on or prior to such dates as the Securities Act shall require, with respect to the Placement Shares, the Company will (i) file a prospectus supplement with the Commission under the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, which prospectus supplement will set forth, within the relevant period, the number or amount of Placement Shares sold through the Agent, the Net Proceeds to the Company and the compensation payable by the Company to the Agent with respect to such Placement Shares, and (ii) deliver such number of copies of each such prospectus supplement to each exchange or market on which such sales were effected as may be required by the rules or regulations of such exchange or market; provided, that, unless a prospectus supplement containing such information is required to be filed under the Securities Act, the requirement of this Section 7(l) may be satisfied by Company’s inclusion in the Company’s in the Company’s next-furnished report on Form 6-K containing its results of operations Form 20-F, as applicable, of the number or amount of Placement Shares sold through the Agent, the Net Proceeds to the Company and the compensation payable by the Company to the Agent with respect to such Placement Shares during the relevant period.

(m)    Representation Dates; Certificate. On or prior to the date on which the Company first delivers a Placement Notice pursuant to this agreement (the “First Placement Notice Date”) and each time the Company:

(i)    amends or supplements the Registration Statement or the Prospectus (other than (x) a prospectus supplement filed in accordance with Section 7(l) of this Agreement or (y) a prospectus supplement relating solely to an offering of securities other than the Placement Shares) by means of a post-effective amendment, sticker or supplement but not by means of incorporation of document(s) by reference into the Registration Statement or the Prospectus;
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(ii)    files an annual report on Form 20-F or a report on Form 6-K filed by the Company in respect of any interim period containing financial information which is deemed to be incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus under the Exchange Act (including any Form 20-F/A containing amended financial information or a material amendment to the previously filed Form 20-F or a material amendment to any previously filed report on Form 6-K filed in respect of any interim period); or

(iii)    files a current report on Form 6-K containing amended financial information,

(each date of filing of one or more of the documents referred to in clauses (i) through (iii) shall be a “Representation Date”), the Company shall furnish the Agent (but in the case of clause (iii) above only if (1) a Placement Notice is pending or in effect and (2) the Agent requests such certificate within three Business Days after the filing of such Form 6-K with the Commission) with a certificate, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(m) (modified, as necessary, to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented), within two Trading Days of any Representation Date. The requirement to provide a certificate under this Section 7(m) shall be waived for any Representation Date occurring at a time at which no Placement Notice is pending or in effect or if a suspension is in effect with respect to any Placement Notice, which waiver shall continue until the earlier to occur of (1) the date the Company delivers a Placement Notice hereunder (which for such calendar quarter shall be considered a Representation Date) and (2) the next occurring Representation Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Company subsequently decides to sell Placement Shares following a Representation Date on which the Company relied on the waiver referred to in the previous sentence and did not provide the Agent with a certificate under this Section 7(m), then before the Company delivers a Placement Notice or the Agent sells any Placement Shares pursuant thereto, the Company shall provide the Agent with a certificate, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 7(m), dated the date of such Placement Notice. Within two Trading Days of each Representation Date, the Company shall have furnished to the Agent such further information, certificates and documents as the Agent may reasonably request.

(n)    U.S. Legal Opinion. On or prior to the First Placement Notice Date and on any date which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) for which no suspension or waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause to be furnished to the Agent the written opinion and negative assurance letter of Cooley LLP, counsel to the Company, or such other counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Agent (“Company Counsel”), in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agent and its counsel, dated the date that the opinion and negative assurance letter are required to be delivered, modified, as necessary, to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented; provided, however, that in lieu of such opinion and negative assurance letter for subsequent Representation Dates, Company Counsel may furnish the Agent with a letter to the effect that the Agent may rely on a prior opinion or negative assurance letter delivered by such counsel under this Section 7(n) to the same extent as if it were dated the date of such letter (except that statements in such prior opinion or negative assurance letter shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended or supplemented at such Representation Date).

(o)    Swiss Legal Opinion. On or prior to the First Placement Notice Date and on any date which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) for which no suspension or waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause to be furnished to the Agent the written legal opinion of Homburger AG, Swiss counsel to the Company, or such other counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Agent (“Company Swiss Counsel”), in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agent and its counsel, dated the date that the opinion is required to be delivered, modified, as necessary, to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented; provided, however, that in lieu of such opinion for subsequent Representation Dates, Company Swiss Counsel may furnish the Agent with a letter to the effect that the Agent may rely on a prior opinion delivered by such counsel under this Section 7(n) to the same extent as if it were dated the date of such letter (except that statements in such prior opinion shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended or supplemented at such Representation Date).

(p)    Intellectual Property Opinion. On or prior to the First Placement Notice Date and on any date which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) for which no
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suspension or waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause to be furnished to the Agent the written opinion of Cooley LLP, counsel for the Company with respect to intellectual property matters, or such other intellectual property counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Agent (“Intellectual Property Counsel”), in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agent and its counsel, dated the date that the opinion letter is required to be delivered, modified, as necessary, to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented; provided, however, that in lieu of such written opinion for subsequent Representation Dates, Intellectual Property Counsel may furnish the Agent with a letter to the effect that the Agent may rely on a prior opinion letter delivered by such counsel under this Section 7(p) to the same extent as if it were dated the date of such opinion letter (except that statements in such prior opinion letter shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended or supplemented at such Representation Date).

(q)    Comfort Letter. On or prior to the First Placement Notice Date and on any date which the Company is obligated to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m) for which no waiver is applicable, the Company shall cause its independent registered public accounting firm (and any other independent accountants whose report is included in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus) to furnish the Agent letters (the “Comfort Letters”), dated the date the Comfort Letter is delivered, which shall meet the requirements set forth in this Section 7(q); provided, that if requested by the Agent, the Company shall cause a Comfort Letter to be furnished to the Agent within 10 Trading Days of the occurrence of any material transaction or event that necessitates the filing of additional, pro forma, amended or revised financial statements (including any restatement of previously issued financial statements). Each Comfort Letter shall be in form and substance satisfactory to the Agent and each Comfort Letter from the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm shall (i) confirm that they are an independent registered public accounting firm within the meaning of the Securities Act and the PCAOB, (ii) state, as of such date, the conclusions and findings of such firm with respect to the financial information and other matters ordinarily covered by accountants’ “comfort letters”, including customary negative assurance, to underwriters in connection with registered public offerings (the first such letter, the “Initial Comfort Letter”) and (iii) update the Initial Comfort Letter with any information that would have been included in the Initial Comfort Letter had it been given on such date and modified as necessary to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, as amended and supplemented to the date of such letter.

(r)    Market Activities. The Company will not, directly or indirectly, and will cause its officers, directors and Subsidiaries not to (i) take any action designed to cause or result in, or that constitutes or might reasonably be expected to constitute, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of Ordinary Shares or (ii) sell, bid for, or purchase Ordinary Shares to be issued and sold pursuant to this Agreement in violation of Regulation M, or pay anyone any compensation for soliciting purchases of the Placement Shares other than the Agent; provided, however, that the Company may bid for and purchase Ordinary Shares in accordance with Rule 10b-18 under the Exchange Act.

(s)    Insurance. The Company and its Subsidiaries shall maintain, or cause to be maintained, insurance in such amounts and covering such risks as is reasonable and customary for the business for which it is engaged.

(t)    Compliance with Laws. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries shall maintain, or cause to be maintained, all material environmental certificates, authorizations or permits required by federal, state and local law in order to conduct their businesses as described in the Prospectus (collectively, “Permits”), and the Company and each of its Subsidiaries shall conduct their businesses, or cause their businesses to be conducted, in substantial compliance with such Permits and with applicable Environmental Laws, except where the failure to maintain or be in compliance with such Permits could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(u)    Investment Company Act. The Company will conduct its affairs in such a manner so as to reasonably ensure that neither it nor any of its Subsidiaries will be or become, at any time prior to the termination of this Agreement, an “investment company,” as such term is defined in the Investment Company Act.

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(v)    Securities Act and Exchange Act. The Company will use its best efforts to comply with all requirements imposed upon it by the Securities Act and the Exchange Act as from time to time in force, so far as necessary to permit the sales of, or dealings in, the Placement Shares as contemplated by the provisions hereof and the Prospectus.

(w)    No Offer to Sell. Other than a free writing prospectus (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) approved in advance by the Company and the Agent, neither the Agent nor the Company (including its agents and representatives, other than the Agent in its capacity as agent) will make, use, prepare, authorize, approve or refer to any written communication (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act), required to be filed with the Commission, that constitutes an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy Placement Shares hereunder.

(x)    Blue Sky and Other Qualifications. The Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts, in cooperation with the Agent, to qualify the Placement Shares for offering and sale, or to obtain an exemption for the Placement Shares to be offered and sold, under the applicable securities laws of such states and other jurisdictions (domestic or foreign) as the Agent may designate and to maintain such qualifications and exemptions in effect for so long as required for the distribution of the Placement Shares (but in no event for less than one year from the date of this Agreement); provided, however, that the Company shall not be obligated to file any general consent to service of process or to qualify as a foreign corporation or as a dealer in securities in any jurisdiction in which it is not so qualified or to subject itself to taxation in respect of doing business in any jurisdiction in which it is not otherwise so subject. In each jurisdiction in which the Placement Shares have been so qualified or exempt, the Company will file such statements and reports as may be required by the laws of such jurisdiction to continue such qualification or exemption, as the case may be, in effect for so long as required for the distribution of the Placement Shares (but in no event for less than one year from the date of this Agreement).

(y)    Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Company will maintain and keep accurate books and records reflecting its assets and maintain internal accounting controls in a manner designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS and including those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company, (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit the preparation of the Company’s financial statements in accordance with IFRS, (iii) that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with management’s and the Company’s directors’ authorization, and (iv) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on its financial statements. The Company will maintain such controls and other procedures, including, without limitation, those required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and the applicable regulations thereunder that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, including, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and to ensure that material information relating to the Company is made known to it by others within the Company, particularly during the period in which such periodic reports are being prepared.

(z)    Emerging Growth Company. The Company will promptly notify the Agent if the company ceases to be an Emerging Growth Company at any time prior to the completion of the Agent’s distribution of the Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement.

(aa)    Renewal of Registration Statement. If, immediately prior to the third anniversary of the initial effective date of the Registration Statement (the “Renewal Date”), any of the Placement Shares remain unsold and this Agreement has not been terminated, the Company, in its sole discretion, will, prior to the Renewal Date, file a new shelf registration statement or, if applicable, an automatic shelf registration statement relating to the Ordinary Shares that may be offered and sold pursuant to this Agreement (which shall include a prospectus reflecting the number or amount of Placement Shares that
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may be offered and sold pursuant to this Agreement), in a form satisfactory to the Agent and its counsel, and, if such registration statement is not an automatic shelf registration statement, will use its reasonable best efforts to cause such registration statement to be declared effective within 180 days after the Renewal Date. The Company will take all other reasonable actions necessary or appropriate to permit the public offer and sale of the Placement Shares to continue as contemplated in the expired registration statement and this Agreement. From and after the effective date thereof, references herein to the “Registration Statement” shall include such new shelf registration statement or such new automatic shelf registration statement, as the case may be.

(bb)    General Instruction I.B.5. of Form F-3. If, from and after the date of this Agreement, the Company is no longer eligible to use Form F-3 (including pursuant to General Instruction I.B.5.) at the time it files with the Commission an annual report on Form 20-F or any post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement, then it shall promptly notify the Agent and, within two Business Days after the date of filing of such annual report on Form 20-F or amendment to the Registration Statement, the Company shall file a new prospectus supplement with the Commission reflecting the number of Ordinary Shares available to be offered and sold by the Company under this Agreement pursuant to General Instruction I.B.5. of Form F-3; provided, however, that the Company may delay the filing of any such prospectus supplement for up to 30 days if, in the reasonable judgment of the Company, it is in the best interest of the Company to do so, provided that no Placement Notice is in effect or pending during such time. Until such time as the Company shall have corrected such misstatement or omission or effected such compliance, the Company shall not notify the Agent to resume the offering of Placement Shares.

(cc)    Tax Indemnity. The Company will indemnify and hold harmless the Agent against any documentary, stamp or similar issue tax, including any interest and penalties, on the issue and sale of the Placement Shares.

(dd)    Transfer Agent. The Company has engaged and will maintain, at its sole expense, a transfer agent and registrar for the Ordinary Shares.

8.    Conditions to the Agent’s Obligations. The obligations of the Agent hereunder with respect to a Placement will be subject to the continuing accuracy and completeness of the representations and warranties made by the Company herein, to the due performance by the Company of its obligations hereunder, to the completion by the Agent of a due diligence review satisfactory to the Agent in its reasonable judgment, and to the continuing satisfaction (or waiver by the Agent in its sole discretion) of the following additional conditions:

(a)    Registration Statement Effective. The Registration Statement shall be effective and shall be available for all offers and sales of Placement Shares (i) that have been issued pursuant to all prior Placement Notices and (ii) that will be issued pursuant to any Placement Notice.

(b)    [Reserved].

(c)    No Material Notices. None of the following events shall have occurred and be continuing: (i) receipt by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of any request for additional information from the Commission or any other federal or state governmental authority during the period of effectiveness of the Registration Statement, the response to which would require any post-effective amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus; (ii) the issuance by the Commission or any other federal or state governmental authority of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or the initiation of any proceedings for that purpose; (iii) receipt by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of any notification with respect to the suspension of the qualification or exemption from qualification of any of the Placement Shares for sale in any jurisdiction or the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for such purpose; or (iv) the occurrence of any event that makes any material statement made in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or any material Incorporated Document untrue in any material respect or that requires the making of any changes in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or Incorporated Documents so that, in the case of the Registration Statement, it will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading and, in the case of the Prospectus, so that it will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any
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material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

(d)    No Misstatement or Material Omission. The Agent shall not have advised the Company that the Registration Statement or Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, contains an untrue statement of fact that in the Agent’s opinion is material, or omits to state a fact that in the Agent’s opinion is material and is required to be stated therein or is necessary to make the statements therein not misleading.

(e)    Material Changes. Except as contemplated in the Prospectus, or disclosed in the Company’s reports filed with the Commission, there shall not have been any material adverse change, on a consolidated basis, in the authorized capital stock of the Company or any Material Adverse Effect or any development that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, or any downgrading in or withdrawal of the rating assigned to any of the Company’s securities (other than asset backed securities), if any, by any rating organization or a public announcement by any rating organization that it has under surveillance or review its rating of any of the Company’s securities (other than asset backed securities), if any, the effect of which, in the judgment of the Agent (without relieving the Company of any obligation or liability it may otherwise have), is so material as to make it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering of the Placement Shares on the terms and in the manner contemplated in the Prospectus.

(f)    Company Counsel Legal Opinions. The Agent shall have received the opinions and negative assurance letters, as applicable, of Company Counsel, Company Swiss Counsel and Intellectual Property Counsel required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7(n), Section 7(o) and Section 7(p), as applicable, on or before the date on which such delivery of such opinions and negative assurance letters are required pursuant to Section 7(n), Section 7(o) and Section 7(p), as applicable.

(g)    Agent’s Counsel Legal Opinion. The Agent shall have received from Latham & Watkins LLP, counsel for the Agent, such opinion or opinions, on or before the date on which the delivery of the Company Counsel legal opinion is required pursuant to Section 7(n), with respect to such matters as the Agent may reasonably require, and the Company shall have furnished to such counsel such documents as they may request to enable them to pass upon such matters.

(h)    Comfort Letter. The Agent shall have received the Comfort Letter required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7(q) on or before the date on which such delivery of such Comfort Letter is required pursuant to Section 7(q).

(i)    Representation Certificate. The Agent shall have received the certificate required to be delivered pursuant to Section 7(m) on or before the date on which delivery of such certificate is required pursuant to Section 7(m).

(j)    Secretary’s Certificate. On or prior to the First Placement Notice Date, the Agent shall have received a certificate, signed on behalf of the Company by the Secretary of the Company and attested to by an executive officer of the Company, dated as of such date and in form and substance satisfactory to the Agent and its counsel, certifying as to (i) the amended and restated articles of association of the Company, (ii) the resolutions of the board of directors of the Company or duly authorized committee thereof authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the issuance and sale of the Placement Shares and (iii) the incumbency of the officers of the Company duly authorized to execute this Agreement and the other documents contemplated by this Agreement (including each of the officers set forth on Schedule 2).

(k)    No Suspension. The Ordinary Shares shall be duly listed, and admitted and authorized for trading, subject to official notice of issuance, on Nasdaq. Trading in the Ordinary Shares shall not have been suspended on, and the Ordinary Shares shall not have been delisted from, Nasdaq.

(l)    Other Materials. On each date on which the Company is required to deliver a certificate pursuant to Section 7(m), the Company shall have furnished to the Agent such appropriate further information, opinions, certificates, letters and other documents as the Agent may have reasonably requested. All such information, opinions, certificates, letters and other documents shall have been in
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compliance with the provisions hereof. The Company shall have furnished the Agent with conformed copies of such opinions, certificates, letters and other documents as the Agent may have reasonably requested.

(m)    Securities Act Filings Made. All filings with the Commission required by Rule 424(b) or Rule 433 under the Securities Act to have been filed prior to the issuance of any Placement Notice hereunder shall have been made within the applicable time period prescribed for such filing by Rule 424(b) (without reliance on Rule 424(b)(8) of the Securities Act) or Rule 433, as applicable.

(n)    Approval for Listing. Either (i) the Placement Shares shall have been approved for listing on Nasdaq, subject only to notice of issuance, or (ii) the Company shall have filed an application for listing of the Placement Shares on Nasdaq at, or prior to, the First Placement Notice Date and Nasdaq shall have reviewed such application and not provided any objections thereto.

(o)    FINRA. FINRA shall have raised no objection to the terms of the offering contemplated hereby and the amount of compensation allowable or payable to the Agent as described in the Prospectus.

(p)    No Termination Event. There shall not have occurred any event that would permit the Agent to terminate this Agreement pursuant to Section 11(a).

9.    Indemnification and Contribution.

(a)    Company Indemnification. The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Agent, its affiliates and their respective partners, members, directors, officers, employees and agents, and each person, if any, who (i) controls the Agent within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act or (ii) is controlled by or is under common control with the Agent, in each case from and against any and all losses, claims, liabilities, expenses and damages (including any and all investigative, legal and other expenses reasonably incurred in connection with, and any and all amounts paid in settlement (in accordance with this Section 9), any action, suit, investigation or proceeding between any of the indemnified parties and any indemnifying parties or between any indemnified party and any third party (including any governmental or self-regulatory authority, or otherwise, or any claim asserted or threatened), as and when incurred, to which the Agent, or any such other person may become subject under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act or other federal or state statutory law or regulation, at common law or otherwise, insofar as such losses, claims, liabilities, expenses or damages arise out of or are based, directly or indirectly, on (x) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus) or in any free writing prospectus, or (y) the omission or alleged omission to state in any such document a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein (solely with respect to the Prospectus, in light of the circumstances under which they were made) not misleading; provided, however, that this indemnity agreement shall not apply to the extent that such loss, claim, liability, expense or damage arises from the sale of the Placement Shares pursuant to this Agreement and is caused, directly or indirectly, by an untrue statement or omission, or alleged untrue statement or omission, made in reliance upon and in conformity with the Agent’s Information. This indemnity agreement will be in addition to any liability that the Company might otherwise have.

(b)    Agent Indemnification. The Agent agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Company and its directors and each officer of the Company who signed the Registration Statement, and each person, if any, who (i) controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act or (ii) is controlled by or is under common control with the Company against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense described in the indemnity contained in Section 9(a), as incurred, but only with respect to untrue statements or omissions, or alleged untrue statements or omissions, made in the Registration Statement (or any amendments thereto) or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto) or in any free writing prospectus in reliance upon and in conformity with the Agent’s Information.

(c)    Procedure. Any party that proposes to assert the right to be indemnified under this Section 9 will, promptly after receipt of notice of commencement of any action against such party in respect of which a claim is to be made against an indemnifying party or parties under this Section 9,
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notify each such indemnifying party of the commencement of such action, enclosing a copy of all papers served, but the omission so to notify such indemnifying party will not relieve the indemnifying party from (i) any liability that it might have to any indemnified party otherwise than under this Section 9 and (ii) any liability that it may have to any indemnified party under the foregoing provision of this Section 9 unless, and only to the extent that, such omission results in the forfeiture of substantive rights or defenses by the indemnifying party. If any such action is brought against any indemnified party and it notifies the indemnifying party of its commencement, the indemnifying party will be entitled to participate in and, to the extent that it elects by delivering written notice to the indemnified party promptly after receiving notice of the commencement of the action from the indemnified party, jointly with any other indemnifying party similarly notified, to assume the defense of the action, with counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party, and after notice from the indemnifying party to the indemnified party of its election to assume the defense, the indemnifying party will not be liable to the indemnified party for any other legal expenses except as provided below and except for the reasonable costs of investigation subsequently incurred by the indemnified party in connection with the defense. The indemnified party will have the right to employ its own counsel in any such action, but the fees, expenses and other charges of such counsel will be at the expense of such indemnified party unless (1) the employment of counsel by the indemnified party has been authorized in writing by the indemnifying party, (2) the indemnified party has reasonably concluded (based on advice of counsel) that there may be legal defenses available to it or other indemnified parties that are different from or in addition to those available to the indemnifying party, (3) a conflict or potential conflict exists (based on advice of counsel to the indemnified party) between the indemnified party and the indemnifying party (in which case the indemnifying party will not have the right to direct the defense of such action on behalf of the indemnified party) or (4) the indemnifying party has not in fact employed counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party to assume the defense of such action within a reasonable time after receiving notice of the commencement of the action, in each of which cases the reasonable fees, disbursements and other charges of counsel will be at the expense of the indemnifying party or parties. It is understood that the indemnifying party or parties shall not, in connection with any proceeding or related proceedings in the same jurisdiction, be liable for the reasonable and documented fees, disbursements and other charges of more than one separate firm (plus local counsel) admitted to practice in such jurisdiction at any one time for all such indemnified party or parties. All such fees, disbursements and other charges will be reimbursed by the indemnifying party promptly after the indemnifying party receives a written invoice relating to such fees, disbursements and other charges in reasonable detail. An indemnifying party will not, in any event, be liable for any settlement of any action or claim effected without its written consent. No indemnifying party shall, without the prior written consent of each indemnified party, settle or compromise or consent to the entry of any judgment in any pending or threatened claim, action or proceeding relating to the matters contemplated by this Section 9 (whether or not any indemnified party is a party thereto), unless such settlement, compromise or consent (1) includes an unconditional release of each indemnified party, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to such indemnified party, from all liability arising out of such claim, action or proceeding and (2) does not include a statement as to or an admission of fault, culpability or a failure to act by or on behalf of any indemnified party.

(d)    Settlement Without Consent if Failure to Reimburse. If an indemnified party shall have requested an indemnifying party to reimburse the indemnified party for reasonable fees and expenses of counsel for which it is entitled to be reimbursed under this Section 9, such indemnifying party agrees that it shall be liable for any settlement of the nature contemplated by Section 9(a) effected without its written consent if (i) such settlement is entered into more than 45 days after receipt by such indemnifying party of the aforesaid request, (ii) such indemnifying party shall have received notice of the terms of such settlement at least 30 days prior to such settlement being entered into and (iii) such indemnifying party shall not have reimbursed such indemnified party in accordance with such request prior to the date of such settlement.

(e)    Contribution. In order to provide for just and equitable contribution in circumstances in which the indemnification provided for in the foregoing paragraphs of this Section 9 is applicable in accordance with its terms but for any reason is held to be unavailable or insufficient from the Company or the Agent, the Company and the Agent will contribute to the total losses, claims, liabilities, expenses and damages (including any investigative, legal and other expenses reasonably incurred in connection with, and any amount paid in settlement of, any action, suit, investigation or proceeding or any claim asserted, but after deducting any contribution received by the Company from persons other than the Agent, such as persons who control the Company within the meaning of the Securities Act, officers of the Company who
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signed the Registration Statement and directors of the Company, who also may be liable for contribution) to which the Company and the Agent may be subject in such proportion as shall be appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Agent on the other hand. The relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Agent on the other hand shall be deemed to be in the same proportion as the total Net Proceeds from the sale of the Placement Shares (before deducting expenses) received by the Company bear to the total compensation received by the Agent from the sale of Placement Shares on behalf of the Company. If, but only if, the allocation provided by the foregoing sentence is not permitted by applicable law, the allocation of contribution shall be made in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in the foregoing sentence but also the relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Agent, on the other hand, with respect to the statements or omission that resulted in such loss, claim, liability, expense or damage, or action, suit, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations with respect to such offering. Such relative fault shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company or the Agent, the intent of the parties and their relative knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission. The Company and the Agent agree that it would not be just and equitable if contributions pursuant to this Section 9(e) were to be determined by pro rata allocation or by any other method of allocation that does not take into account the equitable considerations referred to herein. The amount paid or payable by an indemnified party as a result of the loss, claim, liability, expense or damage, or action, suit, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof, referred to above in this Section 9(e) shall be deemed to include, for the purpose of this Section 9(e), any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such indemnified party in connection with investigating or defending any such action, suit, investigation, proceeding or claim to the extent consistent with this Section 9. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 9(e), the Agent shall not be required to contribute any amount in excess of the commissions received by it under this Agreement and no person found guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) will be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation. For purposes of this Section 9(e), any person who controls a party to this Agreement within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, any affiliates of the Agent, any partners, members, directors, officers, employees and agents of the Agent and each person that is controlled by or under common control with the Agent will have the same rights to contribution as that party, and each director of the Company and each officer of the Company who signed the Registration Statement will have the same rights to contribution as the Company, subject in each case to the provisions hereof. Any party entitled to contribution, promptly after receipt of notice of commencement of any action against such party in respect of which a claim for contribution may be made under this Section 9(e), will notify any such party or parties from whom contribution may be sought, but the omission to so notify will not relieve that party or parties from whom contribution may be sought from any other obligation it or they may have under this Section 9(e) except to the extent that the failure to so notify such other party materially prejudiced the substantive rights or defenses of the party from whom contribution is sought. Except for a settlement entered into pursuant to the last sentence of Section 9(c) hereof or pursuant to Section 9(d) hereof, no party will be liable for contribution with respect to any action or claim settled without its written consent if such consent is required pursuant to Section 9(c) hereof.

10.    Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery. The indemnity and contribution agreements contained in Section 9 of this Agreement and all representations and warranties of the Company herein or in certificates delivered pursuant hereto shall survive, as of their respective dates, regardless of (i) any investigation made by or on behalf of the Agent, any controlling persons, or the Company (or any of their respective officers, directors, employees or controlling persons), (ii) delivery and acceptance of the Placement Shares and payment therefor or (iii) any termination of this Agreement.

11.    Termination.

(a)    The Agent shall have the right, by giving notice as hereinafter specified, at any time to terminate this Agreement if (i) any Material Adverse Effect, or any development that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, has occurred that, in the judgment of the Agent, may materially impair the ability of the Agent to sell the Placement Shares hereunder, (ii) the Company shall have failed, refused or been unable to perform any agreement on its part to be performed hereunder; provided, however, in the case of any failure of the Company to deliver (or cause another person to
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deliver) any certification, opinion or letter required under Section 7(m), Section 7(n), Section 7(o), Section 7(p) or Section 7(q), the Agent’s right to terminate shall not arise unless such failure to deliver (or cause to be delivered) continues for more than 15 calendar days from the date such delivery was required, (iii) any other condition of the Agent’s obligations hereunder is not fulfilled, (iv) any suspension or limitation of trading in the Placement Shares or in securities generally on Nasdaq shall have occurred, (v) a general banking moratorium shall have been declared by any of United States federal or New York authorities, or (vi) there shall have occurred any outbreak or escalation of national or international hostilities or any crisis or calamity, or any change in the United States or international financial markets, or any substantial change or development involving a prospective substantial change in United States or international political, financial or economic conditions that, in the judgment of the Agent, may materially impair the ability of the Agent to sell the Placement Shares hereunder or to enforce contracts for the sale of securities. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that the provisions of Section 7(g), Section 9, Section 10, Section 16 and Section 17 hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination. If the Agent elects to terminate this Agreement as provided in this Section 11(a), the Agent shall provide the required notice as specified in Section 12.

(b)    The Company shall have the right, by giving 10 days’ prior notice as hereinafter specified, to terminate this Agreement in its sole discretion at any time after the date of this Agreement. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that the provisions of Section 7(g), Section 9, Section 10, Section 11(f), Section 16 and Section 17 hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination.

(c)    The Agent shall have the right, by giving 10 days’ prior notice as hereinafter specified, to terminate this Agreement in its sole discretion at any time after the date of this Agreement. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that the provisions of Section 7(g), Section 9, Section 10, Section 11(f), Section 16 and Section 17 hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination.

(d)    Unless earlier terminated pursuant to this Section 11, this Agreement shall automatically terminate upon the issuance and sale of all of the Placement Shares through the Agent on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein; provided that the provisions of Section 7(g), Section 9, Section 10, Section 11(f), Section 16 and Section 17 hereof shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination.

(e)    This Agreement shall remain in full force and effect unless terminated pursuant to Sections 11(a), (b), (c), or (d) above or otherwise by mutual agreement of the parties; provided, however, that any such termination by mutual agreement shall in all cases be deemed to provide that Section 7(g), Section 9, Section 10, Section 11(f), Section 16 and Section 17 shall remain in full force and effect.

(f)    Any termination of this Agreement shall be effective on the date specified in such notice of termination; provided, however, that such termination shall not be effective until the close of business on the date of receipt of such notice by the Agent or the Company, as the case may be. If such termination shall occur prior to the Settlement Date for any sale of Placement Shares, such Placement Shares shall settle in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement. Upon termination of this Agreement, the Company shall not be required to pay to the Agent any discount or commission with respect to any Placement Shares not otherwise sold by the Agent under this Agreement; provided, however, that the Company shall remain obligated to reimburse the Agent’s expenses pursuant to Section 7(g).

12.    Notices. All notices or other communications required or permitted to be given by any party to any other party pursuant to the terms of this Agreement shall be in writing, unless otherwise specified in this Agreement, and if sent to the Agent, shall be delivered to:

SVB Securities LLC
1301 Avenue of the Americas, 12th Floor
New York, New York 10019
Attention: Peter M. Fry
E-mail: peter.fry@svbsecurities.com

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:
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SVB Securities LLC
1301 Avenue of the Americas, 12th Floor
New York, New York 10019
Attention: Stuart R. Nayman, Esq.
E-mail: stuart.nayman@svbsecurities.com

and if to the Company, shall be delivered to:

VectivBio Holding AG
Aeschenvorstadt 36, 4051
Basel, Switzerland
Attention: Claudia D’Augusta
E-mail: claudia.daugusta@vectivbio.com

with copies (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Cooley LLP